STS.005 | Fall 2005 | Undergraduate

Disease and Society in America



Rosenberg, Charles. The Cholera Years. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1968 , 1987. ISBN: 9780226726793.

Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. A Midwife’s Tale. New York, NY: Knopf, 1990. ISBN: 9780394568447.

Starr, Paul. The Social Transformation of American Medicine. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1984. ISBN: 9780465079353.

Readings by Session

Lec # Topics READINGS
1 Introduction: Disease, Medicine, and Society  
2-3 Trans-Atlantic Epidemiology

Las Casas, Bartolomé de. The Devastation of the Indies: A Brief Account (1552). Translated by Herma Briffault. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992, pp. 27-47. ISBN: 9780801844300.

Leon-Portilla, Miguel, ed. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (1528?). Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1992, pp. 70-102. ISBN: 9780807055014.

Crosby, Alfred W. “Conquistador y Pestilencia.” In The Columbian exchange; biological and cultural consequences of 1492. Westport, CT: Greenwood Pub. Co., 1972, pp. 35-63. ISBN: 9780837158211.

Jones, David S. “Virgin Soils Revisited.” William and Mary Quarterly 60 (October 2003): 703-742.

4-5 Health and the Environment

Wood, William. New England’s Prospect (1634). Edited by Alden T. Vaughan. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1977, pp. 25-31. ISBN: 9780870232268.

Flint, Timothy. The History and Geography of the Mississippi Valley. To Which is Appended A Condensed Physical Geography of the Atlantic United States, and The Whole American Continent. 3rd ed. Vol I. Cincinnati, OH, E. Flint, MI, and Boston, MA: Carter, Hendee, and Co., 1833, pp. 35-40, 199-201, 223-224, 298-299, 331, and 407-408.

Kupperman, Karen Ordahl. “Fear of Hot Climates in the Anglo-American Colonial Experience.” William and Mary Quarterly 41 (1984): 213-240.

Valencius, Conevery Bolton. “The Geography of Health and the Making of the American West: Arkansas and Missouri, 1800-1860.” In Medical Geography in Historical Perspective. Edited by Nicolaas A. Rupke. London, UK: Wellcome Institute Trust for the History of Medicine, 2000, 2001, pp. 121-145. ISBN: 9780854840724.

6-7 Urbanization and Health

Pernick, Martin S. “Politics, Parties, and Pestilence: Epidemic Yellow Fever in Philadelphia and the Rise of the First Party System.” William and Mary Quarterly 29 (October 1972): 559-586.

Rosenberg, Charles E. The Cholera Years: The United States in 1832, 1849, and 1866 . Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1968, pp. 2-98. ISBN: 9780226726793.

8-9 Epidemiological Transitions

Omran, Abdel R. “The Epidemiologic Transition: A Theory of the Epidemiology of Population Change.” Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 49 (October 1971): 509-538.

McKinlay, John B., and Sonja M. McKinlay. “The Questionable Contribution of Medical Measures to the Decline of Mortality in the United States in the Twentieth Century.” Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly (Summer 1977): 405-428.

Marmot, Michael G. “Social Differentials in Health Within and Between Populations.” Daedalus 123 (Fall 1994): 197-216.

Wilkinson, Richard G. “The Epidemiological Transition: From Material Scarcity to Social Disadvantage?” Daedalus 123 (Fall 1994): 61-77.

10 Debate: Disease History and Health Policy  
11-12 Colonial Therapeutics

Josselyn, John. New-England’s Rarities: Discovered in the Birds, Beasts, Fishes, Serpents, and Plants of that Country [1672]. Edited by Edward Tuckerman. Boston, MA: William Veazie, 1865, pp. 31-35, 48-55, 71-84, and 151.

Heckewelder, John. An Account of the History, Manners, and Customs of the Indian Nations, Who Once Inhabited Pennsylvania and the Neighbouring States. Philadelphia, PA, 1819, pp. 221-244.

Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. A Midwife’s Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard, Based on Her Diary, 1785-1812. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990, pp. 1-71. ISBN: 9780394568447.

13-14 Medicine in the 18th century

Blake, John B. “The Inoculation Controversy in Boston, 1721-1722.” New England Quarterly 25 (1952): 489-506.

Buchan, William. Domestic Medicine Or, A Treatise on the Prevention and Cure of Diseases By Regimen and Simple Medicines. Exeter: J. B. Williams, 1785. Excerpts: Preface, Introduction, Diseases of the Studious, Knowledge and Cure of Diseases, Consumptions, Smallpox & Inoculation, Bleeding. A full text version of Domestic Medicine is available.

Kopperman, Paul. “‘Venerate the Lancet’: Benjamin Rush’s Yellow Fever Therapy in Context.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 78 (2004): 539-574.

15-16 Creating a Medical Profession

Louis, Pierre. Rechearches on the Effects of Bloodletting in Some Inflammatory Diseases. Boston, MA: C.G. Putnam, 1836, pp. 1-23, and 55-71.

Drake, Daniel. Practical Essays on Medical Education and the Medical Profession in the United States. Cincinnati, OH: Roff and Young, 1832, pp. 5-19, and 45-59.

Starr, Paul. The Social Transformation of American Medicine. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1984, pp. 30-59, and 79-112. ISBN: 9780465079353.

17-18 Scientific Racism/Sexism

Clarke, Edward H. Sex in Education; or, A Fair Chance for Girls. Boston, MA: James R. Osgood and Company, 1874, pp. 31-39, and 76-85.

Jackson, Mercy Bisbee. “Sex and Education.” In Sex and Education. Edited by Julia Ward Howe. A Reply to Dr. E. H. Clarke’s Sex in Education. Boston, MA: Roberts Brothers, 1874, pp. 150-163.

Jones, D. S. Rationalizing Epidemics: Meanings and Uses of American Indian Mortality since 1600. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004, pp. 118-144. ISBN: 9780674013056.

Brandt, Allan M. “Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.” Hastings Center Report 8 (1978): 21-29.

19-20 Therapeutic Revolutions

Pernick, Martin. “The Calculus of Suffering in 19th-Century Surgery.” Hastings Center Report 13 (April 1983): 26-36.

“Discussion on the Advisability of the Registration of Tuberculosis.” In Transactions of the College of Physicians 16. Philadelphia, PA, 1894, pp. 1-27.

Leavitt, Judith W. “‘Typhoid Mary’ Strikes Back: Bacteriological Theory and Practice in Early Twentieth-Century Public Health.” Isis 83 (1992): 608-629.

Warner, John Harley. “From Specificity to Universalism in Medical Therapeutics: Transformation in the 19th-Century United States.” In Sickness and Health: Readings in the History of Medicine and Public Health. Edited by Judith Walzer Leavitt and Ronald L. Numbers. 3rd ed. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1997, pp. 87-101. ISBN: 9780299153243.

21 Public Health Politics I: Plague in Chinatown  
22-23 Medical Technologies

Carhart, J. W. “The Clinical Thermometer.” Medical and Surgical Reporter 72 (1895): 119-121.

Herrick, James B. “Modern Diagnosis.” Journal of American Medical Association 92 (February 1929): 518-522.

Evans, Hughes. “Losing Touch: The Controversy over the Introduction of Blood Pressure Instruments into Medicine.” Technology and Culture 34 (October 1993): 784-807.

Greene, Jeremy. “Releasing the Flood Waters: Diuril and the Transformation of Hypertension.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 79 (Winter 2005). (Forthcoming)

Beecher, Henry K. “The Powerful Placebo.” JAMA 159 (December 24, 1955): 1602-1606.

24-25 Public Health Revisited

Treichler, Paula. “AIDS, Homophobia, and Biomedical Discourse: An Epidemic of Signification.” Cultural Studies 1 (October 1987): 263-305.

Specter, Michael. “Higher Risk.” New Yorker 81 (23 May 2005). (Web version)

Jones, D. S., and A. M. Brandt. “AIDS, Historical.” In Encyclopedia of Microbiology. Edited by Joshua Lederberg. 2nd ed. Vol 1. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2000, pp. 104-115. ISBN: 0122268016.

Brandt, Allan M. “The Cigarette, Risk, and American Culture.” Daedalus 119, no. 4 (Fall 1990): 155-176.

26 Disease and Society in the 21st Century