Readings by Topic


Gamut, L. T. F. Logic, Language, and Meaning. Vol. 1, Introduction to Logic. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1990, chapter 6, 6.1-6.8. ISBN: 978022628085.

Grice, H. P. "Logic and Conversations." William James Lectures, Harvard University, 1967. Typescript.

Fox, Danny. "Free Choice Disjunction and the Theory of Scalar Implicatures." Manuscript, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006.

Sauerland, Uli. "Scalar Implicatures in Complex Sentences." Linguistics and Philosophy 27, no. 3 (2004): 367-391.

Magri, Giorgio. "Individual Level Predicates and Blind Scalar Implicatures." Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006, chapter 1.

Questions and Exhaustivity

Groenendijk, Jeroen, and Martin Stokhof. "Semantic Analysis of Wh-Complements." Linguistics and Philosophy 5 (1982): 175-233.

Heim, Irene. "Interrogative Semantics and Karttunen's Semantics for Know." Edited by Buchalla, Rhonna, and Anita Mitwoch. Proceedings of the IATL 9th Annual Conference, 1994, pp. 128-144.

Hagstrom, Paul. "What Questions Mean." Glot International 7, no. 7/8 (September/October 2003): 188-201. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Beck, Sigrid, and Hotze Rullman. "A Flexible Approach to Exhaustivity in Questions." Natural Language Semantics 7 (1999): 249-298.

Sharvit, Yael. "Embedded Questions and 'De Dicto' Readings." Natural Language Semantics 10 (2002): 97-123.

Guerzoni, Elena, and Yael Sharvit. "A Question of Strength: On NPIs in Interrogative Clauses." Linguistics and Philosophy (2006). Forthcoming.

Fox, Danny, and Martin Hackl. "The Universal Density of Measurement." Linguistics and Philosophy 29, no. 5 (2006): 537-586.


Heim, Irene. "Presupposition Projection." Edited by R. van der Sandt. "Presupposition, Lexical Meaning and Discourse Processes: Workshop Reader." University of Nijmegen, 1990.

———. "On the Projection Problem for Presuppositions." Pragmatics: A Reader. Edited by Steven Davis. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780195058987.

Schlenker, Philippe. "Be Articulate! A Pragmatic Theory of Presupposition Projection." Manuscript, UCLA and Institut Jean-Nicod, 2006. To appear in Theoretical Linguistics (2008). (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Schwarz, Florian. "Processing Presupposed Content." Manuscript, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 2006. To appear in the Journal of Semantics.