24.961 | Fall 2014 | Graduate
Introduction to Phonology

Readings

[PGG] = Kenstowicz, Michael. Phonology in Generative Grammar. Blackwell Publishing, 1994. ISBN: 9781557864260.

[TGOT] = McCarthy, John J. A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory. Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780521796446.

[DOT] = ———. Doing Optimality Theory: Applying Theory to Data. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. ISBN: 9781405151368.

LEC # TOPICS SUGGESTED READINGS
1 Basic Premises of the Generative Approach

[PGG] Introduction.

[PGG] Chapter 1: The Sounds of Speech.

Rule-based Derivational Model
2 Early Generative Model

[PGG] Chapter 2: Phonological Rules and Representations.

Buy at MIT Press Chomsky, Noam, and Morris Halle. “Word-level Phonology.” Chapter 4 in The Sound Pattern of English. MIT Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780262530972.

3 Ordered Rules

[PGG] “Phonological Alternations and Derivations.” Chapter 3, pp. 89–114.

Odden, Dave. “Opacity and Ordering: H-deletion in Kikerewe.” The Linguistic Review 17, no. 2–4 (2000): 323–35.

Kumbaraci, Türkân E. “Consonantally Conditioned Alternation of Vocalic Morphophonemes in Turkish.” Anthropological Linguistics 8, no. 1 (1966): 11–24.

4 Derivational Constraints and Conspiracies Kisseberth, Charles W. “The Relative and the Absolute: The Tunica Stress Conspiracy.” University of Illinois, 1970. Unpublished ms.
5 Phonotactics and Markedness Rice, Keren. “Markedness in Phonology.” Chapter 4 in The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology. Edited by Paul De Lacy. Cambridge University Press, 2012. ISBN: 9781107404892.
Optimality Theory model
6 OT-1: The Basics [TGOT] Chapter 1: The Core of Optimality Theory.
7 OT-2: Allophonic Distribution and Phonological Scales [DOT] Chapter 2: How to Construct an Analysis.
8 OT-3: Positional Faithfulness, Constraint Conjunction, Global Comparison [TGOT] “Consequences of Globality and Parallelism.” Chapter 3.3, pp. 138–63.
9 OT-4: Serial Derivations McCarthy, John J. “An Introduction to Harmonic Serialism.” January 2010. From the SelectedWorks of John J. McCarthy, University of Massachusetts-Amherst.
Autosegmental Phonology
10 Feature Organization-1

[PGG] Chapter 8: The Phonological Skeleton.

Ladefoged, Peter, and Keith Johnson. “Acoustic Phonetics.” Chapter 8 in A Course in Phonetics. 7th ed. Wadsworth Publishing, 2014. ISBN: 9781285463407.

11 Feature Organization-2: Organization Below The Root Mode

[PGG] “Feature Geometry, Underspecfication, and Constraints.” Chapter 9, pp. 451–74.

Padgett, Jaye. “The Unabridged Feature Classes in Phonology” (PDF), University of California, Santa Cruz, May 2001.

12 Feature Organization-3: Underspecification

Steriade, Donca. “Underspecification and Markedness.” Chapter 4 in The Handbook of Phonological Theory. Edited by John A. Goldsmith. Blackwell Publishers, 1996. ISBN: 9780631201267.

Hwang, So-One K., Philip J. Monahan, et al. “Underspecification and Asymmetries in Voicing Perception.” Phonology 27, no. 2 (2010): 205–24.

13 Licensing by Cue and P-Map

Buy at MIT Press Steriade, Donca. “The Phonology of Perceptibility Effects: The P-Map and Its Consequences for Constraint Organization.” Chapter 7 in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky. Edited by Kristin Hanson, and Sharon Inkelas. MIT Press, 2008. ISBN: 9780262582803.

-–. “Phonetics in Phonology: The Case of Laryngeal Neutralization” (PDF), Department of Linguistics, University of California, Los Angeles, June 1997.

14 Contrast and Perceptual Distinctiveness

Flemming, Edward. “Contrast and Perceptual Distinctiveness.” Chapter 8 in Phonetically Based Phonology. Edited by Bruce Hayes, Robert Kirchner, and Donca Steriade. Cambridge University Press, 2008. ISBN: 9780521054614.

15 Tone-1: African Languages

[PGG] “Autosegmental Phonology.” Chapter 7, pp. 310–38.

16 Tone-2: Asian Languages [PGG] “Autosegmental Phonology.” Chapter 7, pp. 376–94.

Xu, Yi. “Contextual Tonal Variations in Mandarin.” Journal of Phonetics 25, no. 1 (1997): 61–83.

17 Harmony-1 Archangeli, Diana, and Douglas Pulleyblank. “Harmony.” Chapter 15 in The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology. Edited by Paul De Lacy. Cambridge University Press, 2012. ISBN: 9781107404892.
18 Harmony-2 McCarthy, John J. “Autosegmental Spreading in Optimality Theory.” August 2011. From the SelectedWorks of John J. McCarthy, University of Massachusetts-Amherst.
Prosodic Phonology
19 Syllable-1: Sonority Zec, Draga. “The Syllable.” Chapter 8 in The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology. Edited by Paul De Lacy. Cambridge University Press, 2012. ISBN: 9781107404892.
20 Syllable-2: Syllable Parsing Steriade, Donca. “Alternatives to Syllable-Based Accounts of Consonantal Phonotactics.” ReadBag.com.
21

Syllable-3: Weight

Gordon, Matthew. “Syllable Weight.” (PDF) Department of Linguistics, University of California, Santa Barbara.

Broselow, Ellen, Su-I Chen, et al. “Syllable Weight: Convergence of Phonology and Phonetics.” Phonology 14, no. 1 (1997): 47–82.

22

Stress-1: Metrical Grid

[PGG] “Stress.” Chapter 10, pp. 548–64.

Halle, Morris, and William Idsardi. “General Properties of Stress and Metrical Structure.” Chapter 11 in The Handbook of Phonological Theory. Edited by John A. Goldsmith. Blackwell Publishers, 1996. ISBN: 9780631201267.

Buy at MIT Press **Idsardi, William J. “Calculating Metrical Structure.” Chapter 9 in Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology. Edited by Eric Raimy, and Charles E. Cairns. MIT Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780262681728. [Preview with Google Books]

23

Stress-2: Trochaic Typology

Kager, René. “Feet and Metrical Stress.” Chapter 9 in The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology. Edited by Paul De Lacy. Cambridge University Press, 2012. ISBN: 9781107404892.

Gordon, Matthew. “A Factorial Typology of Quantity-Insensitive Stress.” Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 20, no. 3 (2002): 491–552.

24

Stress-3: Stress in Windows

Kager, René. “Stress in Windows: Language Typology and Factorial Typology.” Lingua 122, no. 13 (2012): 1454–93.

25 Stress-4: Peak Prominence Systems Kenstowicz, Michael. “Quality-Sensitive Stress.” Chapter 9 in Optimality Theory in Phonology: A Reader. Edited by John J. McCarthy. Wiley-Blackwell, 2003. ISBN: 9780631226895. [Preview with Google Books]
26 Prosodic Morphology-1 [PGG] Chapter 11: Prosodic Morphology.
27 Prosodic Morphology-2 McCarthy, John J., and Alan Prince. “Prosodic Morphology 1986.” January 1996. From the SelectedWorks of John J. McCarthy, University of Massachusetts-Amherst.
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