Part 1

TEXTBOOK CONTENTS FILES
Part 1: General Ocean Circulation

1: Deep Circulation of the World Ocean, Bruce A. Warren, pp. 6-41

1.1 Introduction, p. 6 
1.2 Historical Development of Ideas about the Deep Circulation, pp. 7-10 
1.3 A Dynamical Framework, pp. 11-14 
1.4 Sources of Deep Water, pp. 15-25 
1.5 Deep Western Boundary Currents in the World Ocean, pp. 26-37 
1.6 Why Is There a Deep Thermohaline Circulation At All?, pp. 38-39 
Notes, pp. 40-41

Chapter 1 - complete (PDF - 4.4MB)

Chapter 1 - sections:

1.1 - 1.4 (PDF - 2.6MB
1.5 - Notes (PDF - 1.9MB)

2: The Water Masses of the World Ocean: Some Results of a Fine-Scale Census, L.V. Worthington, pp. 42-69

2.1 Introduction, p. 42 
2.2 Methods of Describing the Oceans, p. 43 
2.3 The World Water Masses As They Exist in the Second Half of This Century, pp. 44-56 
2.4 The Formation of Water Masses, pp. 57-59 
Appendix: Census of World-Ocean Water Masses with Division by Bivariate (C x 0/00) Classes and Rank by Volume, pp. 60-69

Chapter 2 - complete (PDF - 3.0MB)

Chapter 2 - sections:

2.1 - 2.3 (PDF - 1.9MB
2.4 - Appendix (PDF - 1.2MB)

3: On the Mid-Depth Circulation of the World Ocean, Joseph L. Reid, pp. 70-111

3.1 Introduction, p. 70 
3.2 The Circulation of the Upper Waters and Their Contribution to the Mid-Depths, pp. 70-71 
3.3 The Use of Geostrophy, pp. 72-73 
3.4 The Mid-Depth Circulation of the Atlantic Ocean from Core Analysis and Vertical Geostrophic Shear, pp. 74-78 
3.5 Studies of Total Transport and Layers, pp. 79-80 
3.6 Mid-Depth Studies Using Isopycnal Analysis, pp. 81-84 
3.7 Comparison of Relative Geostrophic Flow at Mid-Depth with Numerical Models of Transport, pp. 85-90 
3.8 Mid-Depth Patterns in the World Ocean, pp. 91-108 
3.9 Comparison of the Maps of Shear Field and Characteristics, p. 109 
3.10 Conclusion, pp. 110-111

Chapter 3 - complete (PDF - 5.0MB)

Chapter 3 - sections:

3.1 - 3.5 (PDF - 1.5MB
3.6 - 3.10 (PDF - 3.6MB)

4: The Gulf Stream System, N.P. Fofonoff, pp. 112-139

4.1 Introduction, p. 112 
4.2 The Gulf Stream System, p. 113 
4.3 The Florida Current, pp. 113-122 
4.4 The Gulf Stream, pp. 123-132 
4.5 The North Atlantic Current, pp. 133-136 
4.6 Summary and Conclusions, pp. 137-139

Chapter 4 - complete (PDF - 3.5MB)

Chapter 4 - sections:

4.1 - 4.3 (PDF - 1.6MB
4.4 - 4.6 (PDF - 1.9MB)

5: Dynamics of Large-Scale Ocean Circulation, George Veronis, pp. 140-183

5.1 Introduction and Summary, pp. 140-141 
5.2 The Equations for Large-Scale Dynamics, pp. 142-143 
5.3 The Quasi-Geostrophic Equations and the B-Plane, pp. 144-146 
5.4 Ekman Layers, pp. 147-148 
5.5 Steady Linear Models of the Wind-Driven Circulation, pp. 149-152 
5.6 Preliminary Nonlinear Considerations, pp. 153-156 
5.7 Why Does the Gulf Stream Leave the Coast?, p. 157 
5.8 Thermohaline Circulation, pp. 158-163 
5.9 Free Waves for a Constant-Depth Two-Layer Ocean on the B-Plane, p. 164 
5.10 Effect of Bottom Topography on Quasi-Geostrophic Waves, pp. 165-168 
5.11 Baroclinic Instability, pp. 169-173 
5.12 Effect of Nonlinearity and Turbulence, pp. 174-182 
Notes, p. 183

Chapter 5 - complete (PDF - 5.0MB)

Chapter 5 - sections:

5.1 - 5.7 (PDF - 2.1MB
5.8 - Notes (PDF - 3.0MB)

6: Equatorial Currents: Observations and Theory, Ants Leetmaa, Julian P. McCreary, Jr., and Dennis W. Moore, pp. 184-197

6.1 Introduction, p. 184 
6.2 Observations, pp. 185-187 
6.3 Theories, pp. 188-194 
6.4 Discussion, pp. 195-197

Chapter 6 - complete (PDF - 1.5MB)

Chapter 6 - sections:

6.1 - 6.2 (PDF
6.3 - 6.4 (PDF - 1.1MB)

7: On Estuarine and Continental-Shelf Circulation in the Middle Atlantic Bight, Robert C. Beardsley and William C. Boicourt, pp. 198-235

7.1 Introduction, p. 198 
7.2 Estuarine Circulation in the Middle Atlantic Bight, pp. 199-206 
7.3 Continental-Shelf Circulation, pp. 207-229 
Appendix: Annual Air-Sea Interaction Cycles and Mean Runoff for the Middle 
Atlantic Bight, pp. 230-232 
Notes, pp. 233-234

Chapter 7 - complete (PDF - 4.4 MB)

Chapter 7 - sections:

7.1 - 7.3 (PDF - 4.1 MB
Appendix - Notes (PDF)

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