Related Resources

1 Introduction Linguistic Society of America, a site featuring essays about the various branches of linguistics
2–4 Morphology

Cross-linguistic onomatopoeias,

Derek Abbott's Animal Noise page

5–7 Phonetics (sounds of speech: production and perception)

The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

The International Phonetic Association

hmcnally. "The McGurk effect." July 3, 2006. YouTube. Accessed February 14, 2013.

"The McGurk Effect," demonstrated by Professor Patricia Kuhl.

Sammy, the Interactive Sagittal Section

Vocal Vowels: hollow plastic models of the human vocal tract turn the squawk of a duck call into vowel sounds

Audacity®, a freeware audio program that can make spectrograms (multiplatform: OS X, Windows, Linux)

Praat, a more specialized (free) multi-platform freeware program that can make spectrograms

8–12 Phonology (sounds of speech: their grammar) The Speech Accent Archive
23–24 Historical change

Ethnologue: Languages of the World, an encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world's 6,909 known living languages

Rosenfelder, Mark. "How Likely Are Chance Resemblances Between Languages?", 2002.

25–26 Dialects

Peter L. Patrick's links to linguistic resources

The Telsur Project, a survey of linguistic changes in progress in North American English