Week Required Reading Additional Reading


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Buy at MIT Press Emanuel, Kerry. What We Know About Climate Change. MIT Press, 2018. ISBN: 9780262535915.

Alternatively: Emanuel, Kerry. "Climate Science, Risk & Solutions." Climate Primer.

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Modules 3 and 4 of Michael Mann's edX course

Zero-dimensional "rock-star" model of Earth's climate: simplEarth

Accurate computer model of the greenhouse effect (w/ movie): IntuitiveGreenhouse

Paper on the linearity of outgoing longwave (thermal) radiation: Koll and Cronin (2018)


Alley, Richard B., Jochem Marotzke, et al. "Abrupt climate change." Science 299, no. 5615 (2003): 2005–2010.

Zachos, James C., Gerald R. Dickens, and Richard E. Zeebe. "An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamics." Nature 451, no. 7176 (2008): 279–283.

Braconnot, Pascale, Sandy P. Harrison, et al. "Evaluation of climate models using palaeoclimatic data." Nature Climate Change 2, no. 6 (2012): 417–424.


Burke, K. D., J. W. Williams, et al. "Pliocene and Eocene provide best analogs for near-future climates." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115, no. 52 (2018): 13288–13293.

University of Chicago's interactive geologic carbon cycle model

Emanuel, Kerry, John Fernández, et al. "Two donors, two deaths, two responses." Guest column, The Tech, Sept. 19, 2019. 

Additional reading suggested by the guest speaker:


Schmittner, Andreas. "Processes." Chapter 6 in Introduction to Climate Science. 2018. 

Carbonbrief Q&A: How do climate models work?
Read the following sections:

  • What is a climate model?
  • What are the different types of climate models?
  • What are the inputs and outputs of a climate model?
  • What types of experiments to scientists run on climate models?
  • How do scientists validate climate models?
  • How are climate models “parameterized” and tuned?

Vallis, Geoffrey K. "Global warming and the ocean." Chapter 7 in Climate and the Oceans. Princeton University Press, 2012.

Website for The Climate Modelling Alliance (CliMA)


Haines, Andy, Markus Amann, et al. "Short-lived climate pollutant mitigation and the Sustainable Development Goals." Nature Climate Change 7, no. 12 (2017): 863–869.

Thompson, Tammy, Sebastian Rausch, Rebecca K. Saari, and Noelle E. Selin. "A systems approach to evaluating the air quality co-benefits of US carbon policies." Nature Climate Change 4, no. 10 (2014): 917–923.

Li, Mingwei, Da Zhang, et al. "Air quality co-benefits of carbon pricing in China." Nature Climate Change 8, no. 5 (2018): 398–403.


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Stevens, Bjorn, and Sandrine Bony. "What are climate models missing?" Science 340, no. 6136 (2013): 1053–1054.

Rolnick, David, Priya L. Donti, et al. "Tackling climate change with machine learning." arXiv preprint arXiv:1906.05433 (2019).

O'Gorman, Paul A., and John G. Dwyer. "Using machine learning to parameterize moist convection: Potential for modeling of climate, climate change, and extreme events." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 10, no. 10 (2018): 2548–2563.

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En-ROADS climate simulator

Flato, Gregory, Jochem Marotzke, et al. "Evaluation of climate models." In Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, pp. 741-866. Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Drake, Henri F., Tristan H. Abbott, and Megan Lickley. "Assessing Climate Model Projections of Anthropogenic Warming Patterns." 2019.

Zhu, Feng, Julien Emile-Geay, et al. "Climate models can correctly simulate the continuum of global-average temperature variability." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, no. 18 (2019): 8728–8733.


Socolow, Robert H., and Stephen W. Pacala. "A plan to keep carbon in check." Scientific American 295, no. 3 (2006): 50–57.

Stokes, Leah C., and Christopher Warshaw. "Renewable energy policy design and framing influence public support in the United States." Nature Energy 2, no. 8 (2017): 1–6.

Muyskens, John and Kevin Uhrmacher. "Where 2020 Democrats stand on climate change." The Washington Post, April 8, 2020.

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