STS.047 Quantifying People: A History of Social Science
Author: Will Deringer
Lecture Module: “Quantify and Punish: Data, Race, and Policing from the Burgess Method to Big Data”
Keywords: policing; criminal justice; race; racism; actuarial techniques; risk assessments; big data; surveillance
- What role have quantitative data, computational methods, and social science played in the construction of modern systems of criminal justice?
- How has quantification contributed to the injustices of modern policing and punishment—to the creation and maintenance of a system that disproportionately and unjustly targets, punishes, incarcerates, and kills people of color, especially Black citizens?
- What can history tell us about the role that data and computation should—or should not—play in efforts to create a more just system of justice in the future?
STS.012/STS.008 Science in Action: Technologies and Controversies in Everyday Life
Author: Dwai Banerjee
Lecture Module: “Big Data and Personal Privacy”
Keywords: privacy; AI; surveillance; data ethics
- To find overlaps and differences in the experience of students learning about their right to privacy
- To discuss whether they believe existing rights to be adequate
- To examine whether current ethical standards (such as those instituted by the GDPR) sufficiently protect their rights (as they exist or as they believe should exist).
6.390 Introduction to Machine Learning (Formerly 6.036)
Authors: Leslie Kaelbling, Serena Booth, Marion Boulicault, Dheekshita Kumar, Rodrigo Ochigame, Tess Smidt
This course introduces principles, algorithms, and applications of machine learning from the point of view of modeling and prediction; formulation of learning problems; representation, over-fitting, generalization; classification, regression, reinforcement-learning, sequence learning, clustering; classical and neural-network methods.
The course has weekly labs, in which students work in pairs and have an opportunity to discuss their work with an instructor during a check-off process. Each weekly lab has an accompanying SERC question and discussion prompt. These SERC questions aim to help the students connect the technical content of the class to the social consequences of seemingly-technical design decisions.
Weekly Labs: 4 weekly labs, each with a SERC question and discussion prompt
Keywords: machine learning; bias and fairness in machine learning; data bias; model bias
MIT Case Studies in Social and Ethical Responsibilities of Computing
Brief, specially commissioned and peer-reviewed cases intended to be effective for undergraduate instruction across a range of classes and fields of study. Some cases are paired with active learning projects developed by students at MIT and reviewed by faculty and senior researchers.
Emotional Attachment to AI Companions and European Law, by Claire Boine (University of Ottowa)
Keywords: AI law, AI companions, human-machine interactions, data privacy, consumer protection
“Porsche Girl”: When a Dead Body Becomes a Meme, by Nadia de Vries (University of Amsterdam)
Keywords: digital death, bodies, memes, online abuse, Nikki Castouras
Privacy and Paternalism: The Ethics of Student Data Collection, by Kathleen Creel (Northeastern University) and Tara Dixit (Chantilly High School, Virginia)
Keywords: user data privacy, student data, contextual integrity, educational technology, children’s rights, surveillance
Differential Privacy and the 2020 US Census, by Simson Garfinkel (George Washington University)
Keywords: differential privacy, disclosure avoidance, statistical disclosure limitation, US Census Bureau
Protections for Human Subjects in Research: Old Models, New Needs?, by Laura Stark (Vanderbilt University)
Keywords: human-subjects research, informed consent, institutional review boards, big data
Identity, Advertising, and Algorithmic Targeting: Or How (Not) to Target Your “Ideal User”, by Tanya Kant (University of Sussex)
Keywords: targeting, advertising, algorithms, identity, profiling
Public Debate on Facial Recognition Technologies in China, by Tristan G. Brown, Alexander Statman, and Celine Sui
Keywords: facial recognition, Chinese law, social media
The Bias in the Machine: Facial Recognition Technology and Racial Disparities, by Sidney Perkowitz (Emory University)
Keywords: facial recognition, justice system, racial equity, false arrest
The Case of the Nosy Neighbors, by Johanna Gunawan and Woodrow Hartzog (Northeastern University)
Keywords: user data privacy, technology in norm enforcement, facial recognition, mass surveillance, mass scraping of public data
Active Learning Projects Developed at MIT
Active Learning Project: Exploring the Functionalities, Data and Interfaces of a Modern Online Advertising System (PDF - 1.1MB) (DOCX - 3.2MB)
An exercise to explore the ethical implications of digital advertising, grounded in the functionalities, data, and interfaces driving ad systems in the modern era. This lab focuses on Facebook’s Ads Manager.
- Associated case study: Kant, T. (2021). “Identity, Advertising, and Algorithmic Targeting: Or How (Not) to Target Your ‘Ideal User.’” MIT Case Studies in Social and Ethical Responsibilities of Computing, Summer 2021. https://doi.org/10.21428/2c646de5.929a7db6