MAS.961 | Spring 2005 | Graduate

Ambient Intelligence



Introduction to Ambient Intelligence

Prof. Patricia Maes


Intelligence Augmentation and Software Agents

Prof. Patricia Maes


Maes, P., and B. Schneiderman. “Direct Manipulation vs. Interface Agents: a Debate.” Interactions 4, no. 6 (1997). ACM Press.

Direct Manipulation (PDF)

The Wearable Remembrance Agent: A system for Augmented Memory, Rhodes


Ambient Intelligence in Home Lab, Philips Research (PDF)


Location Based and Context-Aware Systems

Prof. Patricia Maes and Students


Chen, and Kotz. A Survey of Context-Aware Mobile Computing Research.

Want, et al. Context-Aware Computing Applications.


Oppermann, et al. “Hippie: A Nomadic Information System.” In Proceedings of the 1st International symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing. London, UK: Springer-Verlag, 1999. ISBN: 9783540665502.

Abowd, Gregory D., et al. Cyberguide: Prototyping Context Aware Mobile Applications.

Cheverst, K., N. Davies, K. Mitchell, and A. Friday. “Experiences of Developing and Deploying a Context-Aware Tourist Guide: The GUIDE Project.” In MOBICOM 2000: Proceedings of the sixth annual international conference on Mobile computing and networking. Boston, MA: ACM Press, 2000, pp. 20-31.

Virtual Graffiti Systems / Location Based Messaging:

Chang, Emily. Hanging Messages: Using Context-Enhanced Messages for Just-In-Time Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT M.E. Thesis, 2001.

Marmasse, Natalia. comMotion: a context-aware communication system. Extended abstract in Proceedings of CHI'99 (1999).

Lassey, Bradford. Etherthreads: An Infrastructure for Location-based Messages. Cambridge, MA: MIT Thesis, 2004.

Pan, Pengkai. Mobile Cinema. Cambridge, MA: MIT Thesis, 2004.

Persson, et al. Geonotes.

UCSD ActiveCampus

Memory systems 
Lamming, M. “‘Forget-me-not’: Intimate Computing in Support of Human Memory.” In Proceedings FRIEND21 Symposium on Next Generation Human Interfaces (1994).


Interfaces with Common Sense

Invited speakers: 
Hugo Liu, Pushpinder Singh and Pallavi Kaushik


Lane, Giles. “Urban Tapestries: Wireless Networking, Public Authoring and Social Knowledge.” Personal and Ubiquitous Computing (July 2003).

Lieberman, et al. Beating some Common Sense into Interactive Applications, MIT Media Lab. (PDF)


Lieberman. Selected readings on Interfaces with Common Sense.

Selected readings from IUI Proceedings.


Ubiquitous Computing

Prof. Patricia Maes and Students


Weiser. Ubiquitous Computing.

———. Perspectives Article for ACM Interactions. 1993.

Weiser, and Seely Brown. The Coming Age of Calm Technology. 1996.


Weiser. Some Computer Science Issues in Ubiquitous Computing. 1993.

Abowd, G. D., and E. D. Mynatt. Charting Past, Present, and Future Research in Ubiquitous Computing. 2000. (PDF)

Selection from UbiComp Proceedings last 5 years.


User Modeling, Personalization and Recommender Systems

Prof. Patricia Maes and Students


Kobsa, Alfred. Generic User Modeling Systems, User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 11, no. 1-2 (2001): 49-63.


Tangible and Ambient Interfaces

Prof. Patricia Maes and Students


Ishii, and Ullmer. “Tangible Bits.” CHI97. (PDF)


Selected papers by H. Ishii.

Hallnas, and Redstrom. “Slow Technology.”

“Special Issue on Tangible Computing.” Personal and Ubiquitous Computing Journal 8, no. 5.

“Ambient Interfaces: Design Challenges and Recommendations.” Fraunhofer Institute (PDF - 1.5MB)

Cohen, and McGee. “Tangible multimodal interfaces for safety-critical applications.” Communications of the ACM 47, no. 1 (2004): 42-46.

Sommerer, and Laurent Mignonneau. Mobile Feelings.


Augmented Reality/Mixed Realities

Prof. Patricia Maes and Students


Feiner, Steven K. “Augmented Reality: A New Way of Seeing.” Scientific American, April 2002.


Vallino, J. Introduction to Augmented Reality.

Designing Interactive Paper (PDF)

Presence Journal special issue on AR, 1997. 
Wellner, P. “The DigitalDesk Calculator: Tangible Manipulation on a Desk Top Display.” Proceedings of UIST ‘91 (1991): 27-33.

Leibe, Bastian, and Thad Starner. The Perceptive Workbench: Toward Spontaneous and Natural Interaction in SemiImmersive Virtual Environments. 2000. (PDF)

Nakanishi, et al. EnhancedDesk and EnhancedWall: Augmented Desk and Wall Interfaces. ([PDF](

Johnson, W., H. Jellinek, L. Klotz, and S. Card. “Bridging the Paper and Electronic Worlds: The Paper User Interface.” Proceedings of INTERCHI'93 (1993): 507-512. (PDF)

“Listen Reader.” An Electronically Augmented Paper-based Book. (PDF - 1.1MB)


The Meaning of Things

Invited Speaker: Judith Donath


Csikszentmihalyi. The Meaning of Things. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1981. ISBN: 9780521287746.

Kopytoff, I. “The Cultural Biography of Things: Commodification as Process.” In The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective. Edited by Arjun Appadurai. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988. ISBN: 9780521357265.

Mc Gracken, G. Culture and Consumption: New Approaches to the Symbolic Character of Consumer Goods and Activities. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780253206282.

Appadurai, Arjun, ed. The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988. ISBN: 9780521357265.


Embedded Intelligence/Smart Objects

Prof. Patricia Maes and Students


Tutorial on RFID Technology.

“Objects with Embedded Sensors, Computation, & Networking Sensor & Actuator Networks.” Special Issue of IEEE Pervasive Computing (Oct 2003).

Mobility, Service Discovery, Auto Configuration and Ad-Hoc Networking

Want, R., et al. “Disappearing Hardware.” IEEE Pervasive Computing.

Baurley. “Interactive and Experiential Design in Smart Textile Products and Applications.” Journal of Personal and Ubiquitous Computing (July 2004).

Stead1, Lisa. “The Emotional Wardrobe.” Journal of Personal and Ubiquitous Computing (July 2004).

Mavrommati1, Irene, and Achilles Kameas. “The Evolution of Objects Into Hyper-Objects: Will It Be Mostly Harmless?” Journal of Personal and Ubiquitous Computing (July 2003).


Intelligent Environments

Prof. Patricia Maes and Students


Georgia Tech Aware Home Project

Stanford iRoom Project

MIT Media Lab smart rooms project: Pentland, Alex. “Smart Rooms.” Scientific American, no. 274.

Philips Home Lab Project


Pervasive Computing and Wearables

Prof. Patricia Maes and Students


Merk, Lothar, et al., eds. Pervasive Computing Handbook. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag Telos, 2001. ISBN: 9783540671220.

Buy at MIT Press Mitchell, W. Me++. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 9780262134347.

Papers from IEEE Pervasive Computing Journal: search for any wearable computing papers.


“Special Issue on Context-Aware Computing.” IEEE Pervasive Computing (2002).

Abowd, Cheverst, Reinhard, and Petrelli. Context-based City & Museum Tour Guides. (Unpublished.)

Rhodes, et al. Reminder Systems. (Unpublished.)

Explore “Virtual Graffiti” systems (Geonotes, HangingMessages, Ether Threads).

Course Info

As Taught In
Spring 2005
Learning Resource Types
Lecture Notes
Projects with Examples