4.205 | Fall 2009 | Undergraduate
Analysis of Contemporary Architecture

Readings

Required Books

[AC] = Colquhoun, Alan. Modern Architecture. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780192842268.

[KF] = Frampton, Kenneth. Modern Architecture: A Critical History. London, UK: Thames and Hudson, 1992. ISBN: 9780500202579.

[UC] = Buy at MIT Press Conrads, Ulrich. Programs and Manifestoes on 20th-Century Architecture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1970. ISBN: 9780262030397.

Le Corbusier. Towards a New Architecture. Architectural Press, 1946.

[RB] = Buy at MIT Press Banham, Reyner. Theory and Design in the First Machine Age. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1980. ISBN: 9780262520584.

Venturi, Robert. Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. New York, NY: Museum of Modern Art, 1977. ISBN: 9780870702815.

Buy at MIT Press Venturi, Robert, Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour. Learning from Las Vegas. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1977. ISBN: 9780262720069.

Buy at MIT Press Hays, Michael K. Architecture Theory Since 1968. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780262581882.

———. Oppositions Reader: Selected Readings from a Journal for Ideas and Criticism in Architecture, 1973-1984. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press, 1998. ISBN: 9781568981536.

[JO] = Ockman, Joan. Architecture Culture, 1943-1968. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 1993. ISBN: 9780847815227.

LEC # TOPICS READINGS
1 Introduction No readings
2 Louis Sullivan: Adler and Sullivan

Required

[AC] “Organicism versus Classicism: Chicago 1890-1910.” Pp. 35-50.

[KF] “Adler and Sullivan, the Auditorium and the High Rise, 1886-95.” Chapter 2, pp. 51-56.

Sullivan, Louis H., “The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered.” Lippincott Magazine, 1896. (PDF)

Morrison, Hugh. “Youth and Early Training,” “Auditorium Building,” “Giving Form to the Skyscraper,” and “Sullivan’s Architectural Theory.” Pp. 1-29, 56-84, 111-146, and 195-224 in Louis Sullivan, Prophet of Modern Architecture. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Co., 1998. ISBN: 9780393730234.

Wright, Frank Lloyd. “Book Three: Foreground.” Genius and the Mobocracy. New York, NY: Duell, Sloan, & Pearce, 1949. ISBN: 9780818000225.

3 Frank Lloyd Wright

Required

[AC] “Organicism versus Classicism: Chicago 1890-1910.” Pp. 51-55.

[KF] “Frank Lloyd Wright and the Myth of the Prairie, 1890-1916.” Pp. 57-63 and “Frank Lloyd Wright and the Disappearing City.” Pp. 187-191.

[UC] “Organic Architecture.” Pp. 25, 124-125.

[JO] Read pp. 31-41.

Wright, Frank Lloyd. “In Order to Be Modern, 1930.” Pp. 337-338 in Frank Lloyd Wright Collected Writings, Vol. 1. Edited by Bruce Brooks Pfieffer. ISBN: 9780847815463.

Wright, Frank Lloyd. “In the Logic of Contemporary Architecture,” and “The Art and Craft of the Machine, 1901.” Pp. 339-341 and 58-69 in Frank Lloyd Wright Collected Writings, Vol. 1. Edited by Bruce Brooks Pfieffer. ISBN: 9780847815463.

Scully, Vincent. Frank Lloyd Wright: Masters of World Architecture. New York, NY: George Braziller, 1960, pp. 11-32. ISBN: 9780807602218.

4 Adolf Loos, Peter Behrens and the German Werkbund

[AC] Pp. 57-85

[UC] Pp. 19-24; 26-48

[KF] “Adolf Loos and the Crisis of Culture 1896-1931.” Pp. 90-95 and “The Deutsche Werkbund 1898-1927.” Pp. 109-115.

[RB] “Adolf Loos and the Problem of Ornament.” Pp. 88-97

Sarnitz, August. “Introduction” and “The Poor Little Rich Man.” Pp. 1-21 in Adolf Loos:1870-1933: Architect, Cultural Critic, Dandy. Cologne, Germany: Taschen, 2003. ISBN: 9783822827727.

Campbell, Joan. “Introduction.” Pp. 3-8 in The German Werkbund: the Politics of Reform in the Applied Arts. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978. ISBN: 9780691052502.

5 De Stijl and Schrader Schroder house

Required

[AC] Pp. 109-120

[UC] Pp. 39-40;64-67; and 78-80

[KF] Chapter 16, pp. 142-148

[RB] “De Stijl: The International Phase.” Pp.185-200

[RB] “De Stijl: The Dutch Phase.” Pp.148-162

Yve-Alain, Bois. “Mondrian and the Theory of Architecture.” Assemblage 4 (1987): 102-130.

Buy at MIT Press Overy, Paul, and Lenneke Buller, “Interview with Truus Schroder.” Pp. 42-103 in The Rietveld Schroder House. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1988. ISBN: 9780262150330.

6 Walter Gropius: Bauhaus and Harvard

Required

[AC] Pp. 159-170

[UC] Pp.44-53; 69-70; 95-97

[KF] Pp. 123-141

Gropius, Walter. “The Bauhaus: Crafts or Industry?” Journal of Architectural Education 18, no. 2 (1963): 31-32.

Buy at MIT Press Wingler, Hans Maria. Read pp. 136-137 in The Bauhaus: Weimar, Dessau, Berlin, Chicago. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, ISBN: 9780262730471.

Giedion, Sigfried. Walter Gropius: Work and Teamwork. New York, NY: Reinhold Publishing, 1954, pp. 3-44.

Pearlman, Jill. “Joseph Hudnut’s Other Modernism at the ‘Harvard Bauhaus’.” The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 56, no. 4 (1997): 452-477.

Pehnt, Wolfgang. “Gropius the Romantic.” The Art Bulletin 53, no. 3 (1971): 379-392.

Burchard, Charles. “Gropius at Harvard.” Journal of Architectural Education 14, no. 2 (1959): 23-25.

7 Visit Gropius House, Lincoln, MA No readings
8

Le Corbusier buildings and cities

Documentary: La Tourette

Required

[AC] Pp. 137-157; 209-216

[UC] Pp. 59-62; 89-94; 99-101

[KF] Chapter 17, pp. 149-160; and chapter 20, pp. 224-230

Brooks, H. Allen. “Childhood and Early Schooling, 1887-1902.” Pp. 3-21 in Le Corbusier’s Formative Years: Charles-Edouard Jeanneret at La Chaux-de-Fonds. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780226075822.

Von Moos, Stanislaus. “Urbanism.” Pp. 187-238 in Le Corbusier: Elements of a Synthesis. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1982. ISBN: 9780262720083.

9

Mies van der Rohe: Berlin and America, less is more

Documentary: Mies

Required

[AC] Pp. 170-181; 231-246

[KF] Chapter 18, pp. 161-166; and chapter 26, pp. 231-237

[UC] Pp.74-75; 81-82; 102; 123; 154

Schultz, Franz. “Weimar at the Flood,” and “America: The Triumph of Steel and Glass.” Pp. 131-173 and 239-283 in Mies van der Rohe: A Critical Biography. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780226740607.

Lambert, Phyllis. “Space and Structure,” and “The Seagram Building.” Pp. 332-353 and 390-406 in Mies in America. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, 2003. ISBN: 9780920785690.

10 Philip Johnson and the International Style of 1932

Required

[AC] Pp. 231-247

[KF] Pp. 238-261

Hitchcock, Henry R., and Philip Johnson. The International Style: Architecture Since 1922. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 1932, pp. 11-21, 35-77.

Blake, Peter. “Introduction.” Pp. 9-22 in Philip Johnson. Germany: Birkhauser Basel, 1996. ISBN: 9783764353933.

Hitchcock, H. Russell. “Twenty Years after International Style.” Pp. 137-148 in [JO].

Matthews, Henry. “The Promotion of Modern Architecture by the Museum of Modern Art in the 1930s.” Journal of Design History 7, no. 1 (1994): 43-59

Schultz, Franz. “MoMA, Russell, and the New Style,” and “Barr Again, MoMA again, Mies Again.” Pp. 58-86 and 171-198 in Philip Johnson: Life and Works. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780226740584.

11 Alvar Aalto

Required

[AC] Pp. 193-207

[KF] Chapter 22, pp. 192-202

Aalto, Alvar. “The Architects Conscience.” Pp. 249-252 in [JO].

Schildt, Goran. Alvar Aalto. The Early Years. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 1984, pp. 15-16. ISBN: 9780847805310.

Pallasmaa, Juhani. (1998). “Alvar Aalto: Towards a Synthetic Functionalism.” In Alvar Aalto: Between Humanism and Materialism. New York, NY: Abrams, 1998, pp. 21-44. ISBN: 9780810961838.

Schildt, Goran. “Return to America,” and “Aalto at MIT.” Pp. 96-107 and 117-129 in Alvar Aalto: The Mature Years. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 1991. ISBN: 9780847813292.

12 Louis Kahn

Required

[AC] Pp. 248-254

[KF] Chapter 27, pp.238-246

Kahn, Louis. “Monumentality.” Pp. 47-54 in [JO].

Tyng, Anne G. Louis Kahn to Anne Tyng: The Rome Letters 1953-1954. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 1997, pp. 61-79. ISBN: 9780847820092.

Twombly, Robert C. “Form and Design.” In Louis Kahn: Essential Texts. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 2003, pp. 62-74. ISBN: 9780393731132.

Goldhagen, Sarah W. “Struggling for a New Idiom: the Trenton Jewish Community Center and Bathhouse, and the Philadelphia Civic Center Plan.” In Louis Kahn’s Situated Modernism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002, pp. 102-111. ISBN: 9780300077865.

Burton, Joseph. “Notes from volume Zero: Louis Khan and the Language of God.” Perspecta 20 (1983): 69-90.

Anderson, Stanford. “Public Institutions: Louis I. Kahn’s Readings of Volume Zero.” Journal of Architectural Education 49, no. 1 (1995): 10-21.

13 Eero Saarinen, Paul Rudolph

Required

Tamko, Allan. “Search for Form: Expression and Overexpression.” Pp. 33-48 in Eero Saarinen. 1962.

Monk, Anthony. “Pen Portraits.” In The Art and Architecture of Paul Rudolph. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1999, pp. 20-25. ISBN: 9780471997788.

Merkel, Jayne. Eero Saarinen. London, UK: Phaidon Press, 2005, pp. 35-81. ISBN: 9780714842776.

Buy at MIT Press Rohan, Timothy M. “The Dangers of Eclecticism: Paul Rudolph’s Jewett Arts Center at Wellesley.” In Anxious Modernisms: Experimentation in Postwar American Culture. Edited by Sarah Williams Goldhagen. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001, pp. 191-214. ISBN: 9780262072083.

14 Case-study house program

Required

[AC] Pp. 233-237

Buy at MIT Press Smith, Elizabeth. “Introduction.” In Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780262692137.

Buy at MIT Press McCoy, Esther. “Art and Architecture: Case Study Houses.” Pp. 15-39 in Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses. Edited by Elizabeth Smith. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780262692137.

Buy at MIT Press Hayden, Dolores. “Model Houses for the Millions.” Pp. 197-209 in Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses. Edited by Elizabeth Smith. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780262692137.

Buy at MIT Press Smith, Elizabeth. “Art and Architecture and the Los Angeles Vanguard.” Pp. 145-165 in Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780262692137.

Buy at MIT Press Isenstadt, Sandy. “Richard Neutra and the Psychology of Architectural Consumption.” Pp. 97-117 in Anxious Modernisms: Experimentations in Postwar American Culture. Edited by Sarah Williams Goldhagen. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780262571654.

15 Field trip to Yale, overnight stay with Sunday trip to Exeter Library No readings
16 Urbanism CIAM and Team X

Required

[AC] Pp.217-229

[KF] Chapter 3, pp. 269-279

[UC] “CIAM 1, La Sarraz Declaration.” Pp.109-113

Buy at MIT Press Frampton, Kenneth. “Forward.” In The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928-1960. By Eric Mumford. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780262632638.

Buy at MIT Press Mumford, Eric. “After CIAM.” Pp. 267-274 in The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928-1960. By Eric Mumford. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780262632638.

Buy at MIT Press Mumford, Eric. “CIAM 1,” and “Team X and CIAM 10, Dubrovnik, 1956.” Pp. 9-27 and 238-265 in The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928-1960. By Eric Mumford. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780262632638.

17 Aldo Van Eyck

Required

[KF] Pp. 271-279

Mumford, Eric. Hertzberger, Herman. “The Mechanism of the Twentieth Century and the Architecture of Aldo Van Eyck.” Pp. 7-27 in Aldo Van Eyck. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Stichting Wonen/Van Loghum Slaterus. 1982. ISBN: 9789060017616.

18 James Stirling

Required

[KF] Chapter 2, pp. 262-268

Stirling, James. “The Functional Tradition and Expression,” and “Methods of Expression and Materials.” Pp. 78-87 and 125-131 in Stirling: Writing on Architecture. Edited by Robert Maxwell. Milan, Italy: Skira, 1998. ISBN: 9788881183234.

Stirling, James. “Afterthoughts on the Flats at Ham Common,” “An Architect’s Approach to Architecture,” “Anti-Structure,” and “James Stirling and Michael Dennis. NOtes from an Informal Discussion.” Pp. 73-77; 88-109; 110-123; and 210-223 in Stirling: Writing on Architecture. Edited by Robert Maxwell. Milan, Italy: Skira, 1998. ISBN: 9788881183234.

19 Aldo Rossi and Carlo Scarpa

Required

[KF] Pp. 294-295

Scully, Vincent. “The Ends of the Century Finds a Poet.” Pp. 12-13 in Aldo Rossi: Buildings and Projects. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 1991. 12-13. ISBN: 9780847804993.

Buy at MIT Press Rossi, Aldo. The Architecture of the City. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1984. Pp. 13-27. ISBN: 9780262680431.

Zambonini, Giuseppe. “Process and Theme in the Work of Carlo Scarpa.” Perspecta 20 (1983): 21-42.

Moneo, Rafael. “Aldo Rossi: The Idea of Architecture and the Modena Cemetary.” Pp. 105-134 in Oppositions Reader: Selected Readings from a Journal for ideas and Criticism in Architecture, 1973-1984. Edited by Michael K. Hays. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press, 1998. ISBN: 9781568981536.

Dal Co, Francesco. “The Architecture of Carlo Scarpa.” Pp. 24-72 in Carlo Scarpa: The Complete Works. 1985.

20 Five Architects: Eisenman, Graves, Gwathmey, Hejduk, Meier

Required

Rowe, Colin. “Introduction.” Pp. 3-8 in Five Architects: Eisenman, Graves, Gwathmey, Hejduk, Meier. Edited by Peter Eisenman. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1975. ISBN: 9780195197945.

Johnson, Philip. “Post Script.” Pp. 137-138 in Five Architects: Eisenman, Graves, Gwathmey, Hejduk, Meier. Edited by Peter Eisenman. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1975. ISBN: 9780195197945.

Buy at MIT Press Rowe, Colin. “Transparency: Literal and Phenomenal.” Pp. 159-182 in The Mathematics of the Ideal Villa and Other Essays. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1982. ISBN: 9780262680370.

Rowe, Colin, and Robert Slutsky. “Transparency: Literal and Phenomenal, part 2.” Pp. 205-225 in [JO].

21 Post Modernism: Less is a bore

Required

Harvey, David. “Postmodernism in the City: Architecture and Urban Design.” Pp. 66-98 in The Condition of Postmodernity. New York, NY: Wiley-Blackwell, 1991. ISBN: 9780631162940.

Jencks, Charles. The Language of Post-Modern Architecture. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 1977, pp. 9-37; 39-63. ISBN: 9780847801671.

Venturi, Robert. Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. New York, NY: Museum of Modern Art, 2002, pp. 9-55. ISBN: 9780870702822.

Buy at MIT Press Venturi, Robert, Denise Scott Brown and Steven Izenour. “Part II: Ugly and Ordinary Architecture, or the Decorated Shed.” Pp. 87-163 in Learning from Las Vegas. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1977. ISBN: 9780262720069.

22 Deconstructivist architecture

Required

Buy at MIT Press Wigley, Mark. The Architecture of Deconstruction: Derrida’s Haunt. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780262731140.

———. “Postmortem Architecture: The Taste of Derrida.” Perspecta 23 (1987): 156-72.

23

Rem Koolhaas and Frank Gehry

Documentary: Sketches of Frank Gehry

Required

Koolhaas, Rem. “Junk Space.” A+U May 2000 Special issue OMA@work, 16-24.

———. “Bigness & Velocity.” A+U May 2000 Special issue OMA@work, 196-208.

Lucan, Jacques. OMA – Rem Koolhaas: Architecture 1970-1990 (1991): 8-31.

24 Suburbia, sprawl, Congress for New Urbanism, Duany Plater-Zyberk

Required

Bressi, Todd. The Seaside Debates: A Critique of the New Urbanism. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 2002, pp. 27-58. ISBN: 9780847823451.

Mohney, David. “Interview with Andres Duany,” and “Interview with Elizabeth Plater-Zyber.” Pp. 62-85 in Seaside: Making a Town in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Architectural Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780910413268.

Love, Tim. “Ideology vs. Pragmatism in New Urbanism.” Constructs, Yale School of Architecture, Fall 2008.

Duany, Andres. “The Devil is in the Details” and “The House that Sprawl Built.” Chapters 2 and 3 in Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream. New York, NY: North Point Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780865476066.

Anderson, Stanford. “The ‘New Empiricism-Bay Region Axis’: Kay Fisker and Postwar Debates on Functionalism, Regionalism, and Monumentality.” Journal of Architectural Education 50, no. 3 (1997): 197-207.

25 William McDonough, Green building practices

Required

McDonough, William, and Michael Baaungart. “Waste Equals Food.” Pp. 92-118 in Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way we Make Things. New York, NY: North Point Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780865475878.

“Calling Mr. Green.” New York Times Magazine, May 20, 2007.

26 Final review exhibition  
Course Info
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As Taught In
Fall 2009
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group_work Projects with Examples