11.308J | Fall 2012 | Graduate
Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design
Readings

Further Reading

SES # TOPICS READINGS
1 Ideas of Nature and City Design and Development

Williams, Raymond. Keywords. Flamingo, 1983. ISBN: 9780006540212.

Buy at MIT Press Lynch, Kevin. “Urban Design”, and “City Design: What It Is and How It Might Be Taught.” In City Sense and City Design. Edited by Banerjee and Southworth. MIT Press, 1990. ISBN: 9780262121439. [Preview with Google Books]

Cronon, William. “A Place for Stories: Nature, History, and Narrative.” Journal of American History 78, no. 4 (1992): 1347–76.

Cronon, William, ed. Uncommon Ground: Toward Rethinking the Human Place in Nature. W. W. Norton & Company, 1996. ISBN: 978-0393315110.

White, Richard. The Organic Machine: Remaking of the Columbia River. Hill and Wang, 1996. ISBN : 9780809015832.

Spirn, Anne Whiston. “The Authority of Nature: Conflict, Confusion, and Renewal in Design, Planning, and Ecology.” In Ecology and Design: Frameworks For Learning. Edited by Bart Johnson and Kristina Hill. Island Press, 2001. ISBN : 9781559638135. [Preview with Google Books]

Botkin, Daniel. Discordant Harmonies: A New Ecology for the Twenty-first Century. Oxford University Press, 1990. ISBN: 9780195054910.

Golley, Frank. A History of the Ecosystem Concept in Ecology: More than the Sum of the Parts. Yale University Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780300066425.

Worster, Donald. Nature’s Economy: The Roots of Ecology. Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1979. ISBN: 9780385143455.

Olwig, Kenneth. Nature’s Ideological Landscape. George Allen and Unwin, 1984.

Glacken, Clarence. Traces on the Rhodian Shore: Nature and Culture in Western Thought from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century. University of California Press, 1967. ISBN: 9780520032163. [Preview with Google Books]

Mitman, Gregg. The State of Nature: Ecology, Community and American Social Thought, 1900-1950. University Of Chicago Press, 1992. ISBN: 9780226532370.

Groenig, Gert, and Joachim Wolshke-Bulmahn. “Some Notes on the Mania for Native Plants in Germany.” Landscape Journal 11 (1992): 116–22.

Williams, Raymond. The Country and the City. Oxford, 1973. ISBN: 9780701113711.

Thomas, W. L., ed. Man’s Role in Changing the Face of the Earth. University Of Chicago Press, 1956. ISBN: 9780226796031.

Melosi, Martin. The Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780801861529.

Tarr, Joel. Infrastructure and Urban Growth in the Nineteenth Century. Public Works Historical Society, 1985.

Buy at MIT Press Seasholes, Nancy. Gaining Ground: A History of Landmaking in Boston. MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 9780262194945. [Preview with Google Books]

Cronon, William. Nature’s Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West. W. W. Norton & Company, 1991. ISBN: 9780393029215.

Hurley, Andrew, ed. Common Fields: An Environmental History of St. Louis. Missouri History Museum Press, 1997. ISBN: 9781883982157. [Preview with Google Books]

Davis, Mike. Ecology of Fear: Los Angeles and the Imagination of Disaster. New York Metropolitan Books / Henry Holt and Company, 1998.

Klingle, Matthew. Emerald City: An Environmental History of Seattle. Yale University Press, 2007. ISBN: 9780300116410.

2 Urban Nature and City Design: Practice, Theory, and Tradition I

Beatley, Timothy. Biophilic Cities: Integrating Nature into Urban Design and Planning. Island Press, 2010. ISBN: 9781597267151. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at MIT Press Gandy, Matthew. Concrete and Clay: Reworking Nature in New York City. MIT Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780262072243.

Hough, Michael. Cities and Natural Process. Routledge, 1995. ISBN: 9780415121989.

Buy at MIT Press Hester, Randolph T. Design for Ecological Democracy. MIT Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780262083515.

Hill, Kristina. “Urban Ecological Design and Urban Ecology.” In Cities of the Future: Towards Integrated Sustainable Water and Landscape Management. Edited by Vladimir Novotny, and Paul Brown. IWA Publishing, 2007. ISBN: 9781843391364.

Meyer, Elizabeth. “Sustaining Beauty. The Performance of Appearance.” Journal of Landscape Architecture 3, no. 1 (2008): 6-23.

Spirn, Anne Whiston. “The Poetics of City and Nature: Toward a New Aesthetic For Urban Design.” Landscape Journal 7, no. 2 (1988): 108–26.

———. “Reclaiming Common Ground: Water, Neighborhoods, and Public Spaces.” In The American Planning Tradition: Culture and Policy. Edited by Robert Fishman. Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780943875965. [Preview with Google Books]

———. “Urban Nature and Human Design: Renewing the Great Tradition.” In Classic Readings in Urban Planning: An Introduction. Edited by Jay Stein. McGraw-Hill, 1995. ISBN: 9780070611382.

Creese, Walter. Search for Environment. Yale University Press, 1966. ISBN: 9780300003871.

Marsh, George Perkins. Man and Nature: Or Physical Geography As Modified By Human Action (1864). Kessinger Publishing, 1864. ISBN: 9781164461555. [Preview with Google Books]

Sutton, S. B., ed. Civilizing American Cities: Selection of Olmsted’s Writings on City Landscapes. MIT Press, 1971. ISBN: 9780262190701.

Spirn, Anne Whiston. “Constructing Nature: The Legacy of Frederick Law Olmsted.” In Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature. Edited by William Cronon. W. W. Norton & Company, 1995, pp. 91–113. ISBN: 9780393038729.

Geddes, Patrick. Cities in Evolution: An Introduction to the Town Planning Movement and to the Study of Civics. University of Michigan Library, 1915.

Mumford, Lewis. The Urban Prospect. Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968. ISBN: 9780151931903.

McHarg, Ian. Design with Nature. Published for the American Museum of Natural, 1969.

WMRT, Comprehensive Plan for Sanibel, Florida (1974).

Juneja, Narendra, and Spirn. "Environmental Resources of the Toronto Central Waterfront." (PDF - 27.2MB) Wallace Mcharg Roberts & Todd, 1976.

Lynch, Kevin. Good City Form. MIT Press, 1981. ISBN: 9780262120852.

Spirn, Anne Whiston. “The Authority of Nature.” In Nature and Ideology: Nature and Garden Design in the Twentieth Century. Edited by Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1997. ISBN: 9780884022466. [Preview with Google Books]

3 Urban Nature and City Design: “The Power of Example”

Philadelphia Water Department, Stormwater Management Guidance Manual, Version 2.1 (2011)

Spirn, Anne Whiston, and Daniel Marcucci. "Models of Success: Landscape Improvements and Community Development." (PDF - 1.56MB) The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan, 1991.

Schön, Donald. The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action. Basic Books, 1983.

Fogelson, Robert. The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles, 1850-1930. University of California Press, 1993. ISBN: 9780520082304. [Preview with Google Books]

Davis, Mike. Ecology of Fear: Los Angeles and the Imagination of Disaster. New York Metropolitan Books / Henry Holt and Company, 1998.

Buy at MIT Press Hayden, Dolores. The Power of Place: Urban Landscape as Public History. MIT Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780262082372.

Vale, Lawrence, and Thomas Campanella, eds. The Resilient City: How Modern Cities Recover from Disaster. Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780195175837.

Meyer, Elizabeth. “Sustaining Beauty. The Performance of Appearance.” Journal of Landscape Architecture 3, no. 1 (2008): 6–23.

Spirn, Anne Whiston. “Constructing Nature: The Legacy of Frederick Law Olmsted.” In Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature. Edited by William Cronon. W. W. Norton & Company, 1995, pp. 91–113. ISBN: 9780393038729.

Fein, Albert. Landscape into Cityscape: Frederick Law Olmsted’s Plans for a Greater New York City. Cornell University Press, 1968. ISBN: 9780801401251.

Baxter, Sylvester, Charles, Eliot. “Report of the Secretary.” and “Report of the Landscape Architect.” Report of the Board of Metropolitan Park Commissioners. University of Michigan Library. 1893.

Nolen, John. City Planning. D. Appleton, 1916.

Hubbard, Theodora Kimball, and Henry Vincent Hubbard. Our Cities To-Day and To-Morrow : A Survey of Planning and Zoning Progress in the United States. Harvard University Press, 1929.

Spirn, Anne Whiston. “McHarg, Ian, Environmentalism, and Landscape Architecture: Ideas and Methods in Context.” In Environmentalism in Landscape Architecture. Edited by Michel Conan. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 2001, pp. 97–114. ISBN: 9780884022787.

McHarg, Ian. Design with Nature. Published for the American Museum of Natural, 1969.

4 Urban Nature and City Design: Practice, Theory, and Tradition II

Spirn, Anne Whiston. Language of Landscape. Yale University Press, 1998.

———. “Reclaiming Common Ground: Water, Neighborhoods, and Public Spaces.” In The American Planning Tradition: Culture and Policy. Edited by Robert Fishman. Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780943875965. [Preview with Google Books]

Spirn, Anne Whiston, and Michele Pollio. "Vacant land: A Resource for Reshaping Urban Neighborhoods." (PDF) The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan, 1991.

Spirn, Anne Whiston, and Pollio. "This Garden Is a Town." (PDF - 1.63MB) The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan, 1990)

Spirn, Anne Whiston, and Mark Campbell. "Shaping the Block: Redesinging the Small Urban Neighborhoods." (PDF - 3.06MB) The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan, 1991.

Spirn, Anne Whiston, and Daniel Marcucci. "Models of Success: Landscape Improvements and Community Development." (PDF - 1.56MB) The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan, 1991.

Spirn, Anne Whiston, and Robert Cheetham. "The Digital Database: Atlas and Guide." (PDF) The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan, 1996.

Buy at MIT Press Hester, Randolph T. Design for Ecological Democracy. MIT Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780262083515.

McHarg, Ian. "An Ecological Method for Landscape Architecture." (PDF - 1.23MB) Landscape Architecture (1967).

Buy at MIT Press Lynch, Kevin. “Environmental Adaptability (1958).” In City Sense and City Design: Writings and Projects of Kevin Lynch. Edited by Banerjee and Southworth. MIT Press, 1990. ISBN: 9780262121439. [Preview with Google Books]

Lynch, Kevin. Good City Form. MIT Press, 1981. ISBN: 9780262120852.

Jakle, John, and David Wilson. Derelict Landscapes: The Wasting of America’s Built Environment. Rowman and Littlefield Publication, 1992. ISBN: 9780847677368.

Bryant, Bunyan, ed. Environmental Justice: Issues, Policies, and Solutions. Island, 1995. ISBN: 9781559634175.

Warner, Sam Bass. To Dwell Is To Garden: A History Of Boston’s Community Gardens. Northeastern, 1987. ISBN: 9781555530075.

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6 Earth and Water

Leveson, David. Geology and the Urban Environment. Oxford University Press, 1980. ISBN: 9780195025781.

Leggett, R. F. Cities and Geology. McGraw-Hill, 1973. ISBN: 9780070370623.

Craul, Philip. Urban Soils in Landscape Design. Wiley, 1992. ISBN: 9780471805984. [Preview with Google Books]

Davis, Mike. Ecology of Fear: Los Angeles and the Imagination of Disaster. New York Metropolitan Books / Henry Holt and Company, 1998.

National Research Council. Urban Stormwater Management in the United States. National Academies Press, 2009.

Wescoat, James. “Waterscapes and Water-conserving Design.” LA!: Journal of Indian Landscape Architecture (2009).

Dreiseitl, Herbert, and Dieter Grau, eds. New Waterscapes: Planning, Building and Designing with Water. Birkhäuser, 2005. ISBN: 9783764372453.

Novotny, Vladimir, Jack Ahern, and Paul Brown. Water-centric Sustainable Communities: Planning, Retrofitting and Building the Next Urban Environment. Wiley, 2010. ISBN: 9780470476086. [Preview with Google Books]

Weiskel, Peter, et al. Water Resources and the Urban Environment, Lower Charles River Watershed, Massachusetts, 1630-2005. Geological Survey (USGS) Circular 1280, 2005. ISBN: 9780607968743. [Preview with Google Books]

Hedeen, Stanley. The Mill Creek: An Unnatural History of an Urban Stream. Rivers Unlimited Mill Creek, 1995. ISBN: 9780964343603.

Marchione, William. The Charles: A River Transformed. Arcadia Publication, 1998. ISBN: 9780752408279.

Crouch, Dora. Water Management in Ancient Greek Cities. Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN: 9780195072808.

Blake, Nelson Manfred. Water for the Cities: A History of the Urban Water Supply Problem in the United States. Syracuse University Press, 1956.

Juneja, Narendra, and Anne Whiston Spirn. "Environmental Resources of the Toronto Central Waterfront." (PDF- 27.2MB) Wallace, Mcharg, Roberts and Todd, 1976.

Spirn, Anne Whiston. "Woodlands New Community: Guidelines for Site Planning." (PDF) Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd, 1973.

Brown, Alan Berger Casey. “A New Systemic Nature for Mussolini’s Landscape Urbanism.” VIA: DIRT (2009): 27–36.

Mathur, Anuradha, and Dilip da Cunha. Soak: Mumbai in an Estuary. Rupa Company, 2009. ISBN: 9788129114808.

7 Air and the Urban Biome

Landsberg, Helmut. The Urban Climate. Academic Press, 1981. ISBN: 9780123994639. [Preview with Google Books]

Givoni, B. Man, Climate, and Architecture. Elsevier Science Limited, 1976. ISBN: 9780853346784.

Spirn, Anne Whiston. "Air Quality at Street-Level: Strategies for Urban Design." (PDF - 3.06MB) Harvard Graduate School of Design, 1986.

Trefil, James. A Scientist in the City. Doubleday and Company, 1994.

Anderson, Edgar. Landscape Papers. Turtle Island Foundation, 1976. ISBN: 9780913666111.

Boston Redevelopment Authority, Boston Urban Wilds (1976).

Olmsted, Frederick Law, and J. B. Harrison. “Observations on the Treatment of Public Plantations, More Especially Related to the Uses of the Axe.” In Forty Years of Landscape Architecture: Central Park. Edited by F. L. Olmsted, and Theodora Kimball. MIT Press, 1973. ISBN: 9780262650069.

Page, Max. “Uses of the Axe.” In The Creative Destruction of Manhattan, 1900-1940.. University Of Chicago Press, 2000, pp. 177–215. ISBN: 9780226644684.

Adams, C. E., and K. J. Lindsey. Urban Wildlife Management. CRC Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780849396458.

Davis, Mike. Ecology of Fear: Los Angeles and the Imagination of Disaster. Metropolitan Books, 1998. ISBN: 9780805051063.

Platt, R. H., and R. A. Rowntree. The Ecological City: Preserving and Restoring Urban Biodiversity. Edited by R. H. Platt, R. A. Rowntree, and P. C. Muick. University of Massachusetts Press, 1994. ISBN: 9780870238840. [Preview with Google Books]

Lynch, Kevin. Wasting Away. Sierra Club Books, 1990.

Nicholson-Lord, David. The Greening of the Cities. Routledge & Kegan Paul PLC, 1987. ISBN: 9780710213112.

Lyle, John. Regenerative Design for Sustainable Development. John Wiley, 1994. ISBN: 9780471555827.

Hough, Michael. Cities and Natural Process. Routledge, 1995. ISBN: 9780415121989.

Todd, Nancy Jack, and John Todd. From Eco-Cities to Living Machines. North Atlantic Books, 1994. ISBN: 9781556431500.

Roseland, Mark, ed. Eco-City Dimensions: Healthy Communities Healthy Planet. New Society Publication, 1997. ISBN: 9780865713529.

Tree People of Los Angeles website.

8 Presentations and Discussion No Readings
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13 Reflections: Lessons for Cities

Kingdon, John W. Agendas, Alernatives, and Public Policies. Harpercollins College Div, 1995.

Spirn, Anne Whiston, and Daniel Marcucci. "Models of Success: Landscape Improvements and Community Development." (PDF - 1.56MB) The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan, 1991.

Course Info
As Taught In
Fall 2012
Level
Learning Resource Types
assignment_turned_in Written Assignments with Examples