5.111SC | Fall 2014 | Undergraduate

Principles of Chemical Science

Unit I: The Atom

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Unit I focuses on the building block of matter – the atom. Throughout this unit we reflect on the fundamental question of how we can understand and describe something that is too small to see. The unit starts with the amazing discovery of the electron and the nucleus and the subsequent realization that the classical laws of motion (classical mechanics) do not adequately describe the behavior of something as small as an electron, requiring the development of new laws of motion (quantum mechanics). Viewers can watch as hydrogen creates a spectrum of light waves, prompting the consideration of why only certain colors are generated and not others; i.e. why only certain energy transitions are possible. The Schrödinger equation is offered up as the key to explaining these colors as well as many other experimental findings. By the end of this unit, viewers should be able to apply the concept that there are discrete atomic energy levels and should be able to calculate binding and ionization energies for electrons. They should be able to describe wavefunctions (orbitals) and write electron configurations.

Image excerpted from Lecture 1 Notes Lecture 1: The Importance of Chemical Principles

Image excerpted from Lecture 2 Notes Lecture 2: Atomic Structure

Image excerpted from Lecture 3 Notes Lecture 3: Wave-Particle Duality of Light

Image excerpted from Lecture 4 Notes Lecture 4: Wave-Particle Duality of Matter; Schrödinger Equation

Image excerpted from Lecture 5 Notes Lecture 5: Hydrogen Atom Energy Levels

Image excerpted from Lecture 6 Notes Lecture 6: Hydrogen Atom Wavefunctions (Orbitals)

Image excerpted from Lecture 7 Notes Lecture 7: Multi-electron Atoms

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