Listed in the table below are recommended readings for the lectures.
|LEC #||TOPICS||KEY DATES|
Lynch, Kevin. "The Nature of City Form." (draft)
|Section One: The Nature of City Form Theory|
|2||Normative Theory I: The City as Supernatural||
Beinart, Julian. "Image Construction in Premodern Cities." In Imaging the City: Continuing Struggles and New Directions. Edited by Lawrence J. Vale and Jr., Sam Bass Warner. Center for Urban Policy Research, 2001, pp. 3–32. ISBN: 9780882851709.
Rykwert, Joseph. "The Parallels." Chapter 5 in The Idea of a Town: The Anthropology of Urban Form in Rome, Italy and the Ancient World. MIT Press, 1988, pp. 163–87. ISBN: 9780262680561. [Preview with Google Books]
———. "Conclusion." In The Idea of a Town: The Anthropology of Urban Form in Rome, Italy and the Ancient World. MIT Press, 1988, pp. 194–203. ISBN: 9780262680561. [Preview with Google Books]
|3||Normative Theory II: The City as Machine|
|4||Normative Theory III: The City as Organism||
Alexander, C., H. Neis, et al. Chapters 1–3 in A New Theory of Urban Design. Oxford University Press, 1987, pp. 9–99. ISBN: 9780195037531. [Preview with Google Books]
Geddes, Patrick. "Geddes' Final Dundee Lecture." Appendix II in Cities in Evolution: An Introduction to the Town Planning Movement and to the Study of Civics. Edited by The Outlook Tower Association and The Association for Planning and Regional Reconstruction. University of Michigan Library, 1915, pp. 214–30.
Hakim, Besim M. "Julian of Ascalon's Treatise of Construction and Design Rules from Sixth-Century Palestine." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 60, no. 1 (2001): 4–25.
|5||Descriptive and Functional Theory|
|6||Dimensions, Patterns, Agreements, Structure, and Syntax||
Alexander, C., S. Ishikawa, and M. Silverstein. A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction. Oxford University Press, 1977, pp. ix–xl. ISBN: 9780195019193. [Preview with Google Books]
Habraken, N. John. "The Control of Complexity." (PDF - 2.4MB) Places 4, no. 2 (1987): 3–15.
Hillier, W., Julienne Hanson, and John Peponis. "Syntactic Analysis of Settlements." Architecture et Comportement (Architecture and Behavior) 3, no. 3 (1987): 217–31.
Martin, Leslie. "The Grid As Generator." (PDF - 1.2MB) In Urban Space and Structures. Edited by Lionel March and Leslie Martin. Cambridge University Press, 1975, pp. 6–27. ISBN: 9780521099349.
|Section Two: The Form of the Modern City|
|7||The Early Cities of Capitalism||
Clark, Gregory. "Introduction: The Sixteen-Page Economic History of the World." Chapter 1 in A Farewell to Alms: A Brief Economic History of the World. Princeton University Press, 2008, pp. 2–17. ISBN: 9780691141282 .
Engels, Friedrich. "The Great Towns." Chapter 3 in The Condition of the Working Class in England. Translated and edited by W. H. Henderson and W. O. Chaloner. Stanford University Press, 1958, pp. 30–87. ISBN: 9780804706346.
Williams, Raymond. "Enclosures, Commons, and Communities." Chapter 10 in The Country and the City. Oxford University Press, 1975, pp. 96–134. ISBN: 9780195198102. [Preview with Google Books]
|8||Transformations I: London||
Beinart, Julian. "Form and Application in the XIXth Century City." In Rethinking XIXth Century City. Edited by Attilio Petruccioli. The Aga Khan program for Islamic Architecture at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1998, pp. 13–28.
Weinberg, David Selwyn. "The Social Relations of Living: London 1830s–1880s." Thesis paper. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1974, pp. 45–53, and 82–114.
|9||Transformations II: Paris|
|10||Transformations III: Vienna and Barcelona||
Aibar, Eduardo, and Wiebe E. Bijker. "Constructing a City: The Cerdà Plan for the Extension of Barcelona." (PDF) Science Technology Human Values 22, no. 1 (1997): 3–30.
|11||Transformations IV: Chicago||
Hoyt, Homer. "The Land Boom of the First Skyscrapers and the First World's Fair, 1878–98." Chapter IV in One Hundred Years of Land Planning in Chicago: the Relationship of the growth of Chicago to the rise of Its land Values, 1830–1933. Beard Books, 2000, pp. 128–40. ISBN: 9781587980169. [Preview with Google Books]
Wrigley Jr., Robert L. "Plan of Chicago: Its Fiftieth Anniversary." Journal of the American Planning Association 26, no. 1 (1960): 31–8.
|12||Transformations V: Panopticism, St. Petersburg and Berlin||
Evans, Robins. "Bentham's Panopticon." Architectural Association Quarterly, 1971, pp. 21–37.
Friedman, David. "Palaces and the Street in Late-Medieval and Renaissance Italy." In Urban Landscapes: International Perspectives. Edited by J. W. R. Whitehand and P. J. Larkham. Routledge, 1992, pp. 69–113. ISBN: 9780415070744.
|13||Utopianism as Social Reform and Built Form||
Benevolo, L. Origins of Modern Town Planning. MIT Press, 1971, pp. 39–84. ISBN: 9780262520188.
Hayden, D. Chapter 4 in Seven American Utopias: The Architecture of Communitarian Socialism, 1790–1975. MIT Press, 1979. ISBN: 9780262580373.
Ciucci, G. "The City in Agrarian Ideology and Frank Lloyd Wright; Origins and Development of Broad Acres." In The American City: From the Civil War to the New Deal. MIT Press, 1983, pp. 352–75. ISBN: 9780262530446.
Sorkin, M. "Eutopia Now!" Harvard Design Magazine, Fall/Winter 2009/2010, 6–21.
Tod, I., and M. Wheeler. "The Architect as Visionary." In Utopia. Orbis Publishing, 1978, pp. 127–47.
|14||20th Century Realizations: Russian and Great Britain||
March, L. "Why have New Towns?" New Society, June 8, 1972.
|Section Three: Current Theory and Practice|
|15||City Form and Process||
McCarthy, T., Temko, A., et al. "Buildings Are Judgment II." Ramparts, May 1975, 53–5.
Lyndon, D., and M. Buchanan, and Architects Associated. "At the Edge of Public Housing." Space and Society 22.
|16||Spatial & Social Structure I: Theory||
Lynch, K. "Environmental Change and Social Change." Chapter 9 in What Time is this Place? MIT Press, 1976, pp. 215–23. ISBN: 9780262620321.
|17||Spatial & Social Structure II: Bipolarity|
|18||Spatial & Social Structure III: Colony and Post-colony||
Frontado, G. "La Leyes de Indias: Observations of its Influence on the Structure of Physical Space in the Latin American Cities." MIT Thesis, January 1980, pp. 14–59.
|19||Form Models I: Modern and Post-modern Urbanism||
Mumford, E. "The Functional City." In The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928–1960. MIT Press, 2000, pp. 59–130. ISBN: 9780262133647.
|20||Form Models II: Open-endedness and Prophecy||
Beinart, J. "From Olympia to Barcelona: Themes of Permanence and Transience." Spacio e Società 50 (1990): 34–54.
Cowan, P. "Studies in the Growth, Change and Ageing of Buildings." Transactions of the Bartlett Society 1 (1963): 55–84.
|21||Form Models III and IV: Rationality and Memory||
Filler, M. "Back to Babel." The New Republic, February 2003, 23–7.
Butterfield, A. "Monuments and Memories." The New Republic, February 2003, 27–32.
Lowenthal, D. "Knowing the Past." Chapter 5 in The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge University Press, 1999, pp. 238–59. ISBN: 9780521294805. [Preview with Google Books]
Wieseltier, L. "After Memory." The New Republic, May 1993, 16–26.
|22||Cases I: Public and Private Domains|
|23||Cases II: Suburbs and Periphery||
Conzen, M. "The Morphology of Nineteenth Century Cities in the United States." In Urbanization in the Americas: The Background in Comparative Perspective. Edited by W. Borah, J. E. Hardoy, and G. E. Stelter. National Museum of Man, History Division, 1980, pp. 119–41. ISBN: 9780660103495.
Gordon, P., and H. Richardson. "Prove It: the Costs and Benefits or Sprawl." (PDF) The Brookings Review 16, no. 4 (1998): 23–5.
|24||Cases III: Post-urbanism and Resource Conservation||
Fishman, R. "America's New City: Megalopolis Unbound." Wilson Quarterly 14 (1990): 24–45.
Meier, R. L., and A. S. M. Abdul Quium. "Planning and Designing New Urban Settlements in Estuaries: Bangladesh." Landscape and Urban Planning 21, no. 3 (1991): 211–26.
Newman, P., and J. Kenworthy. "The Concept of Sustainability and Its Relationship to Cities." Chapter 1 in Sustainability in Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence. Island Press, 1999, pp. 1–26. ISBN: 9781559636605.
Pacala, S., and R. Socolow. "Stabilization Wedges: Solving the Climate Problem for the Next 50 Years with Current Technologies." Science 305, no. 5686 (2004): 968–72.
Van der Ryn, S., and P. Calthorpe. "The New Suburban Fabric." In Sustainable Communities: A New Design Synthesis for Cities, Suburbs, and Towns. Sierra Club Books, 1986, pp. 54–83. ISBN: 9780871568007.
|25||Cases IV: Hyper and Mega-urbanism||
Devas, N., and C. Rakodi. "The Urban Challenge." Chapter 1 in Managing Fast Growing Cities: New Approaches to Urban Planning and Management in the Developing World. Longman Group, 1993, pp. 1–40. ISBN: 9780582093041.
———. "Conclusions: Assessing the New Approaches." Chapter 10 in Managing Fast Growing Cities: New Approaches to Urban Planning and Management in the Developing World. Longman Group United Kingdom, 1993, pp. 265–96. ISBN: 9780582093041.
Shoumatoff, A. "The Capital of Hope," The New Yorker, November 3, 1980.
|26||Conclusion: Towards a Theory of City Form||No required readings|