[Cleveland] = Amazon logo Cleveland, William. A History of the Modern Middle East. 3rd ed. Westview Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780813340487.

1–2 Introduction and Dhimmi–tude

Amazon logo Emon, Anvar M. "Dhimmis, Sharia, and Empire." In Religious Pluralism and Islamic Law–Dhimmis and Others in the Empire of Law. Oxford University Press, 2012, pp. 33–76. ISBN: 9780199661633. [Preview with Google Books]

3–4 Ottoman Basics

[Cleveland] "The Rise of the Ottoman Empire," and "Ottoman Ruling Institutions and Attitudes." pp. 38–49.

Amazon logo Zilfi, Madeline. "Empire to Imperium." In Women and Slavery in the Late Ottoman Empire: The Design of Difference. Cambridge University Press, 2012, pp. 1–22. ISBN: 9781107411456. [Preview with Google Books]

5 Becoming and Maintaining Empire Amazon logo Barkey, Karen. "Maintaining Empire: An Expression of Tolerance." In Empire of Difference: The Ottomans in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 109–53. ISBN:9780521715331. [Preview with Google Books]
6 The Conquest of Arab Lands

Amazon logo Masters, Bruce. "The Limits of Tolerance: The Social Status of Non-Muslims in the Ottoman Arab lands." In Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism. Cambridge University Press, 2004, pp. 16–40. ISBN: 9780521005821. [Preview with Google Books]

Amazon logo Barkey, Karen. "Aspects of Legal Pluralism in the Ottoman Empire." In Legal Pluralism and Empires, 1500–1850. NYU Press, 2013. ISBN: 9780814708361. [Preview with Google Books]

7 Legal Pluralism No readings.
8–9 Early Modern Gender and Religion

Baer, Marc. "Islamic Conversion Narratives of Women: Social Change and Gendered Religious Hierarchy in Early Modern Ottoman Istanbul." Gender & History 16, no. 2 (2004): 425–58.

Semerdjian, Elyse. "Naked Anxiety: Bathhouses, Nudity, and The Dhimmī Woman In 18th–Century Aleppo." International Journal of Middle East Studies 45, no. 4 (2013): 651–76.

10 19th Century Disruption

[Cleveland] pp. 74–89.

Amazon logo Erdem, Hakan. "Do Not Think of the Greeks as Agricultural Labourers" Ottoman Responses to the Greek War of Independence." In Citizenship and the Nation State in Greece and Turkey. 1st ed. Editied by Faruk Birtek and Thalia Dragonas. Routledge, 2009. ISBN: 9780415543545. [Preview with Google Books]

"The Gülhane Decree" of 1839 (primary source reading)

"The Reform Edict of 1856" (primary source reading)

11 Reform Era

[Cleveland] "Abulhamid II." pp. 119–22.

[Cleveland] "Young Turk Revolution." pp. 133–43.

Amazon logo Campos, Michelle. Ottoman Brothers: Muslims, Christians and Jews in Early Twentieth Century Palestine. Stanford University Press, 2010, pp. 74–80. ISBN: 9780804770682. [Preview with Google Books]

12 The Armenian Genocide and the Historical Background

[Cleveland] "World War I and the End of the Ottoman Order." pp. 149–63.

Bloxham, Donald. "The Armenian Genocide of 1915–16: Cumulative Radicalization and the Development of a Destruction Policy." Past and Present 181, no. 1 (2003): 141–91.

13 WWI, the Armenian Genocide, the Arab Lands

Amazon logo Khalidi, Rashid. "Arab Nationalism in Syria: The Formative Years, 1908–1914." In Nationalism in a Non-National State, The Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Ohio State University Press, 1977. ISBN: 9780814201916.

Jacobson, Abigail. "Negotiating Ottomanism in Times of War: Jerusalem during World War I through the Eyes of a Local Muslim Resident." International Journal of Middle East Studies 40, no. 1 (2008): 69–88.

14 Ethnic Pluralism in Early Turkish Republic I

[Cleveland] "Authoritarian Reform in Turkey and Iran." pp. 175–92.

Chehabi, Houchang E. "Staging the Emperor's New Clothes: Dress Codes and Nation‐building under Reza Shah." Iranian Studies 26, no. 3–4 (1993): 209–33.

15 Ethnic Pluralism in Early Turkish Republic II

Ekmekcioglu, Lerna. "The Republic of Paradox: Post–war European Minorities Regime and the new Turkey's Step Citizens." International Journal of Middle East Studies 46, no. 3 (2014).

Bayraktar, Hatice. "The Anti–Jewish Pogrom in Eastern Thrace in 1934: New Evidence for the Responsibility of the Turkish Government." Patterns of Prejudice 40, no. 2 (2006): 95–111.

16–17 The Question of Cosmopolitanism

Mills, Amy. "The Place of Locality for Identity in the Nation: Minority Narratives of Cosmopolitan Istanbul." International Journal of Middle East Studies 40, no. 3 (2008): 383–401.

Erdentug, Aygen. "The 'Christmas Tree' and 'Santa Claus' on New Year's Eve in Turkey." Anthropology of the Middle East 4, no. 2 (2009): 14–33.

Hanley, Will. "Grieving Cosmopolitanism in Middle East Studies." History Compass 6, no. 5 (2008): 1346–67.

Minkin, Shane. "Simone's Funeral: Egyptian Lives, Jewish Deaths in Twenty–first–century Cairo." Rethinking History: The Journal of Theory an 16, no. 1 (2012): 71–89.

18 Ethnic Pluralism in Egypt Mahmood, Saba. "Sectarian Conflict and Family Law in Contemporary Egypt." American Ethnologist 39, no. 1 (2012): 54–62.
19–20 Ethnic Pluralism in Israel I (Past) Amazon logo Robinson, Shira. Selections from Citizen Strangers: Palestinians and the Birth of Israel's Liberal Settler State. Stanford University Press, 2013. ISBN: 9780804788007.
21–22 Ethnic Pluralism in Israel II (Present)

First Session

Amazon logo Shoat, Ella. "Sephardim in Israel: Zionism from the Standpoint of Its Jewish Victims." In Dangerous Liaisons: Gender, Nation, and Postcolonial Perspectives. 1st ed. University of Minnesota Press, 1997, pp. 39–66. ISBN: 9780816626496. [Preview with Google Books]

Amazon logo Gabriella, Djerrahian. "Diasporas Collide: Competing Holocausts, Imposed Whiteness, and the Seemingly Jewish Non–Jew Researcher In Israel." In Ethnographic Encounters in Israel: Politics and Ethnics of Fieldwork. Indiana University Press, 2013, pp. 112–32. ISBN: 9780253008619.

Second Session

Roginsky, Dina. "Nationalism and Ambivalence: Ethnicity, Gender and Folklore as Categories of Otherness." Patterns of Prejudice 40, no. 3 (2006): 237–58.

Plitnick, Mitchell, and Chris Toensing. ""The Israel Lobby." in Perspective." MERIP, no. 243.


Cavari, Amnon. "Religious Beliefs, Elite Polarization, and Public Opinion on Foreign Policy: The Partisan Gap in American Public Opinion toward Israel." International Journal of Public Opinion Research 25, no. 1 (2013): 1–22.

Reilly, Molly. "Chris Christie Apologizes For 'Occupied Territories' Remark, Says He 'Misspoke'." Huffington Post, March 30, 2014. 

23–24 Conclusions and Discussions of Student Papers No readings.