Readings

WEEK # TOPICS READINGS
1 Introduction

Background reading on the current state of the field (not required):

Shambaugh, David. “Studies of China’s Foreign and Security Policies in the United States.” Chapter 10 in China Watching: Perspectives from Europe, Japan and the United States. Edited by Robert Ash, David Shambaugh, and Seiichiro Takagi. Routledge, 2006. ISBN: 9780415413978. [Preview with Google Books]

Christensen, Thomas J., Alastair Iain Johnston, and Robert S. Ross. “Conclusions and Future Directions.” Chapter 13 in New Directions in the Study of China’s Foreign Policy. Edited by Alastair Iain Johnston and Robert S. Ross. Stanford University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780804753630. [Preview with Google Books]

Carlson, Allen, Mary E. Gallagher, et al, eds. Contemporary Chinese Politics: New Sources, Methods, and Field Strategies. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN: 9780521155762. [Preview with Google Books]

2 The Korean War and analysis of Chinese foreign policy

Whiting, Allen S. China Crosses the Yalu: The Decision to Enter the Korean War. Stanford University Press, 1960. ISBN: 9780804706292.

Christensen, Thomas J. “The Real Lost Chance in China: Nonrecognition, Taiwan, and the Disaster at the Yalu.” Chapter 5 in Useful Adversaries: Grand Strategy, Domestic Mobilization, and Sino-American Conflict, 1947–1958. Princeton University Press, 1996, pp. 138-176. ISBN: 9780691026374. [Preview with Google Books]

 Jian, Chen. “Beijing’s Response to the Outbreak of the Korean War.” Chapter 5 in China’s Road to the Korean War: The Making of the Sino-American Confrontation. Columbia University Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780231100250.

———. “After Inchon: The Making of the Decision on Intervention.” Chapter 6 in China’s Road to the Korean War: The Making of the Sino-American Confrontation. Columbia University Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780231100250.

Kennedy, Andrew Bingham. “Mao’s Adventure in Korea.” Chapter 4 in The International Ambitions of Mao and Nehru: National Efficacy Beliefs and the Making of Foreign Policy. Cambridge University Press, 2012. ISBN: 9781107029200. [Preview with Google Books]

Ng-Quinn, Michael. “Effects of Bipolarity on Chinese Foreign Policy.” Survey 26, no. 2 (1982): 116–30.

3 Ideology and alliances

Lüthi, Lorenz M. The Sino-Soviet Split: Cold War in the Communist World. Princeton University Press, 2008. ISBN: 9780691135908. [Preview with Google Books]

Van Ness, Peter. “Introduction.” In Revolution and Chinese Foreign Policy: Peking’s Support for Wars of National Liberation. University of California Press, 1971. ISBN: 9780520020559. [Preview with Google Books]

———. “Peking’s View of the World.” Chapter 1 in Revolution and Chinese Foreign Policy: Peking’s Support for Wars of National Liberation. University of California Press, 1971. ISBN: 9780520020559. [Preview with Google Books]

———. “Endorsement of Revolutions.” Chapter 4 in Revolution and Chinese Foreign Policy: Peking’s Support for Wars of National Liberation. University of California Press, 1971. ISBN: 9780520020559. [Preview with Google Books]

———. “Relations with Revolutionary Moments.” Chapter 5 in Revolution and Chinese Foreign Policy: Peking’s Support for Wars of National Liberation. University of California Press, 1992. ISBN: 9780520020559. [Preview with Google Books]

———. “Selection of Targets for Revolution.” Chapter 6 in Revolution and Chinese Foreign Policy: Peking’s Support for Wars of National Liberation. University of California Press, 1971. ISBN: 9780520020559. [Preview with Google Books]

———. “The Cultural Revolution.” Chapter 8 in Revolution and Chinese Foreign Policy: Peking’s Support for Wars of National Liberation. University of California Press, 1971. ISBN: 9780520020559. [Preview with Google Books]

Christensen, Thomas J. “Worse Than a Monolith: Disorganization and Rivalry within Asian Communist Alliances and U.S. Containment Challenges, 1949–69.” Asian Security 1, no. 1 (2005): 80–127.

4 Territorial disputes and use of force

Fravel, M. Taylor. Strong Borders, Secure Nation: Cooperation and Conflict in China’s Territorial Disputes. Princeton University Press, 2008. ISBN: 9780691136097. [Preview with Google Books]

Carlson, Allen. “Constructing the Dragon’s Scales: China’s Approach to Territorial Sovereignty and Border Relations in the 1980s and 1990s.” Journal of Contemporary China 12, no. 37 (2003): 677–98.

Whiting, Allen S. “China’s Use of Force, 1950–96, and Taiwan.” International Security 26, no.2 (2001): 103–31.

Johnston, Alastair Iain. “China’s Militarized Interstate Dispute Behaviour 1949–1992: A First Cut at the Data.” China Quarterly 153 (1998): 1–30.

 ———. “Cultural Realism and Strategy in Maoist China.” Chapter 7 in The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics. Edited by Peter J. Katzenstein. Columbia University Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780231104692.

5 Nuclear weapons

Lewis, John Wilson, and Xue Litai. “Strategic Weapons and Chinese Power: The Formative Years.” China Quarterly 112 (1987): 541–54.

Goldstein, Avery. “Understanding Nuclear Proliferation: Theoretical Explanation and China’s National Experience.” Security Studies 2, no. 3–4 (1993): 213–55.

Johnston, Alastair Iain. “China’s New ‘Old Thinking’: The Concept of Limited Deterrence.” International Security 20, no. 3 (1995–1996): 5–42.

———. “Learning Versus Adaptation: Explaining Change in Chinese Arms Control Policy in the 1980s and 1990s.” China Journal 35 (1996): 27–61.

Yunzhu, Yao. “Chinese Nuclear Policy and the Future of Minimum Deterrence.” Chapter 8 in Perspectives on Sino-American Strategic Nuclear Issues. Edited by Christopher P. Twomey. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. ISBN: 9780230606609. [Preview with Google Books]

Fravel, M. Taylor, and Evan S. Medeiros. “China’s Search for Assured Retaliation: The Evolution of Chinese Nuclear Strategy and Force Structure.” International Security 35, no. 2 (2010): 48–87.

Christensen, Thomas J. “The Meaning of the Nuclear Evolution: China’s Strategic Modernization and US-China Security Relations.” Journal of Strategic Studies 35, no. 4 (2012): 447–87.

Riqiang, Wu. “Certainty of Uncertainty: Nuclear Strategy with Chinese Characteristics.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no. 4 (2013): 579–614.

6 Decision-making

Lampton, David M., ed. The Making of Chinese Foreign and Security Policy in the Era of Reform. Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780804740562. [Preview with Google Books]

Swaine, Michael D. “China’s Assertive Behavior, Part Three: The Role of the Military in Foreign Policy.China Leadership Monitor 36 (2012).

7 Nationalism

Oksenberg, Michel. “China’s Confident Nationalism.” Foreign Affairs 65, no. 3 (1986): 501–23.

Whiting, Allen S. “Assertive Nationalism in Chinese Foreign Policy.” Asian Survey 23, no. 8 (1983): 913–33.

He, Yinan. “Remembering and Forgetting the War: Elite Mythmaking, Mass Reaction, and Sino-Japanese Relations, 1950–2006.” History & Memory 19, no. 2 (2007): 43–74.

Gries, Peter Hays. “Tears of Rage: Chinese Nationalist Reactions to the Belgrade Embassy Bombing.” (PDF - 3.5MB) China Journal 46 (2001): 25–43.

Zhao, Dingxin. “Nationalism and Authoritarianism: Student-Government Conflicts during the 1999 Beijing Student Protests after the Belgrade Embassy Bombing.” Asian Perspective 27, no. 1 (2003): 5–34.

Zhao, Suisheng. “China’s Pragmatic Nationalism: Is It Manageable?Washington Quarterly 29, no. 1 (2005–06): 131–144.

Downs, Erica Strecker, and Phillip C. Saunders. “Legitimacy and the Limits of Nationalism: China and the Diaoyu Islands.” International Security 23, no. 3 (1998–1999): 114–146.

Ross, Robert S. “China’s Naval Nationalism: Sources, Prospects, and the U.S. Response.” (PDF) International Security 34, no. 2 (2009): 46–81.

Weiss, Jessica Chen. “Authoritarian Signaling, Mass Audiences, and Nationalist Protest in China.” International Organization 67, no. 1 (2013): 1–35.

8 Foreign economic policies

Buy at MIT Press Naughton, Barry J. “International Trade.” Chapter 16 in The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth. MIT Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780262640640. [Preview with Google Books]

Wang, Hongying. “China’s Exchange Rate Policy in the Aftermath of the Asian Financial Crisis.” Chapter 7 in Monetary Orders: Ambiguous Economics, Ubiquitous Politics. Edited by Jonathan Kirshner. Cornell University Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780801488405. [Preview with Google Books]

Pearson, Margaret M. “China in Geneva: Lessons from China’s Early Years in the World Trade Organization.” Chapter 9 in New Directions in the Study of China’s Foreign Policy. Edited by Alastair Iain Johnston and Robert S. Ross. Stanford University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780804753630. [Preview with Google Books]

Yong, Wang. “China’s Stakes in World Trade Organization Accession: The Internal Decision-making Process.” Chapter 2 in China’s Accession to the World Trade Organization: National and International Perspectives. Edited by Heike Holbig and Robert Ash. Routledge, 2002. ISBN: 9780700716616. [Preview with Google Books]

Kastner, Scott L. “Does Economic Integration Across the Taiwan Strait Make Military Conflict Less Likely?Journal of East Asian Studies 6, no. 3 (2006): 319–46.

Kirshner, Johnathan. “The Consequences China’s Economic Rise for Sino-U.S. Relations: Rivalry, Political Conflict, and (Not) War.” Chapter 10 in China’s Ascent: Power, Security, and the Future of International Politics. Edited by Robert S. Ross and Zhu Feng. Cornell University Press, 2008. ISBN: 9780801474446. [Preview with Google Books]

Zeng, Ka. “Multilateral versus Bilateral and Regional Trade Liberalization: Explaining China’s Pursuit of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs).” Journal of Contemporary China 19, no. 66 (2010): 635–52.

Drezner, Daniel W. “Bad Debts: Assessing China’s Financial Influence in Great Power Politics.” (PDF) International Security 34, no. 2 (2009): 7–45.

Reilly, James. “China’s Unilateral Sanctions.” Washington Quarterly 35, no. 4 (2012): 121–33.

9 Participation in international institutions

Johnston, Alastair Iain. Social States: China in International Institutions, 1980–2000. Princeton University Press, 2007. ISBN: 9780691134536. [Preview with Google Books]

Wang, Hongying. “Multilateralism in Chinese Foreign Policy: The Limits of Socialization.” Asian Survey 40, no. 3 (2000): 475–91.

Carlson, Allen. “More Than Just Saying No: China’s Evolving Approach to Sovereignty and Intervention Since Tiananmen.” Chapter 8 in New Directions in the Study of China’s Foreign Policy. Edited by Alastair Iain Johnston, and Robert S. Ross. Stanford University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780804753630. [Preview with Google Books]

Moore, Thomas G. “Racing to integrate, or cooperating to compete?: Liberal and realist interpretations of China’s new multilateralism.” Chapter 3 in China Turns to Multilateralism: Foreign Policy and Regional Security. Edited by Guoguang Wu, and Helen Landsdowne. Routledge, 2011. ISBN: 9780415666466. [Preview with Google Books]

Richardson, Courtney. “A Responsible Power? China and the UN Peacekeeping Regime.” International Peacekeeping 18, no. 3 (2011): 286–97.

Wuthnow, Joel , Xin Li, and Lingling Qi. “Diverse Multilateralism: Four Strategies in China’s Multilateral Diplomacy.” Journal of Chinese Political Science 17, no. 3 (2012): 269–90.

10 Military strategy

Fravel, M. Taylor. Chapters 1, 2, and 5 in Active Defense: Examining the Evolution of China’s Military Strategy. (forthcoming).

Godwin, Paul H. B. “Change and Continuity in Chinese Military Doctrine, 1949–1999.” Chapter 2 in Chinese Warfighting: The PLA Experience Since 1949. Edited by Mark A. Ryan, David M. Finkelstein, and Michael A. McDevitt. East Gate Book, 2003. ISBN: 9780765610881. [Preview with Google Books]

Guangqian, Peng, and Yao Youzhi, eds. “War, Strategy and Science of Strategy.” Chapter 1 in The Science of Military Strategy. Military Science Publishing House, 2005. ISBN: 9787801378927.

———. “Evolution and Laws of Strategic Theories.” Chapter 3 in The Science of Military Strategy. Military Science Publishing House, 2005. ISBN: 9787801378927.

———. “Strategic Deterrence.” Chapter 9 in The Science of Military Strategy. Military Science Publishing House, 2005. ISBN: 9787801378927.

———. “Principles of Strategic Actions.” Chapter 10 in The Science of Military Strategy. Military Science Publishing House, 2005. ISBN: 9787801378927.

———. “Rise of the High-Tech Local War and Its Historic Status.” Chapter 20 in The Science of Military Strategy. Military Science Publishing House, 2005. ISBN: 9787801378927.

———. “Features and Tendency of Development of Modern High-Tech Local War.” Chapter 21 in The Science of Military Strategy. Military Science Publishing House, 2005. ISBN: 9787801378927.

———. “Strategic Guidance of High-Tech Local War.” Chapter 22 in The Science of Military Strategy. Military Science Publishing House, 2005. ISBN: 9787801378927.

———. “High-Tech Local Wars That China May Face in the Future.” Chapter 23 in The Science of Military Strategy. Military Science Publishing House, 2005. ISBN: 9787801378927.

———. “China’s Strategic Guidance on Future High-Tech Local War.” Chapter 24 in The Science of Military Strategy. Military Science Publishing House, 2005. ISBN: 9787801378927.

11 Assertiveness and prospects

Schweller, Randall. “Managing the Rise of Great Powers: History and Theory.” Chapter 1 in Engaging China: The Management of an Emerging Power. Edited by Alastair Iain Johnston and Robert S. Ross. Routledge, 1999. ISBN: 9780415208413. [Preview with Google Books]

Johnston, Alastair Iain. “Is China a Status Quo Power?International Security 27, no. 4 (2003): 5–56.

Friedberg, Aaron. “The Future of U.S.-China Relations: Is Conflict Inevitable?International Security 30, no. 2 (2005): 7–45.

Mearsheimer, John J. “China’s Unpeaceful Rise.” (PDF) Current History 105, no. 690 (2006): 160–2.

Fravel, M. Taylor. “International Relations Theory and China’s Rise: Assessing China’s Potential for Territorial Expansion.” International Studies Review 12, no. 4 (2010): 505–32.

Beckley, Michael. “China’s Century? Why America’s Edge Will Endure.” (PDF) International Security 36, no. 3 (2011/12): 41–78.

Johnston, Alastair Iain. “How New and Assertive Is China’s New Assertiveness?International Security 37, no. 4 (2013): 7–48.

Goldstein, Avery. “First Things First: The Pressing Danger of Crisis Instability in U.S.-China Relations.” International Security 37, no. 4 (2013): 49–89.

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