[A] = Appian. The Civil Wars. Translated by Horace White (1912-13).
[C] = Caesar. The Conquest of Gaul. Translated by S. A. Handford. Revised with a new introduction by Jane P. Gardner. Penguin Classics, 1983. ISBN: 9780140444339.
[CA] = Caesar, Julius. The Gallic War (Oxford World’s Classics). Translated by Carolyn Hammond. Oxford University Press, 2008. ISBN: 9780199540266.
[CI] = Cicero. Political Speeches (Oxford World’s Classics). Translated by D. H. Berry. Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780199540136. [Preview with Google Books]
[CM] = Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Letters of Marcus Tullius Cicero. Translated by E.S. Shuckburgh. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2016. ISBN: 9781534847071.
[CR] = Crook, J.A., Andrew Lintott, et al., eds. The Cambridge Ancient History. Volume IX: The Last Age of the Roman Republic, 146–43 BC. 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN: 9780521256032. [Preview with Google Books]
[P] = Plutarch. Roman Lives (Oxford World’s Classics). Translated by Robin Waterfield. Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780199537389.
[PO] = Polybius. The Rise of the Roman Empire. Translated by Ian Scott-Kilvert. Penguin Classics, 1980. ISBN: 9780140443622.
[R] = Rosenstein, Nathan, and Robert Morstein-Marx, eds. A Companion to the Roman Republic. Wiley-Blackwell, 2006. ISBN: 9781405102179.
[S] = Sallust. Catiline’s War, The Jugurthine War, Histories. Translated by A. J. Woodman. Penguin Classics, 2008. ISBN: 9780140449488. [Preview with Google Books]
[SC] = Scullard, H.H. From the Gracchi to Nero: A History of Rome 133 BC to AD 68. 5th edition. Routledge, 1982. ISBN: 9780415025270.
|1||Introduction: Rome’s City-state Empire||No readings assigned|
|2||The Constitution of the Roman Republic||
[CR] Lintott, Andrew. Chapter 1: The Crisis of the Republic: Sources and Source-Problems.
[PO] “Book VI: From the Preface.”
[PO] “Book VI: On the Forms of States.”
[PO] “Book VI: On the Roman Constitution at Its Prime.”
[PO] “Book VI: The Roman Military System.”
[R] North, John A. Chapter 12: The Constitution of the Roman Republic.
[R] Yakobson, Alexander. Chapter 18: Popular Power in the Roman Republic.
|3||Impact of Empire: The Elite and the Peasant-soldier||
[P] “Aemilius Paullus.”
Hopkins, Keith. “Conquerors and Slaves: The Impact of Conquering an Empire on the Political Economy of Italy.” In Roman Imperialism: Readings and Sources. Edited by Craige B. Champion. Blackwell Publishing, 2003. ISBN: 9780631231196.
|4||Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus||
[P] “Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus.”
[SC] Chapter 1: Rome at the Cross-roads.
[SC] Chapter 2: The Gracchi.
|5||The Gracchi as Watershed||Badian, E. “Tiberius Gracchus and the Beginning of the Roman Revolution.” In Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (ANRW) / Rise and Decline of the German World Inhaltsverzeichnis mit Autorenregister. Edited by Hildegard Temporini and Wolfgang Hasse. De Gruyter, 1996. ISBN: 9783110155747.|
|6||Marius the ‘New Man’: Sallust’s Jugurthine War||
[S] “The Jugurthine War.”
[SC] Chapter 3: The Rise and Fall of Marius, pp. 42–51.
|7||Marius, the Army, and the Politics of Land||
[SC] Chapter 3: The Rise and Fall of Marius, pp. 51–60.
|8||The Social War and the Unification of Italy||
[A] “Book I, 1–54.”
[CR] Gabba, E. Chapter 4: Rome and Italy: The Social War.
[SC] Chapter 4: The Rise and Fall of Sulla, pp. 61–68.
|9||Civil War I: Marius and Sulla||
[A] “Book I, 55–107.”
[SC] Chapter 4: The Rise and Fall of Sulla, pp. 68–84.
Badian, E. “Waiting for Sulla.” Journal of Roman Studies 52, Parts 1 and 2 (1962): 47–61.
|10||The Dictatorship of Sulla||
Flower, Harriet I. “Am Alternative to a Crisis: Sulla’s New Republic.” Section 7 in Roman Republics. Princeton University Press, 2011. ISBN: 9780691152585.
Keaveney, Arthur. “Qualis Fuit Sulla?” Chapter 12 in Sulla: The Last Republican. 2nd edition. Routledge, 2005. ISBN: 9780415336611. [Preview with Google Books]
|11||Pompey and the Special Command||
[C] “De imperio Cn. Pompei (‘On the command of Gnacus Pompeius’).”
[SC] Chapter 5: The Rise of Pompey.
|12||Cicero Saves the Republic: The Conspiracy of Catiline||
[CI] “In Catilinam (‘Against Cataline’) I.”
[CI] “In Catilinam (‘Against Cataline’) II.”
[S] “Catiline’s War.”
|13||The Three-headed Monster: Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar||
[A] “Book II, 1–33.”
[SC] Chapter 6: Pompey and Caesar.
Wiseman, T.P., ed. “Competition and Co-operation.” Chapter 1 in Roman Political Life 90 BC-AD 69. Liverpool University Press, 1985. ISBN: 9780859892254.
|14||Caesar’s Conquest of Gaul||
[C] “Book I: The Explusion of Intruders.”
[C] “Book II: The Conquest of the Belgic Tribes.”
[C] “Notes.” pp. 228–9.
[CA] “The Fourth Book: 55 BC.”
[CA] “The Siege of Alesia (52 BC).”
[CA] “Explanatory Notes.” pp. 228–43.
[SC] Chapter 7: The Domination of Caesar, pp. 126–34.
|15||The Urban Plebs and Publius Clodius||
[CR] Purcell, Nicholas. Chapter 17: The City of Rome and the Plebs Urbana in the Late Republic.
Lintott, A.W. “P. Clodius Pulcher – Felix Catilina?” Greece & Rome 14, no. 2 (1967): 157–69.
|16||Pompey the Great||[P] “Pompey.”|
|17||Civil War II: Crossing the Rubicon||
[A] “Book II, 32–37.”
[CA] Sections 8.49–8.54.
[CA] “Explanatory Notes.” pp. 241–44.
[CM] “Ad Familiares VIII, 1: M. Caelius Rufus to Cicero (On His Journey to Cilicia) – Rome, 24 May – 1 June, 51 BC.”
[CM] “Ad Familiares II, 8: To M. Caelius Rufus (At Rome) – Athens, 6 July, 51 BC.”
[CM] “Ad Familiares VIII, 14: M. Caelius Rufus to Cicero (On His Journey Home) – Rome, September, 50 BC.”
[CM] “Ad Familiares VIII, 16: M. Caelius Rufus to Cicero (At Formiae) – On the Road to Spain, (16) April, 49 BC.”
[CM] “Ad Familiares II, 16: To M. Caelius Rufus (In Gaul) – Cumae, (May) 49 BC.”
[P] “Caesar.” pp. 325–32.
[SC] Chapter 7: The Domination of Caesar, pp. 134–43.
Caesar. “Part 1: The Struggle Begins.” In The Civil War of Caesar. Translated with an introduction by Jane F. Gardner. Penguin Classics, 1976, pp. 35–41. ISBN: 9780140441871.
Meier, Christian. “The Process of the Crisis without Alternative, Caesar’s Right to the Civil War, his Greatness.” Chapter 12 in Caesar: A Biography. Basic Books, 1997. ISBN: 9780465008957.
Sutonius. “The Deified Julius Caesar.” In Lives of the Caesars (Oxford World’s Classics). Translated with an introduction and notes by Catherine Edwards. Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780199537563.
———. “Explanatory Notes.” In Lives of the Caesars (Oxford World’s Classics). Translated with an introduction and notes by Catherine Edwards. Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 297–309. ISBN: 9780199537563.
|18||The Roman Revolution||
Brunt, P.A. “The Army and the Land in the Roman Revolution.” Chapter 5 in The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays. Clarendon Press, 1988, pp. 240–75. ISBN: 9780198148494.
———. “The Roman Mob.” Past & Present 35 (1966): 3–27.
|19||Opposing Caesar: Cato & Marcellus||
[CI] “Pro Marcello (‘For Marcellus’).”
Plutarch. “The Life of Cato the Younger.” In The Parallel Lives.
[P] “Caesar.” pp. 297–359.
[SC] Chapter 7: The Domination of Caesar, pp. 143–53.
|21||The Ides of March||
Plutarch. “The Life of Brutus.” In The Parallel Lives.
Woolf, Greg. “Talking Tyrannicide.” Chapter 2 in Et tu, Brute? The Murder of Caesar and Political Assassination. Profile Books, 2006. ISBN: 9781861977410. [Preview with Google Books]
|22||The Villain of the Piece: Marc Antony||[CI] “Philippic II.”|
|23||Civil War III: Antony and Octavian||
[P] “Antony.” pp. 404–30.
[SC] Chapter 8: The Second Triumvirate.
|24||The Emergence of the Augustan Principate||
Eder, Walter. “Augustus and the Power of Tradition.” Chapter 1 in The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus. Edited by Karl Galinsky. Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780521003933. [Preview with Google Books]
Gruen, Erich S. “Augustus and the Making of the Principate.” Chapter 2 in The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus. Edited by Karl Galinsky. Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780521003933. [Preview with Google Books]
|25||Fall of the Republic: Revolution, Crisis, Transformation||[R] Chapter 29: The Transformation of the Republic.|
|26||Conclusion||No readings assigned|