This page contains the required texts for the course, as well as a listing of readings by session.
|Part I: Concepts and context|
|1||Introduction to the course|
|2||Setting the context: Globalization and development|| |
Harriss, John, Kristian Stokke, and Olle Tornquist. "Introduction: The New Local Politics of Democratization." In Politicising Democracy: The New Local Politics of Democratisation. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. ISBN: 9781403934819.
Evans, chapter 1.
Melo, Marcus Andre, and Gianpaolo Baiocchi. "Deliberative Democracy and Local Governance: Towards a New Agenda." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 30 (2006): 587-600.
Carley, Michael. "Top-Down and Bottom-Up: The Challenge of Cities in the New Century." In Urban Development and Civil Society. Edited by Michael Carley, et al. London, UK: Earthscan Publications, 2001. ISBN: 9781853837173.
Pierre, Jon. "Comparative Urban Governance: Uncovering Complex Causalities." Urban Affairs Review 40 (2005): 446-462.
|3||Setting the context (2): Globalization and cities|| |
Dahl, Robert. "A Democratic Dilemma: System Effectiveness versus Citizen Participation." Political Science Quarterly 109 (1994): 23-24.
McGee, T. G. "Globalization and the Rural-Urban Relations in the Developing World." In Globalization and the World of Large Cities. Edited by Fu-Chen Lo and Yue-Man Yeung. Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9789280809992.
Ponte, de Giulia. "Changing Ideas on the City: Multilateral Development Aid Institutions." International Social Science Journal 172 (2002): 205-216.
McCarney, Patricia. "Disjunctures, Divides, and Disconnects: The Promise of Local Government in Development." Isandla Institute Dark Roast Occasional Paper Series 2 (2000).
van Vliet, Willem. "Cities in a Globalizing World: From Engines of Growth to Agents of Change." Environment and Urbanization 14, no.1 (2002): 31-40.
Marris, P. "Planning and Civil Society in the Twenty-first Century." In Cities for Citizens: Planning and the Rise of Civil Society in a Global Age. Edited by M. Douglass and J. Friedmann. New York, NY: John Wiley, 1998, pp. 9-18. ISBN: 9780471977094.
Stren, Richard. "Local Governance and Social Diversity in the Developing World: New Challenges for Globalizing City-Regions." In Global City Regions: Trends, Theory, Policy. Edited by Allan Scott. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780199252305.
Pierre, J. "Models of Urban Governance: The Institutional Dimension of Urban Politics." Urban Affairs Review 34, no.3 (1999): 372-396.
Zanetta, Cecilia. "The Evolution of the World Bank's Urban Lending in Latin America." Habitat International 25 (2001): 513-533.
Stren, Richard, and Judith Kjellberg, eds. Urban Research in Developing Countries: Perspectives on the City. Vol. 4. Toronto, Canada: Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto, 1995, chapter 5. ISBN: 9780772713711.
Stren, Richard, Marney Cohen, Holle Reed, and Mark R. Montgomery, eds. Cities Transformed: Demographic Change and Its Implications in the Developing World. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2003, chapter 3. ISBN: 9780309088626.
World Bank. World Development Report 2006: Equity and Development. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 1-17.
———. Entering the 21st Century: World Development Report 1999-2000. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2000.
|4||Setting the context (3): Decentralization|| |
Bardhan, P., and D. Mookerjee, eds. Decentralization and Local Governance in Developing Countries. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006, chapter 1. ISBN: 9780262524544.
Bardhan, P. "Decentralization of Governance and Development." Journal of Economic Perspectives 16, no. 4 (2002): 185-205.
Schonwalder, G. "New Democratic Spaces at the Grassroots? Popular Participation in Latin American Local Governments." Development and Change 28 (1997): 753-770.
Bergh, Silvia. "Democratic Decentralization and Local Participation: A Review of Recent Research." Development in Practice 14 (2004): 780-789.
Crook, R. C. "Decentralisation and Poverty Reduction in Africa: The Politics of Local-Central Relations." Public Administration and Development 23 (2003): 77-88.
Prud'Homme, Remy. "Dangers of Decentralization." World Bank Research Observer 10 (1995): 201-220.
United Nations Development Programme. "Decentralized Governance for Development: A Combined Practice Note on Decentralization, Local Governance and Urban/Rural Development." In UNDP Publications, April 2004. (Skim)
Mabogunje, Akin L. "Local Institutions and an Urban Agenda for the 1990s." In Urban Research in Developing Countries: Perspectives on the City. Vol. 4. Edited by Richard Stren and Judith Kjellberg. Toronto, Canada: Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto, 1995, chapter 2. ISBN: 9780772713711.
Tulchin, Joseph S., and Andrew Selee, eds. "Decentralization and Democratic Governance In Latin America." In Woodrow Wilson Center Report on the Americas. Introduction and chapter 1. (PDF - 1.3 MB)
Stren, Richard. "Local Governance and the Development of Associational Life: An Exploration." In Democratic Governance and Urban Sustainability. Edited by Joseph S. Tulchin, Diana H. Varat, and Blair A. Ruble. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2002.
|Part II: Normative visions|
|5||Normative approaches (1): Civil society|| |
Chalmers, D. A., S. B. Martin, and K. Piester. "Associative Networks: New Structures of Representation for the Popular Sectors." In The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation. Edited by Chalmers, Vilas, Hite, Martin, Piester, and Segarra. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 543-583. ISBN: 9780198781844.
Hoeber, Rudolph S. "Is Civil Society the Answer?" In Investigating Social Capital: Comparative Perspective on Civil Society, Participation and Governance. Edited by Sanjeev Prakash and Per Selle. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2004, pp. 64-87. ISBN: 9780761996903.
Migdal, J. S. "The State in Society: An Approach to Struggles for Domination." In State Power and Social Forces, Domination and Transformation in the Third World. Edited by J. S. Migdal, A. Kohli, and V. Shue. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1994, pp. 293-323. ISBN: 9780521461665.
Migdal, J. S., A. Kohli, and V. Shue, eds. State Power and Social Forces, Domination and Transformation in the Third World. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1994, pp. 293-323. ISBN: 9780521461665.
Törnquist, Olle. "The Political Deficit of Substantial Democratisation." In Politicising Democracy: Local Politics and Democratisation in Developing Countries. Edited by John Harriss, Kristian Stokke, and Olle Tornquist. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, chapter 1. ISBN: 9781403934819.
Lewis, David. "Civil Society in African Contexts: Reflections on the Usefulness of a Concept?" Development and Change 33 (2002): 569-586.
Houtzager, Peter P., Adrián Gurza Lavalle, and Graziela Castello. "States and Citizens in Urban Brazil and Mexico. What Surveys on Political Participation Can Tell Us." Paper, 2005, p. 19.
|6||Normative approaches (2): Social capital|| |
Putnam, Robert D., Robert Leonardi, and Raffaella Y. Nanetti. "Social Capital and Institutional Success." In Making Democracy Work. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994. ISBN: 9780691037387.
Fukuyama, Francis. "Social Capital and Civil Society." IMF Working Paper, April 2000.
Evans, Peter. "Government Action, Social Capital and Development: Reviewing the Evidence on Synergy." World Development 24, no. 6 (1996): 1119-1132.
Fox, Jonathan. "How Does Civil Society Thicken? The Political Construction of Social Capital in Rural Mexico." World Development 24, no. 6 (1996): 1089-1103.
Woolcock, Michael. "Social Capital and Economic Development: Toward a Theoretical Synthesis and Policy Framework." Theory and Society 27, no. 2 (1998): 151-208.
Harris, J. "Missing Link or Analytically Missing? The Concept of Social Capital." Journal of International Development 9 (1997): 919-937.
Wellman, Barry. "The Community Question." American Journal of Sociology 84 (1979): 1201- 1231.
|7||Normative approaches (3): Deliberation and the public sphere|| |
Fraser, Nancy. "Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy." In Habermas and the Public Sphere. Edited by Craig Calhoun. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993. ISBN: 9780262531146.
Calhoun, Craig, ed. Habermas and the Public Sphere. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, introduction. ISBN: 9780262531146.
Cohen, J. "Procedure and Substance in Deliberative Democracy." In Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political. Edited by S. Benhabib. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996, pp. 95-109. ISBN: 9780691044798.
Mansbridge, J. "Democracy and Common Interests." Social Alternatives 8 (1990): 20-25.
Healey, P. "Planning through Debate: The Communicative Turn in Planning Theory." In Readings in Planning Theory. Edited by S. Campbell and S. Fainstein. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2003, pp. 234-264. ISBN: 9780631223474.
Bohman, J. "Citizenship and Norms of Publicity." Political Theory 27 (1999): 176-203.
Christens, Brian, and Paul W. Speer. "Tyranny/Transformation: Power and Paradox in Participatory Development." Forum: Qualitative Social Research 7, no. 2 (2006).
|Part III: Cases and debates|
|8||Case studies and debates (1): Empowered participatory governance|
|9||Case studies and debates (2): Non-governmental organizations|| |
Mercer, Claire. "NGOs, Civil Society and Democratization: A Critical Review of the Literature." Progress in Development Studies (2002): 5-22.
Obiyan, A. Sat. "A Critical Examination of the State versus Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in the Policy Sphere in the Global South: Will the State Die as the NGOs Thrive in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia?" African and Asian Studies 4, no. 3 (2005): 301-326.
Kamat, Sangeeta. "NGOs and the New Democracy: The False Saviors of International Development." Harvard International Review 25, no. 1 (2003): 65-69.
|10||Case studies and debates (3): Political concatenates|| |
Selections from Evans, Livable Cities.
Heller, P. "Moving the State: The Politics of Democratic Decentralization in Kerala, South Africa and Porto Alegre." Politics and Society 29 (2001): 131-163.
Baiocchi, Gianpaolo, Patrick Heller, and Marcelo K. Silva. "Making Space for Civil Society."
|11||Latin American cases|| |
Re-read Tulchin and Selee from above.
Santín, Leticia. "Decentralization and Civil Society in Mexico." In Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective: Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Edited by Philip Oxhorn, Joseph S. Tulchin, and Andrew D. Selee. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004, pp. 75-114. ISBN: 9780801879197.
Plus, additional cases, as required:
Melo, M., and F. Rezende. "Decentralization and Governance". In Democratization and Democratic Governance in Latin America. Edited by Joseph Tulchin and Andrew Selee. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars, 2004.
Oxhorn, Philip, Joseph S. Tulchin, and Andrew D. Selee, eds. Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective: Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2004, Part I. ISBN: 9780801879197.
|12||South Asian cases|| |
Oxhorn, Philip, Joseph S. Tulchin, and Andrew D. Selee, eds. Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective: Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2004, Part III. ISBN: 9780801879197.
Nordholt, H. S. "Decentralisation in Indonesia: Less State, More Democracy?" In Politicising Democracy: The New Local Politics of Democratisation. Edited by John Harriss, Kristian Stokke, and Olle Tornquist. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. ISBN: 9781403934819.
Sidel, J. "Bossism and Democracy in the Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia: Towards an Alternative Framework for the Study of 'Local Strongmen.'" In Politicising Democracy: The New Local Politics of Democratisation. Edited by John Harriss, Kristian Stokke, and Olle Tornquist. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. ISBN: 9781403934819.
Harriss, John. "Political Participation, Representation and the Urban Poor: Findings from a Research in Delhi." Economic and Political Weekly, March 12, 2005: 1041-1054.
Harriss, John. "Politics Is a Dirty River: But Is There a 'New Politics' of Civil Society?" Perspectives from Global Cities of India and Latin America. Paper, 2005, p. 16.
Harriss, John. "The 'New Politics' of the Urban Poor in Contemporary India." Paper, 2005, p. 14.
Priyono, Subono, Törnquist, et al. Making Democracy Meaningful: Problems and Options in Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia: Demos, 2005.
|13||African cases|| |
Mamdani, M. Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996, chapter 1 and conclusion, pp. 3-34 and 285-301. ISBN: 9789970020904.
Heinrich, Volkhart Finn. "The Role of NGOs in Strengthening the Foundations of South African Democracy." Voluntas 12 (2001): 1-15.
Friedman, Steven, and Caroline Kihato. "South Africa's Double Reform: Decentralization and the Transition from Apartheid." In Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective: Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Edited by Philip Oxhorn, Joseph S. Tulchin, and Andrew D. Selee. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004, pp. 75-114. ISBN: 9780801879197.
Braathen, Einar, and Aslak Orre. "Can a Patrimonial Democracy Survive? The Case of Mozambique." Forum for Development Studies, no. 2 (2001).