14.15J | Spring 2018 | Undergraduate


Lecture and Recitation Notes

Lecture notes 1–12 are adapted from the 2009 version of this course by Prof. Daron Acemoglu and Prof. Asu Ozdaglar and from the 2017 version of the course as taught by Prof. Shah.

Ses # Topics Lecture Notes Recitation Notes
1 Introduction to Social, Economic, and Technological Networks Lecture 1 Slides (PDF - 2.6MB)  
2–3 Network Representations, Measures, and Metrics

Directed and undirected graphs, adjacency matrix. Paths, cycles, connectivity, components. Trees, rings, stars, bipartite graphs, hyper graphs. Centrality measures (degree, closeness, betweenness), clustering, structural balance, homophily, and assortative mixing.

Applications: Structural properties of Facebook graph.

Lectures 2 & 3 Slides (PDF) Recitation 1 (not available to OCW users)
4–6 Linear Dynamical Systems, Markov Chains, Centralities

Discrete-time, linear time-invariant systems with constant inputs. Eigenvalue decomposition. Convergence to equilibrium. Lyapunov function. Positive linear systems, Markov chains, and Perron-Frobenius. Random walk on graph. Eigen centrality. Katz centrality. Page rank.

Applications: Web search.

Lectures 4, 5, & 6 Slides (PDF) Recitations 2 & 3 (not available to OCW users)
7 Dynamics Over Graph: Spread of Information and Distributed Computation

Algebraic properties of graphs, Cheeger’s inequality, information spread and consensus.

Applications: social agreement, synchronization, distributed optimization.

Lecture 7 Slides (PDF) Recitation 4 (not available to OCW users)
8 Graph Decomposition and Clustering

Decomposing networks into clusters. Modularity. Spectral clustering and connectivity.

Lecture 8 Slides (PDF)  
9–11 Random Graph Models

Erdos-Renyi graphs. Review of branching processes. Degree distribution, phase transition, connectedness, giant component.

Applications: tipping, six degrees of separation, disease transmissions.

Lectures 9 & 10 Slides (PDF)

Lecture 11 Slides (PDF)

Recitations 5 & 6 (not available to OCW users)
12 Generative Graph Models

Preferential attachment: rich get richer phenomena, power laws. Small world models: clustering and path lengths.

Applications: Internet topology, Facebook and Twitter degree distributions, firm size distributions.

Lecture 12 Slides (PDF)  
13–14 Introduction to Game Theory

Games, pure and mixed strategies, payoffs, Nash equilibrium, Bayesian games.

Applications: tragedy of the commons, peer effects, auctions.

Introduction to Second Half of Course (PDF)

Lecture 13 Slides (PDF)

Lecture 14 Slides (PDF)

Recitation 7 Notes
15 Traffic Flow and Congestion Games Lecture 15 Slides (PDF)  
16 Network Effects (I)

Negative externalities, congestion, Braess’ paradox, routing.

Application: pricing traffic.

Lecture 16 Slides (PDF) Recitation 8 Notes
17 Network Effects (II)

Key players and the social multiplier.

Applications: criminal networks, public good provision, oligopoly.

Lecture 17 Slides (PDF) Recitation 9 Notes
18 Networked Markets

Matching markets, markets with intermediaries, platforms.

Applications: clearinghouses, ad exchanges, labor markets.

Lecture 18 Slides (PDF)  
19 Repeated Games, Cooperation, and Strategic Network Formation

Stable networks, Nash networks, efficient networks.

Applications: co-authorship, R&D networks.

Lecture 19 Slides (PDF) Recitation 10 Notes
20–21 Diffusion Models and Contagion

Positive externalities, strategic complements, coordination games, tipping, lock in, path dependence.

Applications: diffusion of innovation.

Lecture 20 Slides (PDF)

Lecture 21 Slides (PDF)

Rectation 11 Notes
22–24 Games with Incomplete Information and Introduction to Social Learning, Herding, and Informational Cascades

Rule of thumb and Bayesian learning, social influence, benefits of copying, herd behavior, informational cascades.

Applications: consumer behavior, financial markets.

Lecture 22 Slides (PDF - 4.0MB)

Lecture 23 Slides (PDF)

Lecture 24 Slides (PDF)

Recitation 12 Notes

Course Info

Learning Resource Types
Problem Sets with Solutions
Exams with Solutions
Lecture Notes