Lec # Topics readings





General Discussion of Issues of Ethnic Identity

Buy at Amazon Barth, Frederik, ed. Ethnic Groups and Boundaries. Chicago, IL: Waveland Press, 1998, pp. 5-38. ISBN: 9780881339796.

Buy at Amazon Maalouf, Amin. In the Name of Identity: Violence and the Need to Belong. New York, NY: Penguin Books, 2003. ISBN: 9780142002575.

Section I: General Theory


Primordialist Approaches

Buy at Amazon Geertz, Clifford. "The Integrative Revolution: Primordial Sentiments and Civil Politics in the New States." In The Interpretation of Cultures. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2000, pp. 255-311. ISBN: 9780465097197.

Buy at Amazon Smith, Anthony. The Nation in History, Historiographical Debates About Ethnicity and Nationalism. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 2000, pp. 52-77. ISBN: 9781584650409.

Van Evera, Steve. "Primordialism Lives!" Comparative Politics Section Newsletter 12, no. 1 (Winter 2001): 20-22.

Buy at Amazon van der Dennen, John M. G. "Ethnocentrism and In-group/Out-group Differentiation: A Review and Interpretation of the Literature." In The Sociobiology of Ethnocentrism: Evolutionary Dimensions of Xenophobia . Edited by Vernon Reynolds, Vincent Fagler, and Ian Vine. New York, NY: Springe, 1986, pp. 1-47. ISBN: 9780709942221.


Constructivist Approaches I

Buy at Amazon Bhabha, Homi, ed. "Dissemination: Time, Narrative and the Margins of the Modern Nation." In Nation and Narration. London, UK: Routledge, 1990, pp. 291-322. ISBN: 9780415014830.

Chandra, Kanchan, ed. "Cumulative Findings in the Study of Ethnic Politics." Symposium in APSA-CP (Winter 2001). Essays by Chandra, Laitin, and Posner, Lijphart, Lustick, and Wilkinson.

Buy at Amazon Malkki, Liisa. Purity and Exile: Violence, Memory, and National Cosmology among Hutu Refugees in Tanzania. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780226502724.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. London, UK: Verso, 1983. ISBN: 0860917592. (Entire)


Constructivist Approaches II

Buy at Amazon Laitin, David. Hegemony and Culture. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1983, 1986. ISBN: 9780226467900.

Section II: Variables Driving Identity Construction



Buy at Amazon Gellner, Ernest. Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1983. ISBN: 9780801492631. (Entire)

Buy at Amazon Taylor, Charles. “Nationalism and Modernity.” In The State of the Nation: Ernest Gellner and the Theory of Nationalism. Edited by John A. Hall. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780521633666.



Buy at Amazon Brass, Paul. Theft of an Idol. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997, pp. 3-96. ISBN: 9780691026503.

Gagnon, V.P. "Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict: The Case of Serbia." International Security 19 (Winter 1995): 130-166.

Review Laitin.



Bates, Robert. “Ethnic Competition and Modernization in Contemporary Africa.” Comparative Political Studies (January 1974): 457-483.


Prejudice and Stigma

Buy at Amazon Sidanius, James. "The Psychology of Group Conflict and the Dynamics of Oppression: A Social Dominance Perspective." In Explorations in Political Psychology. Edited by Shanto Iyengar and William McGuire. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1993. ISBN: 9780822313243.

Buy at Amazon Sniderman, Paul, Pierangelo Peri, Rui J.P. de Figueiredo, Jr., and Thomas Piazza. The Outsider: Prejudice and Politics in Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780691048390.

Section III: Ethnic Group Mobilization as an Independent Variable


Party Politics and Consociationalism

Ordeshook, Peter, and Olga Shvetsova. "Ethnic Heterogeneity, District Magnitude, and the Number of Parties." American Journal of Political Science 38, no. 1 (February 1994): 100-123.

Buy at Amazon Tsebelis, George. "A Rational Choice Approach to Consociationalism." In Nested Games: Rational Choice in Comparative Politics. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1992, pp. 159-186. ISBN: 9780520067325.

Barry, Brian. "Review Article: Political Accommodation and Consociational Democracy." British Journal of Political Science 5 (October 1975): 477-505.

Buy at Amazon Brass, Paul. “Ethnic Conflict in Multiethnic Societies: The Consociational Solution and its Critics.” In Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and Comparison. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1991, pp. 333-348. ISBN: 9780803996953.


Democracy and Democratic Consolidation

Buy at Amazon Horowitz, Donald. A Democratic South Africa? Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780520073425.

Bardos, Gordon. “The Bosnian Cold War: Politics, Society, and International Engagement after Dayton.” The Harriman Review 11 (1999): 1-26.

Buy at Amazon Rabushka, Alvin, and Kenneth Shepsle. Politics in Plural Societies. Columbus, OH: Charles E Merrill, 1972, pp. 23-105. ISBN: 9780675091145.


Ethnic Mobilization and Civil War

Buy at Amazon Posen, Barry. "The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict." In Ethnic Conflict and International Security. Edited by Michael Brown. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993, pp. 103-124. ISBN: 9780691000688.

Buy at Amazon Kaufman, Stuart. Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001, pp. 1-47, and 165-201. ISBN: 9780801487361.

Buy at Amazon Hardin, Russell. One for All: The Logic of Group Conflict. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997, pp. 142-182. ISBN: 9780691048253.

Somer, Murat. “Cascades of Ethnic Polarization: Lessons from Yugoslavia. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 573, no. 1 (2001): 127-151.


Ethnic Riots

Buy at Amazon Horowitz, Donald. The Deadly Ethnic Riot. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2001, pp. 1-70. ISBN: 9780520224476.

Buy at Amazon Rudwick, Elliot. Race Riot in East Saint Louis, July 2, 1917. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1982, pp. 3-57. ISBN: 9780252009518.

Buy at Amazon Varshney, Ashutosh. Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780300085303.


Partition and Secession

Hayden, Robert. “Schindler's Fate: Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Population Transfers.” Slavic Review 55 (1996): 727-748.

Kauffman, Chaim. "Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars." International Security 20 (1996): 136-175.

Sambanis, Nicholas. "Partition as a Solution to Ethnic War: An Empirical Critique of the Theoretical Literature." World Politics 52 (July 2000): 437-83.