Along with the book recommendations there are some reading assignments for the course.

## Book Recommendations

Text: There was no textbook. The course was based on several books and original publications.

The book most relevant to the course was:

Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude, Jaques Dupont-Roc, and Gilbert Grynberg. *Atom-Photon-Interactions:* *Basic Processes and Applications.* Wiley-VCH, 1998. ISBN: 9780471293361.

Some additional materials used were:

Loudon, Rodney. *The Quantum Theory of Light.* Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780198501763.

Weissbluth, Mitchel. *Photon-Atom Interactions.* Academic Press, 1989. ISBN: 9780127436609.

Proceeding of the Summer School in Les Houches 1990: *Fundamental Systems in Quantum Optics.* (Les Houches) Session LIII, 1990. Edited by J. Dalibard, J. M. Raimond, and J. Zinn-Justin. North Holland, 1993. ISBN: 9780444897367.

Arimondo, E., W. D. Phillips, and F. Strumia, eds. Proceeding of the summer school in Varenna 1991: *"Enrico Fermi." *In* **Laser Manipulation of Atoms and Ions, Proceedings of the International School of Physics* Course CXVIII. North-Holland, 1993. ISBN: 9780444899934.

Further books used to prepare the courses 8.421 and 8.422:

Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude. *Atoms in Electromagnetic Fields.* World Scientific, 2005. (Selected Original Papers of C. -T.) ISBN: 9789812389428.

Recommended

Allen, L., and J. H. Eberly. *Optical Resonance and Two-level Atoms.* Dover Publication, 1987. ISBN: 9780486655338. [Preview with Google Books]

Covers some more special topics very well: Bloch Equations, Pulse Propagation, Echoes, Superradiance.

Demtröder, W. *Laser Spectroscopy.* Springer, 2002. ISBN: 9783540652250. [Preview with Google Books]

Almost encyclopedic book on lasers, spectroscopic instruments and techniques, and all relevant methods of spectroscopy - lots of references, very useful.

Svelto, O. *Principle of Lasers*. Springer, 2009. ISBN: 9780306457487.

Mainly on lasers (Basic Principles, Resonators, Types of Lasers), but nice short discussions of coherence and other concepts.

Svanberg, S. *Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy: Basic Aspects and Practical Applications.* Springer, 2003. ISBN: 9783540203827.

A lot of similar topics as Demtröder's book, but less detailed. A longer chapter on applications of laser spectroscopy.

Corney, A. *Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy.* Oxford University Press, 1987. ISBN: 9780198511489.

This book is on atoms, discusses hyperfine structure, selection rules and other effects in detail, and gives many examples of techniques and experiments. Gives a very good impression of the state of experimental atomic physics in the '70s.

Thorne, A. P. *Spectrophysics.* Springer, 1988. ISBN: 9780412274701.

Nice book on spectroscopy, with some emphasis on classical methods and plasma spectroscopy. Long chapter on line widths and shapes.

Scully, M. O., and M. S. Zubairy. *Quantum Optics.* Cambridge University Press, 1997. ISBN: 9780521434584. [Preview with Google Books]

The theory of quantum optics! Detailed treatment of coherence and electromagnetically induced transparency, laser theory.

Suter, D. *The Physics of Laser-Atom Interactions.* Cambridge University Press, 1997. ISBN: 9780521462396. [Preview with Google Books]

Detailed discussion of three-level systems and coherent effects.

## Reading Assignments

LEC # | TOPICS | READINGS |
---|---|---|

1 | Recent advances in AMO physics | No Readings |

2 | The QED Hamiltonian | Weissbluth, Mitchel. Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude, Jaques Dupont-Roc, and Gilbert Grynberg. "A 500-page derivation and discussion of the basic equations of QED." In |

3 | Quantum description of light | Loudon, Rodney. "Chaotic Light." Chapter 3 in Weissbluth, Mitchel. "The Radiation Field up to Squeezing." Chapter 4.4–4.8 in Vučković, Jelena, David Fattal, et al. "Enhanced Single-Photon Emission from a Quantum Dot in a Micropost Microcavity." Kuhn, Axel, Markus Hennrich, et al. "Deterministic Single-Photon Source for Distributed Quantum Networking." |

4 | Non-classical light | ## Further Reading Weissbluth, Mitchel. "Section on Squeezed States." Chapter 4.9 in Kimble, H. J. "Quantum Fluctuations in Quantum Optics." In Henry, R. W., and S. C. Glotzer. "A Squeezed-State Primer." Teich, M. C., and B. E. A. Saleh. "Squeezed and AntiBunched Light." ## Generation of Squeezed States, Classical SqueezingDiFilippo, F., Vasant Natarajan, et al. "Classical Amplitude Squeezing for Precision Measurements." ## TeleportationFurusawa, A., J. L. Sørensen, et al. "Unconditional Quantum Teleportation." ## Beam Splitter and Homodyne Detection3 pages lecture notes by Wolfgang Ketterle (PDF) Schumaker, B. L. ''Noise in Homodyne Detection." ## Experiments with Squeezed LightWu, Ling-An, H. J. Kimble, et al. "Generation of Squeezed States by Parametric Down Conversion." Xiao, Min, Ling-An Wu, et al. "Precision Measurement beyond the Shot-Noise Limit." Polzik, E. S., J. Carri, et al. "Spectroscopy with Squeezed Light." |

5 | Single photons | No Readings |

6 | Entangled states | ## EntanglementSackett, C. A., D. Kielpinski, et al. "Experimental Entanglement of Four Particles." Nielsen, Michael A., and Isaac L. Chuang. "Schmidt Decomposition." In |

7 | Metrology, shot noise and Heisenberg limit | ## Gravitational Wave DetectionCaves, C. M. "Quantum-Mechanical Noise in an Interferometer." ## Heisenberg Limited InterferometryGiovannetti, Vittorio, Seth Lloyd, et al. "Quantum-Enhanced Measurements: Beating the Standard Quantum Limit." ## Proposal for Atom InterferometryBouyer, P., M. A. Kasevich. "Heisenberg-Limited Spectroscopy with Degenerate Bose-Einstein Gases." ## Creation of Correlated States with Bose-Einstein CondensatesVogels, J. M., J. K. Chin, et al. "Coherent Collisions Between Bose-Einstein Condensates." |

8 | g_2 for atoms and light | Baym, Gordon. Yasuda, Masami, and Fujio Shimizu. "Observation of Two-Atom Correlation of an Ultracold Neon Atomic Beam." Jeltes, T., J. M. McNamara, et al. "Comparison of the Hanbury Brown–Twiss Effect for Bosons and Fermions." |

9 | Diagrams for light-atom interactions | Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude, Jaques Dupont-Roc, and Gilbert Grynberg. Atom-Photon-Interactions, Basic Processes and Applications. Wiley-VCH, 1998, pp. 15–21, and Complement A_I. ISBN: 9780471293361. |

10/11 | Van der Waals and Casimir interactions | ## Van Der Waals Interaction Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude, Jaques Dupont-Roc, and Gilbert Grynberg. Four pages course notes from Dan Kleppner (PDF) Spruch, L. "Retarded, or Casmimir, Long-Range Potentials." ## Casimir Interactions Haroche, S. "Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics." In Jaffe, R. L. "Casimir Effect and the Quantum Vacuum." |

12 | Resonant scattering and radiative corrections | Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude, Jaques Dupont-Roc, and Gilbert Grynberg. Chapter 3 in ## Further ReadingDalibard, J., J. Dupont-Roc, et al. "Vacuum Fluctuations and Radiation Reaction: Identification of Their Respective Contributions." |

13/14 | Derivation and solutions of Optical Bloch equations | Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude, Jaques Dupont-Roc, and Gilbert Grynberg. Atom-Photon-Interactions, Basic Processes and Applications. Wiley-VCH, 1998, pp. 257–333. ISBN: 9780471293361. And lecture notes. |

15 | Unraveling open quantum systems | Dalibard, Jean, and Yvan Castin. "Wave Function Approach Dissipative Processes in Quantum Optics." |

16/17 | Light forces, dressed atom | Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude, Jaques Dupont-Roc, and Gilbert Grynberg. Chu, Steven, L. Hollberg, et al. "Three Demensional Viscous Confinement and Cooling of Atoms by Resonance Radiation Pressure." Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude. "Atomic Motion in Laser Light." In Gordon, J. P., and A. Ashkin. "Motion of Atoms in Radiation Trap." ## Dressed Atom and Dipole Forces Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude, Jaques Dupont-Roc, and Gilbert Grynberg. "Worth Reading!" Chapter 4 in ## Important PaperDalibard, J., and C. Cohen-Tannoudji. "Dressed-Atom Approach to Atomic Motion in Laser Light: the Dipole Force Revisited." ## Spontaneous Light Force TrapsMagneto-optical trap, Optical Earnshaw theorem Phillips, W. D. "Laser Cooling and Trapping of Neutral Atoms." In ## Original PapersAshkin, A, and J. P. Gordon. "Stability of Radiation-Pressure Particle Traps: An Optical Earnshaw Theorem." Pritchard, D. E., E. L. Raab, et al. "Light Traps Using Spontaneous Forces." Raab, E. L., M. Prentiss. "Trapping of Neutral Sodium Atoms with Radiation Pressure." |

18 | Techniques for ultralow temperatures | |

19 | Bose gases, BEC, superfluid to Mott insulator transition | Variational derivation of Gross-Pitaevski equation: Pethick, C. J., and H. Smith. Selected Pages ———. "On Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation ———. "On Hydrodynamics." Mean field theory of the superfluid to Mott insulator transition |

20 | BEC-BCS crossover in fermions | Ketterle, Wolfgang, and Martin W. Zwierlein. "Making, Probing and Understanding Ultracold Fermi Gases." Italian Physcial Society, no. 5–6 (2008): 247–422. Varenna notes on ultracold fermions. |

21 | Trapped ions and quantum gates |