17.584 | Spring 2003 | Graduate
Civil-Military Relations

Readings

Readings are also listed by session.

Texts Available for Purchase

Desch, Michael. Civilian Control of the Military: The Changing Security Environment. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780801860591.

Cohen, Eliot. Supreme Command: Soldiers, Statesmen, and Leadership in Wartime. New York, NY: Free Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780743230490.

Buy at MIT Press Feaver, Peter, and Richard H. Kohn. Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780262561426.

Stepan, Alfred. Rethinking Military Politics: Brazil and the Southern Cone. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988. ISBN: 9780691022741.

Hunter, Wendy. Eroding Military Influence in Brazil: Politicians Against Soldiers. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. ISBN: 9780807846209.

Katzenstein, Peter. Cultural Norms and National Security. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780801432606.

Readings by Session

Lec # Topics Readings
1 Introductory Class  
2 General Issues I

Desch, Michael. Civilian Control of the Military: The Changing Security Environment. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780801860591.

Lasswell, Harold. “The Garrison State.” The American Journal of Sociology 46 (1941): 455-468.

———. “The Garrison-State Hypothesis Today.” In Changing Patterns of Military Politics. Edited by Samuel Huntington. New York, NY: Free Press of Glencoe, 1962, pp. 51-70.

Friedburg, Aaron. “Why Didn’t the United States Become a Garrison State?” International Security 16, no. 4 (1992): 109-137.

3 General Issues II

Huntington, Samuel. The Soldier and the State. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 2007, chapters 1-3, pp. 7-79. ISBN: 9780674817364.

———. “Reforming Civil-Military Relations.” In Civil-Military Relations and Democracy. Edited by Lary Diamond, and Marc Plattner. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 1996, pp. 3-11. ISBN: 9780801855368.

Finer, S. E. The Man on Horseback: The Role of the Military in Politics. 2nd, enlarged ed., rev., and updated. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1988, chapter 13, pp. 223-297. ISBN: 9780813305769.

Cohen, Eliot. Supreme Command: Solidiers, Statesmen, and Leadership in Wartime. New York, NY: Free Press, 2002. ISBN: 0743230493. (Selected chapters)

Feaver, Peter. “The Civil-Military Problematique: Huntington, Janowitz, and the Question of Civilian Control.” Armed Forces and Society 23 (Winter 1996): 149-178.

Cases
4 The United States Buy at MIT Press Feaver, Peter, and Richard H. Kohn. Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001, introduction, chapters 1, 2, 5, 8, and 13. ISBN: 9780262561426.
5

The Soviet Union I

The Case of the Great Purge

The Soviet Union I

Kolkowicz, Roman. “Toward a Theory of Civil-Military Relations in Communist (Hegemonial) Systems.” In Soldiers, Peasants, Bureaucrats. London, UK: Allen and Unwin, 1982, pp. 231-251. ISBN: 9780043220078.

———. The Soviet Military and the Communist Party. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967, chapters 2, 4, and 10, pp. 11-35, 81-98, and 322-349.

Colton, Timothy. Commissars, Commanders, and Civilian Authority: The Structure of Soviet Military Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1979, chapters 10-12, pp. 221-289. ISBN: 9780674145351.

The Case of the Great Purge

Reese, Roger. “The Red Army and the Great Purges.” In Stalinist Terror: New Perspectives. Edited by J. Arch Getty, and Roberta T. Manning. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN: 9780521446709.

Watt, Donald. “Who Plotted Against Whom? Stalin’s Purge of the Soviet High Command Revisited.” Soviet Military Studies 3, no. 1: 46-65.

Main, Steven. “The Red Army and the Soviet Military and Political Leadership in the Late 1920’s: The Case of the ‘Inner-Army Opposition of 1928.” Europe-Asia Studies 47 (March 1995): 337-355.

6 The Soviet Union II - Transition, Attempted Coup, and the Post-Soviet Military

Meyer, Stephen. “How the Threat (and the coup) Collapsed: The Politicization of the Soviet Military.” International Security 16, no. 3 (Winter 1991/92): 5-38.

Holloway, David. “State, Society, and the Military under Gorbachev” International Security 14, no. 3 (Winter 1989/90): 5-24.

Mendeloff, David. “Explaining Russian Military Quiescence: The ‘Paradox of Disintegration’ and the Myth of a Military Coup.” Communist and Post-Communist Studies 27, no. 3 (1994): 225-246.

Lepingwell, John. “Soviet Civil-Military Relations and the August Coup.” World Politics 44 (1992): 539-72.

———. “The Russian Military in the 1990’s: Disintegration or Renewal?” In Russia’s Future: Consolidation or Disintegration? Edited by Douglas W. Blum. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994. ISBN: 9780813322025.

Blank, Stephen. “The Great Exception: Russian Civil-Military Relations.” World Affairs 165 (2002): 91-105.

7 Latin America I

Sigmund, Paul. “Approaches to the Study of the Military in Latin America.” Comparative Politics 26 (1993): 111-122.

Rouquie, Alain. “Demilitarization and the Institutionalization of Military-dominated Polities in Latin America.” In Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Prospects for Democracy. Edited by Guillermo O’Donnell, Phillippe C. Schmitter, and Lawrence Whitehead. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 1986. ISBN: 9780801826849.

Stepan, Alfred. Rethinking Military Politics: Brazil and the Southern Cone. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988. ISBN: 9780691022741.

Loveman, Brian, and Thomas Davies, Jr., eds. “Instability, Violence, and the Age of the Caudillos.” In The Politics of Anti-Politics: The Military in Latin America. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1997, pp. 15-28. ISBN: 9780842026116.

8 Latin America II

Loveman, Brian, and Thomas Davies, Jr., eds. “Protected Democracies: Antipolitics and the Political Transitions in Latin America.” In The Politics of Anti-Politics: The Military in Latin America. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1997, pp. 366-423. ISBN: 9780842026116.

Valenzuela, Samuel. “Democratic Consolidation in Post-Transitional Settings: Notion, Process, and Facilitating Conditions.” In Issues in Democratic Consolidation: The New South American Democracies in Comparative Perspective. Edited by Scott Mainwaring, et al. South Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1992, pp. 57-104. ISBN: 9780268012113.

Hunter, Wendy. Eroding Military Influence in Brazil: Politicians Against Soldiers. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. ISBN: 9780807846209.

9 Turkey and Pakistan

Rustow, Dankwart. “The Army and the Founding of the Turkish Republic.” World Politics 11 (1959): 511-552.

Rizvi, Hasan-Askari. “The Military and Politics in Pakistan.” Journal of Asian and African Studies 26 (1991): 27-42.

Heper, Metin, and Aylin Guney. “The Military and Democracy in the Third Turkish Republic.” Armed Forces and Society 22 (1996): 619-642.

Sakallioglu, Umit Cizre. “The Anatomy of the Turkish Military’s Political Autonomy.” Comparative Politics (1997): 151-166.

Cohen, Stephen. The Pakistan Army. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1984, chapters 2, and 5. ISBN: 9780520049826.

10 Japan (Prof. Richard Samuels to lead the class)

Katzenstein, Peter. Cultural Norms and National Security. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780801432606.

Watanabe, Tsuneo. “The Bankruptcy of Civil-Military Relations in Japan.” NIRA Review (Summer 1996).

Berger, Thomas. “From Sword to Chrysanthemum: Japan’s Culture of Anti-Militarism.” International Security 17, no. 4.

11 Africa Jackman, Robert, Rosemary O’Kane, Thomas Johnson, Pat McGowan, and Robert Slater. “Explaining African Coup d’Etat.” American Political Science Review 80 (1986): 225-250.
12 The Military in Multiethnic States

Enloe, Cynthia. Ethnic Soldiers. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1982, chapters 1, 5, and 6. ISBN: 9780820305073.

Horowitz, Donald. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1985, chapters 11, 12, and 13. ISBN: 9780520053854.

Petersen, Roger. “The Organization of the Military in Multiethnic States.” (Unpublished manuscript)

Peled, Alon. A Question of Loyalty: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998, preface, and chapter 1. ISBN: 9780801432392.

13 The Military and Social Change I

Janowitz, Morris. “Military Service as Civic Education.” Chapter 3 in The Reconstruction of Patriotism. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1985, pp. 43-72. ISBN: 9780226393056.

van Doorn, Jacques. “The Decline of the Mass Army.” Chapter 3 in The Soldier and Social Change. London: Sage Publications, 1976, pp. 51-64. ISBN: 9780803999480.

Cohen, Eliot. Citizens and Soldiers: The Dilemmas of Military Service. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985, chapters 5-9, pp. 117-189. ISBN: 9780801415814.

14 The Military and Social Change II

Goldstein, Joshua. War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 2001, introduction, chapters 1, and 7. ISBN: 9780521807166.

Moskos, Charles, John Allen Williams, and David Segal. The Postmodern Military: Armed Forces after the Cold War. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1999, chapters 1, 2, and 14. ISBN: 9780195133295.

Buy at MIT Press Miller, Laura, and John Allen Williams. “Do Military Policies on Gender and Sexuality Undermine Combat Effectiveness?” In Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security_._ Edited by Peter Feaver, and Richard H. Kohn. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001, pp. 361-402. ISBN: 9780262561426.

Course Info
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Spring 2003
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