Effort on the readings and viewings is expected outside of class. Students should read and view videos for key concepts and their illustration in actual examples. Always try to answer the study questions.
[Scott] = Scott, Graham. Essential Animal Behavior. Wiley-Blackwell, 2004. ISBN: 9780632057993. [Preview with Google Books]
[Tinb] = Tinbergen, Niko. Curious Naturalists. Doubleday, 1958. ISBN: 9780385028813. [Preview with Google Books]
[King] = Lorenz, Konrad Z. King Solomon's Ring. Crown, 1952. ISBN: 9780416538601. [Preview with Google Books]
[Found] = ———. The Foundations of Ethology. Springer-Verlag, 1981. ISBN: 9780387816234. [Preview with Google Books]
|LEC #||TOPICS AND STUDY QUESTIONS||READINGS AND VIEWINGS|
Introduction: class requirements, various approaches to animal behavior and its study
|Corbett, Jim. Jungle Lore. Oxford University Press, 1990, pp. 51–6, and 165–72. ISBN: 9780940143586.|
Introduction to ethology; three-spined stickleback fish
[Tinb] pp. 187–204.
[Scott] Chapter 1, pp. 1-18.
Open University, British Broadcasting Corporation, Pennsylvania State University, and Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Corporation. 1993. "Questions About Behavior". Chicago, Ill: Britannica. [videorecording]
Secko, David. "Big Cross Lands Sticklebacks in the Spotlight." The Scientist 18, no. 21 (2004): 16–7.
Introduction to ethology (cont.); field studies of birds; Niko Tinbergen's questions
|[King] Chapter 11, pp. 128–80.|
Ethology (cont.); Konrad Lorenz' Jackdaws.
Ethology of geese; fixed action patterns and the CNS
Konrad Lorenz and His Geese. "Wild, Wild World of Animals." PBS. 1976. [Videorecording.]
[Scott] Chapter 2, pp. 19–41.
Fixed action patterns and the CNS (cont.)
|[Scott] Chapter 3, pp. 42–56.|
Input and output sides of innate behavior; motivation
Innate behavior and motivation (cont.); Lorenz on fundamentals of ethology: The "fixed action pattern"
|[Found] pp. 107–35.|
Lorenz on fundamentals of ethology (cont.)
|[Found] pp. 153–75–210, and 235–53.|
Evolution; development & plasticity of behavior
[Scott] Chapter 4, pp. 57–92.
[Tinb] Chapter 6, pp 101–17.
Communication; Meerkats of the Kalahari Desert
[Scott] Chapter 5, pp. 93–118.
JOIN-UP®: Flight Distance and Turns with Monty Roberts. Solvang: Monty & Pat Roberts Inc., Accessed April 17, 2014. [Digital video.]
Meerkats United. Directed by Marion Zunz. Color, 1986. [Distributed by BBC Worldwide. 1999. Videotape.]
Thornton, Alex, and Katherine McAuliffe. "Teaching in Wild Meerkats." Science 313, no. 5784 (2006): 227–9.
Video clips of meerkats taken by conservation groups in South Africa:
Meerkcat Magic. The Meerkat Magic Conservation Project–Meerkat Magic Moments in The Meerkat Magic Valley Reserve. Accessed April 17, 2014.
Young, Andrew J., Anne A. Carlson, et al. "Stress and the Suppression of Subordinate Reproduction in Cooperatively Breeding Meerkats." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103, no. 32 (2006): 12005–10.
Foraging; anti-predation behavior
|[Scott] Chapter 6, pp. 119–42.|
Anti-predation behavior (cont.)
[Scott] Chapter 7, pp. 143–65.
G. E. Schneider, "Four hours in the life of a Syrian hamster" (unpublished manuscript, last modified Oct 10, 2013), PDF file.
Great Escapes. Directed by Marty Stouffer. Color, 1993. [Marty Stouffer Productions Ltd., 2012. DVD.]
|Midterm review questions (PDF)|
Mating & reproduction
|[Scott] Chapter 8, pp. 166–96.|
Introduction to sociobiology
[Alcock] Chapter 1, pp. 3–21.
Allen, E., B. Beckwith, et al. "Against 'Sociobiology'." New York Review of Books, November 1975.
Sociobiology subject matter
|[Alcock] Chapter 2, pp. 23–40.|
Genetic influences on social behavior
|[Alcock] Chapter 3, pp. 41–56.|
Video: Domestic cat
|Cats: Caressing the Tiger. Produced by Barbara Jampel, Paula N. Kessler, Tim Kelly, and Tom Simon. Color, 54 min. 1991. [National Geographic Video. 2010. DVD.]|
Domestic cat; scientific method in sociobiology
|[Alcock] Chapters 4–5, pp. 57–91.|
|24||Discoveries of sociobiology||[Alcock] Chapter 6, pp. 93–127.|
|25||Discoveries of sociobiology (cont.)|
Critique of cultural determinism
|[Alcock] Chapter 7, pp. 129–47.|
Sociobiology and culture; Practical issues and sociobiology
|[Alcock] Chapters 8–9, pp. 149–215.|
"The triumph of sociobiology"; Konrad Lorenz on learning
|[Alcock] Chapter 10, pp. 217–23.|
|29||Konrad Lorenz on learning (cont.)||[Found] Part 3.|
Konrad Lorenz on learning (cont.); Video: The Great Apes
Dreyfus, Claudia. "50 Years of Chimpanzees," New York Times, November 15, 2010.
Seyfarth, Robert M., and Dorothy L. Cheney. "The Structure of Social Knowledge in Monkeys." (PDF) Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies (2003): 207–29.
Russon, Anne E. "The Nature and Evolution of Intelligence in Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus)." Primates 39, no. 4 (1998): 485–503.
|31||Video: The Great Apes (cont.)|
Written reports due & Extra credit homework due
|32–35||Student report presentations|
Additional Recommended Readings
The texts listed below will not be covered in class despite their value.
Darwin, Charles. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. University of Chicago Press, 1965. ISBN: 9780226136561. [Preview with Google Books]
Examples of Useful General Texts
The first two books in the list below are recent textbooks in which the authors have attempted to integrate ethological and sociobiological approaches to a greater degree than in previous books. Each of these books provides useful material for this class.
Gallistel, C. R. The Organization of Action: A New Synthesis. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1980. ISBN: 9780470269121. [Preview with Google Books]
———. Animal Minds: Beyond Cognition to Consciousness. University of Chicago Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780226308654. [Preview with Google Books]
Westneat, David F., and Charles W. Fox, eds. Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology. Oxford University Press, 2010. ISBN: 9780195331929. [Preview with Google Books]
Maxwell, M., ed. The Sociobiological Imagination. State University of New York Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780791407684. [Preview with Google Books]
Ristau, C. A., and P. Marler, eds. Cognitive Ethology: The Minds of Other Animals. Psychology Press, 1990. ISBN: 9780805802528. [Preview with Google Books]
Wasserman, E. A., and T. R. Zentall. Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence. Oxford University Press. 2006, ISBN: 9780195167658. [Preview with Google Books]
Examples of More Specialized Books: A Few of the Older Ones
Barnett, S. A. The Rat: A Study in Behavior. Aldine Publishing Company, 1963. [Preview with Google Books]
Cheney, D. L., and R. M. Seyfarth. How Monkeys See the World: Inside the Mind of Another Species. University Chicago Press, 1990. ISBN: 9780226102450. [Preview with Google Books]
Eibl-Eibesfeldt, I. Human Ethology. Aldine Transaction, 1989. ISBN: 9780202020303. [Preview with Google Books]
Fossey, D. Gorillas in the Mist. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1983. [Preview with Google Books]
Hrdy, S. B. The Langurs of Abu: Female and Male Strategies of Reproduction. Harvard University Press, 1977. ISBN: 9780674510579. [Preview with Google Books]
Strum, S. C. Almost Human: A Journey into the World of Baboons. Random House, 1987. [Preview with Google Books]
Wrangham, R. W., W. C. McGrew, eds. Chimpanzee Cultures. Harvard University Press, 1994. ISBN: 9780674116627. [Preview with Google Books]
Grandin, Temple. Animals in Translation (Using the Mysteries of Autism to Decode Animal Behavior). Harcourt, 2005. [Preview with Google Books]