3.46 | Spring 2006 | Graduate
Photonic Materials and Devices

Readings

Readings are from Saleh, B. E. A., and M. C. Teich. Fundamentals of Photonics. New York, NY: Wiley, 1991. ISBN: 9780471839651.

LEC # TOPICS READINGS REFERENCES AND RESOURCES
1 Optical Materials Design 1 Chapter 5 Glass, A. M. “Optical Materials.” Science 235 (February 27, 1987): 1003-1009.

Kimerling, L. C. “Bands and Bonds.” (PDF)

Handout: Materials Design by Property Maps (PDF)

Periodic Table of the Elements

EM Teaching Tool: A Web site that shows dynamic visualization of electromagnetic (light) field profile as a function of wavelength.

2 Optical Materials Design 2 Chapter 5 Berger, L. I., and B. R. Pamplin. “Properties of Semiconductors.” CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. CRC Press LLC, 2000.

Glass, A. M. “Optical Materials.” Science 235 (February 27, 1987): 1003-1009.

Kimerling, L. C. “Bands and Bonds.” (PDF)

Villars, P. “A Three-Dimensional Structural Stability Diagram for 998 Binary AB Intermetallic Compounds.” Journal of the Less-Common Metals 92 (1983): 215-238.

3 System Design: TDM, WDM Chapter 22 Kartalopoulos, S. V. “Elastic Bandwidth: The Flexibility of DWDM in Handling Continually Increasing Bandwidth Demands for Future Optical-Fiber Communication Networks.” IEEE Circuits and Devices Magazine (January 2002): 8-13.

Supplemental Handouts (PDF)

4 Ray Optics, EM Optics and Guided Wave Optics Chapter 6 Griffiths, D. J. Introduction to Electrodynamics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998, chapters 4 and 8.

Haus, H. A. Waves and Fields in Optoelectronics. Chapeter 1.

Yeh, P. Optical Waves in Layered Media. New York, NY: Wiley, 2005, chapter 2.

Handout: Dielectric Response in an SiO2 Optical Fiber (PDF)

5 Waveguide Design Chapters 7 and 8 Glass, Alastair M., David J. DiGiovanni, Thomas A. Strasser, Andrew J. Stentz, Richard E. Slusher, Alice E. White, A Refik Kortan, and Benjamin J. Eggleton. “Advances in Fiber Optics.” Bell Labs Technical Journal 5, no. 1 (January - March 2000): 168-187.

Hopper, F. “Basics on Optical Waveguides: Materials, Systems, and Technologies.” Quaderni di Fotonica. Vol. 8, Societa italiana di ottica e fotonica, 2001, pp. 65-80. ISBN: 9788879571234. (PDF) (Courtesy of Fred Hopper. Used with permission.)

Nagel, Suzanne R. “Optical Fiber - The Expanding Medium.” IEEE Circuits and Devices Magazine (March 1989): 36-45.

Yeh, P. Optical Waves in Layered Media. New York, NY: Wiley, 2005, chapter 11.

Handout: 2D Approximation for Waveguide Effective Refractive Index neff (PDF)

Handout: Energy Conversion Chart (PDF) (Figure by MIT OCW.)

Handout: Waveguide Propagation Loss (PDF)

6 WDM Filters: The Microcavity and the Ring Resonator   Haus, H. A. Waves and Fields in Optoelectronics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1983, chapter 7.

Wippich, Mark, and Kathy Li Dessau. “Tunable Lasers and Fiber-Bragg-Grating Sensors.” The Industrial Physicist (June/July 2003): 24-27.

Handout: Coupled Ring Resonators (PDF)

SiON Ring Resonators: IBM Zurich’s online project overview for high WDM performance Silicon Oxynitride microrings.

III-V Microring Filters: An online presentation of the process flow to create micron-scale ring resonators out of In GaAsP material.

7 Photonic Crystals   Oullette, Jennifer. “Seeing the Future in Photonic Crystals.” The Industrial Physicist (December 2001/January 2002): 14-17.

Yablonovitch, Eli. “Photonic Crystals: Semiconductors of Light.” Scientific American (December 2001): 46-55.

Yeh, P. Optical Waves in Layered Media. New York, NY: Wiley, 2005, chapters 6 and 11.

Parker, G., and M. Charlton. “Photonic Crystals.” (A Physics World online article introducing photonic crystal structures.)

Measuring Photonic Crystals: A Physics Web online news article about recent success in determining photonic crystal properties from direct experiment.

8 Electrons in Semiconductors Chapters 9, 12, and 15 Kressel, Henry, and J. K. Butler. “Resume of Relevant Concepts in Solid State Physics.” Chapter 1 in Semiconductor Lasers and Heterojunction LEDs. New York, NY: Academic Press, 1977.

Pierret, R. F. “Modular Series on Solid State Devices, Volume VI: Advanced Semiconductor Device Fundamentals.” Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1983.

Yu, P. Y., and M. Cardona. “Fundamentals of Semiconductors.” New York, NY: Springer, 2005, chapters 7 and 9.

Bragg’s Law: Wikipedia’s online description of Bragg’s Law. The schematics are very helpful for visualization of the concept, and its impact in X-ray crystallography.

Bragg Diffraction: Wikipedia’s online description of Bragg Diffraction, the K-space visualization of Bragg’s Law. This is very helping for better understanding Tool Box (12).

9 Photons in Semiconductors and Dielectrics Chapters 9, 12, and 15 Kressel, Henry, and J. K. Butler. “Resume of Relevant Concepts in Solid State Physics.” Chapter 1 in Semiconductor Lasers and Heterojunction LEDs. New York, NY: Academic Press, 1977.

Pierret, R. F. “Modular Series on Solid State Devices, Volume VI: Advanced Semiconductor Device Fundamentals.” Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1983.

Yu, P. Y., and M. Cardona. “Fundamentals of Semiconductors.” New York, NY: Springer, 2005 chapters 7 and 9.

Fermi’s Golden Rule: Wikipedia’s online description of Fermi’s Golden Rule. The “More information…” link takes you to another online detailed description.

  Design Review 1    
10 LEDs Chapters 15 and 16 Craford, George M. “LEDs Challenge the Incandescents.” IEEE Circuits and Devices 8, no. 5 (1992): 24-29.

Nakamura, S. “A Bright Future for Blue/Green LEDs.” IEEE Circuits and Devices 11, no. 3 (May 1995): 19-23.

Coldren, L. A., and S. W. Corzine. Diode Lasers and Photonics Integrated Circuits. New York, NY: J. Wiley and Sons, 1995, chapters 1 and 4. ISBN: 9780471118756.

11 Optical Amplifiers and Lasers Chapters 13 and 14 Brinkman, William F., Thomas L. Koch, David V. Lang, and Daniel P. Wilt. “Lasers Behind the Communications Revolution.” Bell Labs Technical Journal (January - March 2000): 150-167.

Ryan, James. “In Vending Machine, Brains that Tell Good Money from Bad.” The New York Times, April 1999.

Coldren, L. A., and S. W. Corzine. Diode Lasers and Photonics Integrated Circuits. New York, NY: J. Wiley and Sons, 1995, chapters 2, 3, and 5. ISBN: 9780471118756.

Unger, P. “Introduction to Power Diode Lasers.” High-Power Diode Lasers: Fundamentals, Technology, Applications (2000): 1-54. Contributions by Numerous Experts. Edited by Roland Diehl.

Zory, P. S., Jr., P. F. Liao, and P. Kelley, eds. Quantum Well Lasers. San Diego, CA: Elsevier, 1993, pp. 165-241. ISBN: 9780127818900.

12 Crystal Growth   Alles, David S., and Kevin J. Brady. “Packaging Technology for III-V Photonic Devices and Integrated Circuits.” AT&T Journal (January/February 1989): 83-92.

Clemans, Jim E., Theophilus I. Ejim, William A. Gault, and Eric M. Monberg. “Bulk III-V Compound Semiconductor Crystal Growth.” AT&T Journal (January/February 1989): 29-42.

Dautremont-Smith, C. William, R. J. McCoy, Randolph H. Burton, and Albert G. Baca. “Fabrication Technologies for III-V Compound Semiconductor Photonic and Electronic Devices.” AT&T Journal (January/February 1989): 64-82.

Johnston, W. Dexter, Jr., Michael A. Digiuseppe, and Daniel P. Wilt. “Liquid and Vapor Phase Growth of III-V Materials for Photonic Devices.” AT&T Journal (January/February 1989): 53-63.

Kimerling, L. “Phase Transformations.” (PDF)

Panish, Mortan B. “Molecular-Beam Epitaxy.” AT&T Journal (January/February 1989): 43-52.

13 Nonlinear Optics and Modulators Chapters 18, 19 and 31 Boyd, R. W. Nonlinear Optics. 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Elsevier, 2002. ISBN: 9780121216825.

Rosencher, E., and B. Vinter. Optoelectronics. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780521778138.

14 Defects and Strain   Kimerling, L. C. “Defect Engineering.” MRS Bulletin (December 1991): 42-47.

———. “Notes on Defects in Solids.” (PDF)

———. “The Influence of Electronic Excitation on the Performance and Reliability of Semiconductor Devices.” Reviews of Solid State Science 4 (1990): 335-354.

Liu, Jifeng, et al. “Deformation potential constants of biaxially tensile stressed Ge epitaxial films on Si(100).” Physical Review B 70 (2004): 155-309.

15 III-V Processing   Cho, Alfred. Y., and Alastair. M. Glass. “Photonic Materials and Processing.” AT&T Technical Journal (November/December 1990): 77-91.

Fitzgerald, E. A. “In Search of Low-Dislocation-Density Hetero-Epitaxial Structures.” Journal of Materials (April 1989): 20-24.

16 Detectors 1 Chapter 17  
  Design Review 2    
17 Detectors 2   Giovane, Laura. Excerpt from thesis “The Role of Strain in Optical Properties of Semiconductors.” (PDF)
18 Microphotonics 1   Kimerling, L. C. “Silicon Microphotonics.” (PDF)

Pavesi, L., and D. J. Lockwood, eds. Silicon Photonics. New York, NY: Springer, 2004, chapter 3.

Photonics (Wikipedia)

IBM Silicon Nanophotonics: IBM’s Si photonics group at the T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights (NY).

Intel Silicon Photonics: Intel’s Si Photonics group at the Intel Site, Santa Clara (CA).

Light Reading: Online resource for popular science articles about photonics.

Photonics.com: Online portal for popular articles and links to the global photonics community.

19 Microphotonics 2   Kimerling, L. C. “Silicon Microphotonics.” (PDF)
20 Nanophotonics   Pavesi, L., et al. “Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals.” Nature 408 (2000): 440-444.

Zia, R., J. A. Schuler, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma. “Plasmonics: The Next Chip-Scale Technology.” Materials Today 9 (2006): 20.

  Design Review 3 (Part 1), Real-Time Design Review 4 (Part 1)    
  Design Review 3 (Part 2), Real-Time Design Review 4 (Part 2)    
21 Photonics Toolkit    
  Final Exam    
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