Lecture Notes

ses #TOPICSdiscussion topics
1Introduction to Downtown Management Organizations

What is "downtown" and why is it important?

How has the function and perception of downtown changed over time?

What is a downtown management organization?


The Dominance and Decline of Downtown

Guest speaker: Robert Fogelson, Professor of Urban Studies and History, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

When and why were downtowns dominant?

How and why have downtowns experienced decline?

How have scholars, politicians, and business leaders and property owners combated and contributed to the concept of decline?

3The Revitalization of Downtown 
4An Introduction to Business Improvement Districts

How have scholars, politicians, and downtown business leaders and property owners worked to change the reality of downtown?

How have they worked to change its perception?

What is a business improvement district (BID)?

How are BIDs formed? How are they governed?

Which functions do BIDs typically perform?

5Business Improvement Districts (cont.) 

BIDs in New York City

Guest speaker: Susan Fainstein, Professor of Urban Planning, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University

Based on empirical evidence, do BIDs work?

Are BIDs controversial? If so, when and why?


Pennsylvania's Enabling Legislation

Guest speaker: David Cohen, Director of Development, North Philadelphia Health System; Former Executive Director of the City Avenue Special Services District in Philadelphia

How and why did Pennsylvania's enabling legislation evolve?

What are the challenges associated with creating a bi-jurisdictional BID?

What should business leaders and property owners with an interest in forming a BID know and expect about the process?


Massachusetts' Enabling Legislation

Guest speaker: Anne Meyers, President of the Downtown Crossing Association, Boston, Massachusetts

How and why is Massachusetts' BID enabling legislation unique?


Why and from whom have efforts to form a BID for Downtown Crossing experienced resistance?


A Regional Approach to Downtown Management

Guest speakers: Chris Leinberger, Professor of Practice and Director of the Graduate Real Estate Development Program, University of Michigan, and Visiting Fellow, Brookings; Jerry Johnson, Co-Director of the Initiative for a Competitive Greater Reading

What are the particular challenges/opportunities of revitalizing the smaller downtown?

Why is a regional approach to downtown revitalization important?

In what ways does a regional approach differ from a localized approach?

10A Global Perspective on DMOsStudents work on group project and conduct field research.
11A Global Perspective on DMOs (cont.)

Why and where did the BID model transfer?

How and why does the BID model vary across national contexts?


Discussion of Group Project

Guest speaker: Jeffrey Hebert, DUSP/MCP '04, Louisiana Recovery Authority

Students work on group project, time permitting.
13Work on Group ProjectStudents work on group project.
15Final Class 

Sample Lecture Notes

The table below contains sample lecture notes from 2003 which may be of use.

1Introduction to the Course (PDF)

Canada (PDF)

The Origins of the BID Movement (PDF)

3United States (PDF)
4The Advancement of the BID Movement (PDF)
5Crossing the Ocean (PDF)
6Findings from Lectures 1 through 5 (PDF)
7Guest Speaker, Jerry Mitchell (PDF)

Which Nations Will Soon Adopt the BID Concept? (PDF)

Australia/New Zealand (PDF)

Japan (PDF)

United Kingdom (PDF)