24.962 | Spring 2005 | Graduate
Advanced Phonology


Readings are also available by session.

Selected References

ROA = Rutgers Optimality Archive

Alderete, Beckman, Benua, Gnanadesikan, McCarthy, and Urbanczyk. “Reduplication with Fixed Segmentism.” Linguistic Inquiry 30 (1999): 327-364.

Benua, L. Transderivational Identity: Phonological Relations Between Words. University of Massachusetts Dissertation, 1997. (PDF)

Broselow, E., and J. McCarthy. “A Theory of Internal Reduplication.” The Linguistic Review 3 (1983/1984): 25-88.

Burzio, L. “Sources of Paradigm Uniformity.” In Paradigms in Phonological Theory. Edited by Downing, Hall, and Raffelsiefen. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Chung, S. “Transderivational Relationships in Chamorro Phonology.” Language 59 (1983): 35-66.

Inkelas, Orgun, and Zoll. “Exceptions and Static Phonological Patterns: Cophonologies vs. Prespecification.” 1997. ROA 124.

Ito, J., and A. Mester. “Sympathy Theory and German Truncations.” 1997. ROA 211.

———. “On the Sources of Opacity in OT: Coda Processes in German.” In The Syllable in Optimality Theory. Edited by Caroline Féry, and Ruben van de Vijver. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 271-303. ISBN: 0521772621. (PDF)

Kenstowicz, M., and C. Kisseberth. Topics in Phonological Theory. Burlington, MA: Academic Press, 1977. ISBN: 0124051502.

———. “Uniform Exponence: Exemplification and Extension.” 1998. ROA 230.

Kiparsky. P. “Word Formation and the Lexicon.” In Proceedings of the 1982 Mid-America Linguistics Conference. Edited by Ingemann. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas, 1982.

———. “Opacity and Cyclicity.” The Linguistic Review 17 (2000): 351-367.

———. Chapter 1, section 1.3: Stratal OT vs. Sympathy. 2004.

Lombardi, L. “Evidence for Max Feature.” 1998. ROA 247.

Marantz, A. “Re Reduplication.” Linguistic Inquiry 13 (1982): 435-482.

McCarthy, J. “Sympathy and Phonological Opacity.” Phonology 16 (1999): 331-399. (PDF)

———. “Comparative Markedness. (PDF) " Theoretical Linguistics 29 (2003): 1-51.

———. “Optimal Paradigms.” In Paradigms in Phonological Theory. Edited by Downing, Hall, and Raffelsiefen. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2002, 2005. ISBN: 0199267715. (PDF)

McCarthy, J., and A. Prince. “The Emergence of the Unmarked: Optimality in Prosodic Morphology.” 1994. ROA 13.

———. “Faithfulness and Reduplicative Identity.” UMOP. Vol. 18. Edited by Beckman, Dickey, and Urbanczyk. Amherst, MA: GLSA, 1995. (PDF)

Mohanan, K. P. “Lexical Phonology.” 1982/1986. The Theory of Lexical Phonology. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel Publishing Co.,  Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic (in United States), 1986. ISBN: 9027722277.

Prince, A., and J. McCarthy. “The Emergence of the Unmarked: Optimality in Prosodic Morphology.” NELS. Vol. 24. Edited by M. Gonzalez. Amherst, MA: GLSA, 1994, pp. 333-379. (PDF)

Rose, S., and R. Walker. “A Typology of Consonant Agreement as Correspondence.” Language 80 (2004): 475-531. (PDF)

Steriade, D. “Lexical Conservatism.” In Proceedings of the 25th Linguistic Colloquium on Romance Languages. Edited by M. Authier, B. Bullock, and L. Reed, J. Benjamnins, 1999.

Zuraw, Kie. “Aggressive Reduplication.” Phonology 19 (2002): 395-439.

Kiparsky, P. “‘Elsewhere’ in Phonology.” In A Festschrift for Morris Halle. Edited by S. Anderson, and P. Kiparsky. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1973. pp. 93-106. ISBN: 0030865956.

Readings by Session

Lec # topics readings
Correspondence Theory
1 Correspondence Theory Basics  
2 Correspondence Theory (cont.) McCarthy and Prince (1994) Appendix
3 MAX F Constraints and Positional Faithfulness Lombardi (1998) (optional)
4 Reduplication: Basic Laws Marantz (1982)
5 Reduplicative Correspondence McCarthy and Prince (1994)
6 Reduplicant Size and Placement  
7 Reduplicant Size and Placement (cont.) Broselow and McCarthy (1983) (optional)
8 BR vs. IR Correspondence

McCarthy and Prince (1994)

Alderete et. al. (1999)

9 Emergence of the Unmarked, and Non-reduplicative Correspondence

Zuraw (2002)

Rose and Walker (2004)

Lexical Phonology and Cyclicity Effects
10 Lexical vs. Postlexical Phonology

Kiparsky (1982)

Chung (1983)

11 Cyclicity and its OT Translations  
12 OO Correspondence  
13 Base-derivative Correspondence Benua (1997)
Paradigm Uniformity
14 Paradigm Uniformity Steriade (1999)
15 Paradigm Uniformity (cont.) McCarthy (2003)
16 More on Paradigm Regularization  
17 Overview: Types of Opacity  
18 Characteristics of Opacity McCarthy (1999)
19 Formalization of Opacity in OT Ito and Mester (2003)

Sympathy Theory

Other Approaches to Opacity

Kiparsky (1973)
21 Comparative Markedness McCarthy (2003)
22 Introduction to Exceptions Kenstowicz and Kisseberth 
(1977) Chapter 2, Sec. 3.1
23 The Representation of Exceptions  
24 What is regular, and what is an exception? Zuraw (2002)
Student Presentations
25 Student Presentations, Part 1  
26 Student Presentations, Part 2  

Course Info
As Taught In
Spring 2005
Learning Resource Types
notes Lecture Notes
assignment Problem Sets