12.113 | Fall 2005 | Undergraduate
Structural Geology

Readings

Most of the citations are from the required text book: Twiss, Robert J., and Eldridge M. Moores. Structural Geology. New York, NY: W.H. Freeman, 1992. ISBN: 9780716722526.

LEC # TOPICS READINGS

I

Continuum Mechanics: Stress and Strain

Twiss and Moores. Structural Geology. Chapters 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 18, section 15.5, pp. 308ff, 292-303, 304-310, and 352-357.

Means, W. Stress and Strain: Basic Concepts of Continuum Mechanics for Geologists. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag, 1976. ISBN: 9780387075563.

J., Ramsay, and M. Huber. The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology. Vol. 1: Strain Analysis. London UK: Academic Press: 1984. ISBN: 9780125769211.

Passchier, Cees W., and Rudolph A. J. Trouw. Microtectonics. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 1996. ISBN: 9783540587132.

II

Material Behaviours

Twiss and Moores. Structural Geology. Chapters 9, 18, pp. 165-190, 361-385.

Ranalli, G. Rheology of the Earth. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 1995, chapter 5. ISBN: 9780412546709.

Nicholas, A., and J. P. Oirier. Crystalline Plasticity and Solid State Flow in Metamorphic Rocks. New York, NY: Wiley, 1976. ISBN: 9780471637912.

Hobbs, Bruce E., Winthrop D. Means, and Paul F. Williams. An Outline of Structural Geology. New York, NY: Wiley, c1976. ISBN: 9780471401568.

III

Brittle Deformation

(A) Fracture Mechanics

(B) Faults

Twiss and Moores. Structural Geology. “Stress Distribution.” Chapters 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 and 10, section 10.9, pp. 202-205.

Mid Term

IV

Ductile Deformation

(A) Mechanics

(B) Folding
(i) Descriptive Material
(ii) Mechanics
(iii) Related Structures
(iv) Foliations and Lineations
(v) Strain Analysis

(C) Multiple Deformations

Twiss and Moores. Structural Geology. Chapters 11, and 12.

V

Plutons, Salt Tectonics

VI

Regional Tectonics

Additional Suggested Readings

“The mechanical paradox of large overthrusts.” Geological Society of America Bulletin 100: 1898-1908.

Dahlen, F. A., and J. Suppe. “Mechanics, growth and erosion of mountain belts.” Processes in Continental Lithospheric Deformation. Edited by Clark, et al. GSA Special Paper 218 (1988): 161-178.

Molnar, P., and H. Lyon-Caen. “Some simple aspects of the support, structure and evolution of mountain belts.” Processes in Continental Lithospheric Deformation. Edited by Clark, et al. GSA Special Paper 218 (1988): 179-207.

McClay, K. R. “Glossary of thrust tectonics terms.” In Thrust Tectonics. Edited by K. R. McClay. London, UK: Chapman & Hall, 1992.

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