Derivatives (12 videos)

Linear Approximation/Newton's Method

The slope of a function y(x) is the slope of its TANGENT LINE
Close to x=a, the line with slope y ’ (a) gives a “linear” approximation

  y(x) is close to y(a) + (x - a) times y ’ (a)

If you want to solve y(x) = 0, choose x so that y(a) + (x - a) y ’ (a) = 0
This is a really fast way to get close to the exact solution to  y(x) = 0 :

  “Newton’s Method”      x = a - y(a)/y ‘(a)          SEE THE EXAMPLES

Professor Strang’s Calculus textbook (1st edition, 1991) is freely available here.

Subtitles are provided through the generous assistance of Jimmy Ren.

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