|1||Introduction to Downtown Management Organizations||
Segal, M. Bradley. “A New Generation of Downtown Management Organizations.” Urban Land (April 1998).
The Dominance and Decline of Downtown
Guest speaker: Robert Fogelson, Professor of Urban Studies and History, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fogelson, Robert. Downtown: Its Rise and Fall, 1880-1950. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003, chapters 1, 4, and 5. ISBN: 0300098278.
Teaford, Jon C. The Rough Road to Renaissance: Urban Revitalization in America 1940-1985. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990. ISBN: 0801841348.
Beauregard, Robert. Voices of Decline: The Postwar Fate of U.S. Cities. New York, NY: Routledge, 2003. ISBN: 0415932386.
|3||The Revitalization of Downtown||
Levine, M. V. “Downtown Redevelopment As an Urban Growth Strategy: A Critical Appraisal of the Baltimore Renaissance.” The Journal of Urban Affairs 9 (1987): 103-123.
Sawicki, David. “The Festival Marketplace As Public Policy.” Journal of the American Planning Association 55, no. 3 (1989): 347-361.
Sagalyn, Lynne. “Explaining the Improbable: Local Redevelopment in the Wake of Federal Cutbacks.” Journal of the American Planning Association 56, no. 4 (1990): 429-441.
Robertson, Kent A. “Downtown Retail Revitalization: A Review of American Development Strategies.” Planning Perspectives 12 (1997): 383-401.
Austin, James, and Arthur McCaffrey. “Business Leadership Coalitions and Public-Private Partnerships in American Cities: A Business Perspective on Regime Theory.” Journal of Urban Affairs 24, no. 1 (2002): 35-54.
Birch, Eugenie L. “Who Lives Downtown.” Brookings Institution Working Paper. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute, 2005, pp. 1-20. (PDF)
Greenblatt, Alan. “Downtown Renaissance: Are Center Cities Finally Returning to Health?” Congressional Quarterly Researcher 16, no. 24 (2006): 553-576.
Frieden, Bernard J., and Lynne B. Sagalyn. Downtown, Inc.: How America Rebuilds Cities. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1989. ISBN: 0262560593.
Birch, Eugenie L. “Having a Longer View on Downtown Living.” Journal of the American Planning Association 68 (2002): 1-27.
|4||An Introduction to Business Improvement Districts||
Pack, Janet Rothenberg. “BIDs, DIDs, SIDs, and SADs: Private Governments in Urban America.” Brookings Review 10, no. 4 (1992): 18-21.
Briffault, Richard. “A Government for Our Time? Business Improvement Districts and Urban Governance.” Columbia Law Review 99, no. 2 (1999): 365-477.
Mitchell, Jerry. “Business Improvement Districts and Innovative Service Delivery.” New York, NY: The PricewaterhouseCoopers Endowment for the Business of Government, 1999. (PDF)
———. “Business Improvement Districts and the ‘New’ Revitalization of Downtown.” Economic Development Quarterly 15 (2001): 115-123.
Levy, Paul R. “Paying for the Public Life.” Economic Development Quarterly 15 (2001): 124-131.
Wolf, James. “Urban Governance and Business Improvement Districts: The Washington, DC BIDs.” International Journal of Public Administration 29, no. 1-3 (2006): 53-75.
|5||Business Improvement Districts (cont.)||
Meek, Jack, and Paul Hubler. “Business Improvement Districts in Southern California: Implications for Local Governance.” International Journal of Public Administration 29, no. 1-3 (2006): 31-52.
Justice, Jonathan B., and Robert S. Goldsmith. “Private Governments or Public Policy Tools? The Law and Public Policy of New Jersey’s Special Improvement Districts.” International Journal of Public Administration 29, no. 1-3 (2006): 107-136.
Morcol, Goktug, and Ulf Zimmermann. “Metropolitan Governance and Business Improvement Districts.” International Journal of Public Administration 29, no. 1-3 (2006): 5-27.
———. “Community Improvement Districts in Metropolitan Atlanta.” International Journal of Public Administration 29, no. 1-3 (2006): 77-105.
Hoyt, Lorlene. “Collecting Private Funds for Safer Public Spaces: An Empirical Examination of the Business Improvement District Concept.” Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 31, no. 3 (2004): 367-380.
———. “Do Business Improvement District Organizations Make a Difference? Crime In and Around Commercial Areas in Philadelphia.” Journal of Planning Education and Research 25, no. 2 (2005): 185-199.
Caruso, Gina, and Rachel Weber. “Getting the Max for the Tax: An Examination of BID Performance Measures.” International Journal of Public Administration 29, no. 1-3 (2006): 187-219.
BIDs in New York City
Guest speaker: Susan Fainstein, Professor of Urban Planning, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University
Ellen, Ingrid Gould, and Amy Schwartz. “BIDs in New York City.” Draft paper to be presented at the Brookings-Wharton Conference on Urban Affairs.
Gross, Jill Simone. “Business Improvement Districts in New York City’s Low-Income and High-Income Neighborhoods.” Economic Development Quarterly 19, no. 2 (2005): 174-189.
Adler, Moshe. Testimony before the City Council of the City of New York Committee on Finance (PDF), September 12, 2002.
Rogowsky, Edward, and Jill Simone Gross. “Managing Development in New York City: The Case of Business Improvement Districts.” In Managing Capital Resources for Central City Revitalization. New York, NY: Garland Publishing, 1999, pp. 81-87. ISBN: 0815332130.
Garodnick, Daniel. “What’s the BID Deal? Can the Grand Central Business Improvement District Serve a Special Limited Purpose?” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 148 (2000): 1733-1737.
Hochleutner, Brian R. “BIDs Fare Well: The Democratic Accountability of Business Improvement Districts.” New York University Law Review 78, no. 374 (2003): 1-33.
Schaller, Susanna, and Gabriella Modan. “Contesting Public Space and Citizenship: Implications for Neighborhood Business Improvement Districts.” Journal of Planning Education 24, no. 4 (2005): 394-407.
Pennsylvania’s Enabling Legislation
Guest speaker: David Cohen, Director of Development, North Philadelphia Health System; Former Executive Director of the City Avenue Special Services District in Philadelphia
Morcol, Goktug, and Patricia A. Patrick. “Business Improvement Districts in Pennsylvania: Implications for Democratic Metropolitan Governance.” International Journal of Public Administration 29, no. 1-3 (2006): 137-171.
Houstoun, Lawrence O. Business Improvement Districts. Washington, DC: Urban Land Institute, 2003, pp. 38-69. ISBN: 0874209005.
Pennsylvania’s Neighborhood Improvement District Legislation, 1998 (PDF)
Pennsylvania’s Neighborhood Improvement District Legislation, 1999 (PDF)
Houstoun, Lawrence O. Business Improvement Districts. Washington, DC: Urban Land Institute, 2003. ISBN: 0874209005.
Feehan, David, and Marvin Feit. “Making Business Districts Work: Leadership and Management of Downtown, Main Street, Business District, and Community Development Organizations.” In Making Business Districts Work. New York, NY: The Haworth Press, 2006. ISBN: 0789023911.
Massachusetts’ Enabling Legislation
Guest speaker: Anne Meyers, President of the Downtown Crossing Association, Boston, Massachusetts
Read the site: Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Take the Red Line from Kendall/MIT to Downtown Crossing Station. Explore the area.
A Guide to Establishing a BID in Massachusetts (PDF)
A Regional Approach to Downtown Management
Guest speakers: Chris Leinberger, Professor of Practice and Director of the Graduate Real Estate Development Program, University of Michigan, and Visiting Fellow, Brookings; Jerry Johnson, Co-Director of the Initiative for a Competitive Greater Reading
Leinberger, Christopher B. “Turning Around Downtown: Twelve Steps to Revitalization.” Washington, DC: Brookings Institute, 2005, pp. 1-24. (PDF)
Porter, Michael E. “New Strategies for Inner-City Economic Development.” Economic Development Quarterly 11, no. 1 (1997): 28-38.
——— “Location, Competition and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy.” Economic Development Quarterly 14, no. 1 (2000): 15-34.
Florida, Richard. The Rise of the Creative Class. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2002. ISBN: 0465024777.
|10||A Global Perspective on DMOs||
Hoyt, Lorlene. “Importing Ideas: The Transnational Transfer of Urban Revitalization Policy.” International Journal of Public Administration 29 (2006): 221-243.
———. “Planning Through Compulsory Commercial Clubs: Business Improvement Districts.” Economic Affairs 25, no. 4 (2005): 24-27.
———. The Business Improvement District: An Internationally Diffused Approach for Revitalization. Washington, DC: International Downtown Association, 2005, pp. 1-65.
Hernandez, Tony, and Ken Jones. “Emerging Business Improvement Area Strategies in Canada.” In Business Improvement Districts: Research, Theories, and Controversies. Oxford, UK: Taylor and Francis Books, 2007. (Forthcoming.)
Reeve, Alan. “Town Centre Management: Developing a Research Agenda in an Emerging Field.” In Business Improvement Districts: Research, Theories, and Controversies. Oxford, UK: Taylor and Francis Books, 2007. (Forthcoming.)
Agge, Devika Gopal, and Lorlene Hoyt. “Retail and Revitalization: The Business Improvement District Model in the United States and Canada.” In Business Improvement Districts: Research, Theories, and Controversies. Oxford, UK: Taylor and Francis Books, 2007. (Forthcoming.)
Page, Stephen J., and Rachel Hardyman. “Place Marketing and Town Centre Management: A New Tool for Urban Revitalization.” Cities 13, no. 3 (1996): 153-164.
Jones, Peter, David Hillier, and Daphne Comfort. “Business Improvement Districts in Town and City Centres in the UK.” Management Research 26, no. 8 (2003): 50-59.
Ratcliffe, John, and Sheila Flanagan. “Enhancing the Vitality and Viability of Town and City Centres: The Concept of the Business Improvement District in the Context of Tourism Enterprise.” Property Management 22, no. 5 (2004): 377-395.
Steel, M., and M. Symes.“The Privatisation of Public Space? The American Experience of Business Improvement Districts and Their Relationship to Local Governance.” Local Government Studies 31, no. 3 (2005): 321-334.
Blackwell, Martin. “A Consideration of the UK Government’s Proposals for Business Improvement Districts in England: Issues and Uncertainties.” Property Management 23, no. 3 (2005): 194-203.
|11||A Global Perspective on DMOs (cont.)||
Ratcliffe, John. “The Concept of the Business Improvement District in Ireland.” In Business Improvement Districts: Research, Theories, and Controversies. Oxford, UK: Taylor and Francis Books, 2007. (Forthcoming.)
Lloyd, Mark, and Deborah Peel. “The Formalization of Town Centre Management in the UK and Scotland.” In Business Improvement Districts: Research, Theories, and Controversies. Oxford, UK: Taylor and Francis Books, 2007. (Forthcoming.)
Lloyd, M. G., J. McCarthy, S. McGreal, and J. Berry. “Business Improvement Districts, Planning and Urban Regeneration.” International Planning Studies 8 (2003): 295-321.
Symes, Martin, and Mark Steel. “Lessons from America: The Role of Business Improvement Districts As an Agent of Urban Regeneration.” Town Planning Review 74, no. 3 (2003): 301-313.
Coffey, W. J., M. Polese, and R. Drolet. “Examining the Thesis of a Central Business District Decline: Evidence from the Montreal Metropolitan Area.” Environment and Planning A 28 (1996): 1795-1814.
Gauteng City Improvement District Bill, 1997 (PDF)
Central Johannesburg Partnership
Miyazawa, Masatomo. Downtown Revitalization in Japan: An Examination of the Town Management Organization Model. Cambridge, MA: MIT Masters Thesis, 2006, pp. 1-123.
Turner, Robyne S. “The Politics of Design and Development in the Postmodern Downtown.” Journal of Urban Affairs 24, no. 5 (2002): 533-548.
Discussion of Group Project
Guest speaker: Jeffrey Hebert, DUSP/MCP ‘04, Louisiana Recovery Authority
|13||Work on Group Project|