All assigned readings are available in the course reader. The main text for the class is:
von Hippel, Eric. Democratizing Innovation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005. ISBN: 0262002744.
Note that it is available free in electronic format from the MIT Press Web site, for reproduction for non-commercial purposes with proper attribution.
|1||Introduction and Overview||von Hippel, Eric. Chapters 2 and 3 in Democratizing Innovation.|
|2||Many Users Innovate: Maybe Even You!||von Hippel, Eric. Chapters 2 and 3 in Democratizing Innovation.|
|3||Innovate or Buy? Each User has a Low-cost Innovation Niche||von Hippel, Eric. Chapters 4 and 5 in Democratizing Innovation.|
|4||Dr. Nat Sims, Medical User-Innovator|
|5||How Open Source Software Works|| Raymond, Eric. The Cathedral and the Bazaar. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Press, 1999, pp. 27-78. ISBN: 0596001088. (The chapters in this book are not numbered - but the one assigned here is entitled "The Cathedral and the Bazaar.") |
"Why Hackers Do What They Do: Understanding Effort and Motivation in Open Source Projects." (PDF)
|6||User Innovation Communities||von Hippel, Eric. Chapter 7 in Democratizing Innovation. |
Mollick, E. "Innovations from the Underground: Towards a Theory of Parasitic Innovation." Master's Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004.
|7||Why Users Often Freely Reveal Their Innovations||von Hippel, Eric. Chapter 6 in Democratizing Innovation. |
von Hippel, Eric. "Cooperation Between Rivals: Informal Know-How Trading." Research Policy (1987): 291-302.
|8||How Can Manufacturers Make Money if Users are the Innovators?||von Hippel, Eric. Chapters 8 and 9 in Democratizing Innovation. |
Raymond, Eric. The Cathedral and the Bazaar. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Press, 1999, pp. 137-193. ISBN: 0596001088. (The chapters in this book are not numbered - but the one assigned here is entitled "The Magic Cauldron.")
|9||Finding Lead User Innovations and Giving Customers Toolkits||von Hippel, Eric. Chapters 10 and 11 in Democratizing Innovation.|
|10||How Manufacturers Can Benefit from Distributed Innovation: The Story of InnoCentive||Please go to the Web site Innocentive to browse. Learn about what the firm does, what its business model is, and read case examples.|
|11||Design and Manufacture of "Mass Customized" Products||Zipkin, Paul. "The Limits of Mass Customization." Sloan Management Review 42, no. 3 (Spring 2001): 81-87. |
Thomke, Stefan, and Eric von Hippel. "Customers as Innovators: A New Way to Create Value." Harvard Business Review 80, no. 4 (April 2002): 74-81.
|12||Resistance to Innovation is the Norm: Things will Change - But Slowly, If Incumbents have a Choice!|| Morrison, Elting. "Gunfire at Sea." Chapter 2 in Men, Machines and Modern Times. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. ISBN: 0262630184. |
Henderson, Rebecca M., and Kim B. Clark. "Architectural Innovation: The Reconfiguration of Existing Product Technologies and the Failure of Established Firms." Administrative Science Quarterly 35, (1990): 9-30.