The assigned readings are from the course textbook:
Fonstad, Clifton. Microelectronic Devices and Circuits, 2006 Electronic Edition. Available online at DSpace@MIT.
Abbreviations
TE = thermal equilibrium
MOS = metal-on-silicon
MOSFET = metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor
BJT = bipolar junction transistor
CMOS = complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor
CS = common source
OCTC = open circuit time constant
LEC # | TOPICS | READINGS |
---|---|---|
1 | Introduction to semiconductors, doping, generation/recombination, TE carrier concentrations. Carrier dynamics and transport: drift. | Chapter 1; Chapter 2; Section 3.1 |
2 | Excess populations and minimum carrier lifetime, photoconductivity. Non-uniform concentrations and diffusion. Fick’s first and second laws. | Chapter 3; Section 4.1 |
3 | The five basic equations. Device structures in TE: carriers and electrostatic potential; the 60 mV rule. Poisson’s equation (PE). | Sections 4.2 and 4.3; Chapter 6 |
4 | P-n junctions in thermal equilibrium and under reverse bias, the depletion approximation (DA), comparison to PE solution. | Sections 7.1 and 7.2 |
5 | Review reverse biased junctions. Consider forward bias and the special case of minority carrier injection into quasineutral regions. | Section 5.1 |
6 | Forward biased p-n junctions: carrier injection, i-v characteristics (ideal and real; forward and reverse). Engineering carrier injection. | Section 7.3 |
7 | Bipolar junction transistors: two coupled diodes, terminal characteristics, regions of operation | Section 8.1 |
8 | Solar cells and LEDs (light emitting diodes). | Sections 7.5 and 7.6 |
9 | MOS capacitors: the DA applied to two-terminal MOS capacitor accumulation, depletion, and inversion; V_{FB}, V_{T}, Q_{A}, and Q_{N} | Sections 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, and 9.4 |
10 | The three-terminal MOS capacitor. MOSFETs: begin gradual channel approximation (GCA) using DA and ignoring subthreshold carriers. | Sections 9.3 and 9.4; Section 10.1.1 (a) |
11 | Complete GC/DA model for i_{DS}: saturation, channel length modulation. Output characteristics; regions of operation. | Section 10.1.1 (a) |
12 | Subthreshold operation of MOSFETs. Development of model; compare to full numerical solution. Compare to/contrast with BJTs. | |
13 | Linear equivalent circuits for MOSFETs and BJTs at low and high frequency; transconductance of subthreshold MOSFETs. | Section 10.1.2 (a) and (c) |
14 | Logic inverter basics. Introduction to CMOS: transfer characteristics, noise margins, optimal device sizing. | Section 15.1 |
15 | CMOS analysis, continued: switching delays, power dissipation, speed/power trade-offs. | Section 15.2.4 |
16 | CMOS analysis, continued: subthreshold leakage, scaling rules, and where it is all going. | |
17 | Linear amplifier basics: performance metrics, current source biasing, current mirrors, mid-band range, two-port representation. | Sections 11.1 and 11.2 |
18 | Single-transistor building block stages: common-source, common-gate, and common-drain (follower) stages; characteristics and features. | Section 11.4 |
19 | Differential amplifiers: large signal transfer characteristics; small signal analysis using common- and difference-mode inputs. | Sections 12.1, 12.2, and 12.3 |
20 | Multi-stage amplifiers I: cascading diff stages; current source biasing; output stages. | Sections 12.4 and 12.5 |
21 | Multi-stage amplifiers II: active loads, biasing for maximum gain, input and output swings. | Chapter 13 |
22 | Multi-stage amplifiers III: examples, stage selection, speciality stages, looking at a commercial op-amp schematic. Begin frequency response. | Chapter 13; Section 14.2.1 |
23 | Frequency response of CS amplifiers, the Miller effect. Intrinsic frequency limitations of MOSFETs. Biasing to maximize speed, power trade-off. | Sections 14.2.2 and 14.3 |
24 | OCTC method for estimating frequency response. Subthreshold amplifiers for ultra-lower power electronics, frequency performance. | Section 14.1 |
25 | MOS imagers. Semester wrap-up; life after 6.012. |